A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity
Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.
Evaluating physiological stress in Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms in Vietnam
Contributor(s):: Narayan, E., Willis, A., Thompson, R., Hunter-Ishikawa, M., Bendixsen, T.
Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone
| Contributor(s):: Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen
In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...
Attitudes Toward Bile Extraction From Living Bears: Survey of Citizens and Students in Beijing
| Contributor(s):: Liu, Zhao, Jiang, Zhigang, Yang, Aifang, Xu, Bingbing, Fang, Hongxia, Xie, Zongping, Li, Ning, Li, Chunwang, Meng, Zhibin, Zeng, Yan
Bear bile is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for millennia. Several arguments support and oppose the use of bear farming in terms of conservation and nonhuman animal welfare. This study involved designing a questionnaire and surveying a random sample of general citizens and...
Representations of polar bears in tourism: Exploring power relations through discourse analysis
Historical and contemporary relationships between human beings and polar bears are dynamic and complex, and the lives of these two animal species continue to be intimately intertwined in the tourism context. The polar bear viewing industry increasingly relies on the (re)creation, dissemination,...
Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia
| Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian
Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported conflicts with these...
Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013
| Contributor(s):: Adam Guy Alsamadisi
Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
| Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...
Interactions between grizzly bears and hikers in Glacier National Park, Montana
| Contributor(s):: Katherine Louise McArthur Jope
Behavior of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) toward people was studied by examining hikers' reports of grizzly bear observations and by intensively observing grizzlies in an area of Glacier National Park that was heavily used by day-hikers. Of concern were the apparenthabituation...
A Quantitative Analysis of Kalandars and Captive Bears in Pakistan
| Contributor(s):: Thomas P. Rooney, Kendra C. Millam
In 2013, the Bioresource Research Centre (Islamabad, Pakistan) conducted a comprehensive census of the remaining dancing and bear-baiting bears in Pakistan. This involved locating and counting the actual involved bears and bear keepers (kalandars), collecting detailed socio-economic data from the...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
| Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...
Frequently Asked Questions About Trapping or Hunting Bears With Bait and Hounds 2014
Local Attitudes towards Bear Management after Illegal Feeding and Problem Bear Activity
| Contributor(s):: Sara Dubois, David Fraser
The “pot bears” received international media attention in 2010 after police discovered the intentional feeding of over 20 black bears during the investigation of an alleged marijuana-growing operation in Christina Lake, British Columbia, Canada. A two-phase random digit dialing survey...
China's bear farming and long-term solutions
| Contributor(s):: Li, P. J.
Commentary on China's bear farming to obtain bear bile for traditional Chinese medicine and possible long-term solutions.
Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?
| Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.
In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...
The effects of automated scatter feeders on captive grizzly bear activity budgets
| Contributor(s):: Andrews, N. L. P., Ha, J. C.
Although captive bears are popular zoo attractions, they are known to exhibit high levels of repetitive behaviors (RBs). These behaviors have also made them particularly popular subjects for welfare research. To date, most research on ursid welfare has focused on various feeding methods that seek...
The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus
| Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty
In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...
Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)
| Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.
Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...
Home range, habitat use, and food habits of the black bear in southcentral Florida
| Contributor(s):: Wade Allen Ulrey
I studied a small, enigmatic, and imperiled black bear population in south-central Florida from 2004 - 2006. Annual home ranges of males (96.0 km2) were larger than those of females (32.2 km2). Female home ranges were smaller in winter than in summer or fall. At the landscape scale, bears...
Habitat use by black bears in relation to forest management in Pisgah National Forest, North Carolina
| Contributor(s):: Allan Joseph Brody
A total of 1310 locations was obtained on 18 radio collared black bears (Ursus americanus) in Pisgah National Forrest, North Carolina, during 1982 and 1983. Male home ranges averaged 3205 ha in summer and 6931 ha in fall. Female home ranges averaged 872 hectares in summer and 1712 hectares in...