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  1. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  2. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  3. Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting

    Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.

    Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...

  4. A test of "nutritional wisdom" in perch ( Perca fluviatilis) by self-selection of encapsulated macronutrients

    Contributor(s):: Brannas, E., Strand, A.

    Developing optimal diets based on fish macronutrient requirements is an expensive and laborious task requiring years of research. However, many species of fish can compose a species-specific optimal diet from single source macronutrients in capsules through self-selection. Eurasian perch is a...

  5. Daily grazing time of dairy cows is recorded accurately using the Lifecorder Plus device

    Contributor(s):: Delagarde, R., Lamberton, P.

    Accurate estimation of daily grazing time and nycthemeral grazing pattern in ruminant nutrition research may result in a better understanding of sward-animal interactions and of the behavioural constraints affecting daily intake at pasture. Portable devices which automatically record grazing...

  6. Early transfer of mated females into the maternity unit reduces stress and increases maternal care in farm mink

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R.

    Mated mammals on farms are typically transferred to another housing environment prior to delivery. We investigated whether the timing of this transfer - EARLY (Day -36), INTERMEDIATE (Day -18), or LATE (Day -3) relative to the expected day of birth (Day 0) - affects maternal stress, maternal care...

  7. GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.

    The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...

  8. Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time

    Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.

    The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...

  9. Birth and death rate estimates of cats and dogs in U.S. households and related factors

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Kelch, W. J., Hutchison, J. M., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H.

    Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning...

  10. Determination of sheep learning responses to a directional audio cue

    Contributor(s):: Morris, J. E., Fisher, A. D., Doyle, R. E., Bush, R. D.

    There are scientific opinions that a nonhuman animal cannot feel emotions, and, hence, positive experiences, without being cognitive. Therefore, determining an animal's cognitive capacity can be useful in supporting the existence of emotions. Research shows that sheep can perform tasks based on...

  11. Self-harm in laboratory-housed primates: where is the evidence that the Animal Welfare Act amendment has worked?

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Durham, D.

    The 1985 amendment to the United States Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to promote psychological well being of primates in the laboratory represents an acknowledgment of an important welfare problem concerning nonhuman animals. How effective has this amendment been? Perhaps the best-known contributor to...

  12. Estimating the economic value of Australian stock herding dogs

    Contributor(s):: Arnott, E. R., Early, J. B., Wade, C. M., McGreevy, P. D.

    This study aimed to estimate the value of the typical Australian herding dog in terms of predicted return on investment. This required an assessment of the costs associated with owning herding dogs and estimation of the work they typically perform. Data on a total of 4,027 dogs were acquired...

  13. Formation of teat order and estimation of piglets' distribution along the mammary complex using mid-domain effect (MDE) model

    Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Skorjanc, D.

  14. Methods used to estimate the size of the owned cat and dog population: a systematic review

    Contributor(s):: Downes, M. J., Dean, R. S., Stavisky, J. H., Adams, V. J., Grindlay, D. J. C., Brennan, M. L.

  15. Short-term welfare implications of capture-mark-recapture trapping of medium-sized mammals: the brushtail possum ( Trichosurus vulpecula) as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Cowan, P., Forrester, G., Warburton, B.

  16. Captive-bolt euthanasia of cattle: determination of optimal-shot placement and evaluation of the Cash Special Euthanizer KitReg. for euthanasia of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gilliam, J. N., Shearer, J. K., Woods, J., Hill, J., Reynolds, J., Taylor, J. D., Bahr, R. J., Crochik, S., Snider, T. A.

  17. Influence of teeth resection on the skin temperature and acute phase response in newborn piglets

    Contributor(s):: Llamas Moya, S., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.

  18. Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Palme, R.

  19. Are cows more likely to lie down the longer they stand?

    Contributor(s):: Tolkamp, B. J., Haskell, M. J., Langford, F. M., Roberts, D. J., Morgan, C. A.

    Information on (changes in) standing and lying behaviour of cows can be used for oestrus detection, early diagnosis of disorders and to evaluate welfare consequences of changes in housing and management. Data sets on lying and standing behaviour were collected from cows with IceTagTM sensors...

  20. Estimating the diet of urban birds: the problems of anthropogenic food and food digestibility

    Contributor(s):: Ottoni, I., Oliveira, F. F. R. de, Young, R. J.

    A variety of methods exist for assessing the diets of wild birds, each of which has its strengths and weaknesses. The objective of this study was to compare diet data collected in parallel by behavioural observations and faecal analysis from an urban population of Penelope superciliaris...