You are here: Home / Tags / Behavior and behavior mechanisms / All Categories

Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms

All Categories (1-20 of 2514)

  1. Change the Humans First: Principles for Improving the Management of Free-Roaming Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynette J. McLeod, Donald W. Hine, Aaron B. Driver

    In Australia, free-roaming cats can be found in urban and rural areas across the country. They are inherently difficult to manage but it is frequently human behaviour that demands the most attention and is in most need of change. To the frustration of policy makers and practitioners, scientific...

  2. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  3. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  4. Animal welfare indicators for sheep during sea transport: The effect of voyage day and time of day

    | Contributor(s):: Willis, Renee S., Fleming, Patricia A., Dunston-Clarke, Emma J., Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David W., Collins, Teresa

  5. If I fits I sits: A citizen science investigation into illusory contour susceptibility in domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus)

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, Gabriella E., Chouinard, Philippe A., Byosiere, Sarah-Elizabeth

  6. Panting scores as a measure of heat stress evaluation in sheep with access and with no access to shade

    | Contributor(s):: Marcone, G., Kaart, T., Piirsalu, P., Arney, D. R.

  7. Are free-ranging Kune Kune pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) able to solve a cooperative task?

    | Contributor(s):: Koglmüller, Melanie, Wondrak, Marianne, Camerlink, Irene, Rault, Jean-Loup, Huber, Ludwig

  8. Effects of hatching on-farm on behaviour, first week performance, fear level and range use of organic broilers

    | Contributor(s):: Jessen, Camilla Toldevar, Foldager, Leslie, Riber, Anja B.

  9. Ewes prefer subordinate rather than dominant rams as sexual partners

    | Contributor(s):: Díaz, Arisvet, Orihuela, Agustín, Aguirre, Virginio, Clemente, Neftalí, Pedernera, Mariana, Flores-Pérez, Iván, Vázquez, Reyes, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo

  10. Influence of living in a multicat household on health and behaviour in a cohort of cats from the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Roberts, C., Gruffydd-Jones, T., Williams, J. L., Murray, J. K.

  11. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  12. Music Festival Makes Hedgehogs Move: How Individuals Cope Behaviorally in Response to Human-Induced Stressors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wanja Rast, Leon M.F. Barthel, Anne Berger

    Understanding the impact of human activities on wildlife behavior and fitness can improve their sustainability. In a pilot study, we wanted to identify behavioral responses to anthropogenic stress in an urban species during a semi-experimental field study. We equipped eight urban hedgehogs...

  13. Development and evaluation of the Fe-BARQ: A new survey instrument for measuring behavior in domestic cats (Felis s. catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Duffy, Roseana T. Diniz de Moura, James A. Serpell

    A questionnaire instrument for obtaining quantitative behavioral evaluations of pet cats from cat owners was developed and validated. Exploratory Factor Analysis of 2608 questionnaire responses to 149 behavioral questions/items extracted a total of 23 distinct factors that measured most of the...

  14. Sizing up physical activity: The relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' motivations, and dog walking

    | Contributor(s):: Clarise Lim, Ryan E. Rhodes

    ObjectiveRegular dog walking is likely a symbiotic relationship between the needs of the dog and its owner. This relationship has seen limited attention. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' perceptions of responsibility and...

  15. Impact of therapy dog visits on outpatient nurse welfare and job satisfaction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie D. Clark, Jessica M. Smidt, Brent A. Bauer

    Interaction with a therapy dog can decrease blood pressure, heart rate, and improve heart rate variability; due to these responses, it suggests that human-animal interaction can alleviate the stress response. This study aims to observe if the effects of therapy dog visits could alleviate...

  16. Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...

  17. Looking for Visitor's Effect in Sanctuaries: Implications of Guided Visitor Groups on the Behavior of the Chimpanzees at Fundació Mona

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jana López-Álvarez, Yaiza Sanjorge, Sara Soloaga, Dietmar Crailsheim, Miquel Llorente

    The question of ‘if and how captive primates are affected by visitors’ has gained increasing attention over the last decades. Although the majority reported undesirable effects on behavior and wellbeing, many studies reported contradicting results. Most of these studies were...

  18. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  19. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  20. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...