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  1. Human-wildlife conflict-causes, consequences and mitigation measures with special reference to Kashmir

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat

    The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected...

  2. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    | Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults’ perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human–wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students’ perceptions of and attitudes...

  3. Mitigating Human-Black Bear Conflicts by Understanding Spatial Patterns and Assoicated Site Characteristics

    | Contributor(s):: Mary Wendy Von Der Porten

    Conflict with humans poses a serious risk to the viability of carnivore populations worldwide. Identifying effective non-lethal management strategies demands an understanding of the interplay among multiple drivers of conflict at the scale of conflict situations. I quantified the spatial patterns...

  4. Social networks and welfare in future animal management

    | Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.

    It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...

  5. Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans

    | Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.

    Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...

  6. Behavioural decisions for managing social distance and aggression in captive polar bears ( Ursus maritimus )

    | Contributor(s):: Renner, M. J., Kelly, A. L.

    The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) in most zoos attracts high levels of public attention and can play an important role in conservation education. Polar bears in the wild are typically solitary; bears in captivity often house socially. This study reported behavioural evidence on how bears manage...

  7. China's bear farming and long-term solutions

    | Contributor(s):: Li, P. J.

    Commentary on China's bear farming to obtain bear bile for traditional Chinese medicine and possible long-term solutions.

  8. Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?

    | Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.

    In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...

  9. The effects of automated scatter feeders on captive grizzly bear activity budgets

    | Contributor(s):: Andrews, N. L. P., Ha, J. C.

    Although captive bears are popular zoo attractions, they are known to exhibit high levels of repetitive behaviors (RBs). These behaviors have also made them particularly popular subjects for welfare research. To date, most research on ursid welfare has focused on various feeding methods that seek...

  10. The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus

    | Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty

    In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...

  11. Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)

    | Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.

    Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...

  12. What good is a bear to society?

    | Contributor(s):: Harding, L.

    Arising out of fieldwork in the Canadian Rockies, this paper analyzes the role of bears in the conservation culture of Canadian national parks. Why is the presence of this large predator tolerated and even celebrated by some? And why do others fear and even despise this animal, whom they see as a...

  13. The relevance of age and gender for public attitudes to brown bears ( Ursus arctos), black bears ( Ursus americanus), and cougars ( Puma concolor) in Kamloops, British Columbia

    | Contributor(s):: Campbell, M. O.

  14. Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms

    | Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.

  15. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    | Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  16. Human-wildlife conflicts influence attitudes but not necessarily behaviors: factors driving the poaching of bears in China

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Fang, McShea, W. J., Garshelis, D. L., Zhu, XiaoJian, Wang, DaJun, Shao, LiangKun