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  1. Temperament in Captivity, Environmental Enrichment, Flight Ability, and Response to Humans in an Endangered Parrot Species

    Contributor(s):: Ramos, G. A. P., Azevedo, C. S., Jardim, T. H. A., Sant'Anna, A. C.

    Temperament assessment is useful in reintroduction programs. Reactivity to humans and flight ability are also important behavioral aspects for captive parrots candidates to reintroduction. The study aimed: a) to evaluate if behavioral responses to environmental enrichment differ as a function of...

  2. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  3. Comparison of Subjective Well-Being and Personality Assessments in the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), and African Lion (Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Powell, David M., Weiss, Alexander

    The study of subjective well-being in nonhuman animals is growing in the field of psychology, but there are still only a few published studies and the focus is on primates. To consider whether the construct of subjective well-being could be found in another mammal, this study aimed to assess...

  4. The Relationship Between Neuroticism Facets, Conscientiousness, and Human Attachment to Pet Cats

    Contributor(s):: Reevy, Gretchen M., Delgado, Mikel M.

    Gaining knowledge about the diverse correlates of human–pet attachment will help us better understand the nature of this bond. Previous research found that the personality dimensions of neuroticism and conscientiousness positively predicted human attachment to multiple types of pets. To address a...

  5. Stability of Owners’ Perceptions of the Behavioral Style of Their Cats

    Contributor(s):: Elvers, Greg C., Lawriw, Alexander N., Chambers, Taylor N.

    In humans, personality is relatively stable across the adult life- span and various situations. Can the same be said of the personality of cats? Primary caregivers of cats thought about their cats in four situations: 1) home alone with the cat, 2) an unknown plumber arrives, 3) during a...

  6. The Behavioral Style of the Cat Predicts Owner Satisfaction

    Contributor(s):: Elvers, Greg C., Lawriw, Alexander N.

    A 9-item, reliable measure of owner satisfaction with their cat, the CatSat, was developed. Item response analysis indicated that the CatSat discriminates lower levels of satisfaction better than higher levels. Correlations between the CatSat and a measure of attachment to the cat (Lexington...

  7. Cyprus versus UK: Cultural Differences of Attitudes toward Animals Based on Personality and Sensational Interests

    Contributor(s):: Zalaf, Alexia, Egan, Vincent

    The aim of the present study was to see if positive attitudes toward animals can be predicted by the personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness, and whether higher levels of militaristic interests may lead to less positive attitudes. Militarism was expected to be predicted by lower...

  8. Anthropomorphizing Dogs: Projecting One's Own Personality and Consequences for Supporting Animal Rights

    Contributor(s):: Brown, Christina M., McLean, Julia L.

    The purpose of this paper was twofold: First, to test if people project their own personality traits onto dogs, and second, to examine if considering the psychological state of dogs increases support for animal rights more broadly. In studies 1 and 2, participants read descriptions of dog...

  9. Dog People and Cat People Differ on Dominance-Related Traits

    Contributor(s):: Alba, Beatrice, Haslam, Nick

    Many people identify themselves as being either a “cat person” or a “dog person” based on their preference for these domestic animals. The purpose of this study was to test the common belief that there are personality differences between these types. Previous research has found differences...

  10. Scottish wildcat (Felis silvestris grampia) personality and subjective well-being: Implications for captive management

    Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Research in animal personality has been increasing over the last decade, as scientists realize its importance to health outcomes. In particular, personality has sometimes been used, in conjunction with other tools, for aspects of captive management, including decreasing stress, increasing...

  11. Personality in felids: A review

    Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Although there has been an increase in felid personality research, much more work is needed, with only 20 published studies, 17 of which focused on the domestic cat. Most studies show important implications for this type of research, but there is no consensus on terminology, method, or...

  12. Personality assessment in African elephants (Loxodonta africana): Comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    Contributor(s):: Horback, Kristina M., Miller, Lance J., Kuczaj, Stan A.

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined based...

  13. Pain expression is linked to personality in horses

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Collins, Lisa M., Elwood, Robert W.

    Tissue damage may result in pain, inducing protective behaviour such as lameness. Because we cannot directly measure an animal's subjective experience, pain research and veterinary assessment rely on these behavioural indicators when quantifying pain. This assumes that pain expression is...

  14. Management and personality in Labrador Retriever dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lofgren, Sarah E., Wiener, Pamela, Blott, Sarah C., Sanchez-Molano, Enrique, Woolliams, John A., Clements, Dylan N., Haskell, Marie J.

    Canine personality is of keen interest to dog owners and researchers alike. The regular human contact with them makes dogs an ideal species to use in the investigation of animal personality. This study specifically focused on Labrador Retrievers, consistently one of the most popular breeds both...

  15. Influence of habitat structure and food on patch choice of captive coyotes

    Contributor(s):: Poessel, Sharon A., Gese, Eric M., Young, Julie K.

    Increasing urban development can have significant effects on wildlife species, including carnivores. Some carnivore species have been able to adapt to and even thrive in urban environments, including coyotes (Canis latrans). The presence of carnivores in urban areas can sometimes lead to...

  16. The implications of husbandry training on zoo animal response rates

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Melfi, Vicky

    Positive reinforcement training (hereafter known as training) has increasingly been adopted in zoos, to facilitate complex veterinary procedures without sedation or restraint and support husbandry requirements. However, empirical studies to establish the efficacy of training or investigate its...

  17. Fear responses to novelty in testing environments are related to day-to-day activity in the home environment in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: MacKay, Jill R. D., Haskell, Marie J., Deag, John M., van Reenen, Kees

    Behavioural tests for cattle take time to perform and can be stressful for the animals but are currently the only way of assessing behavioural reactions to fear-causing stimuli in a standardised manner. It may be possible to use behavioural data collected remotely in the home pen environment...

  18. Exploring the dog park: Relationships between social behaviours, personality and cortisol in companion dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ottenheimer Carrier, Lydia, Cyr, Amanda, Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    The relationships between behaviour, owner-rated personality, and cortisol were examined in companion dogs that visited a local off-leash dog park. In Study 1, salivary cortisol increased significantly from baseline levels following 20min in the dog park (P=0.013), but not in the same dogs...

  19. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...

  20. Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...