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  1. Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants' Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Lindsay Nakonechny, Emilie Derisoud, Katrina Merkies

    The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience...

  2. The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete

    The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...

  3. Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"

    | Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.

  4. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  5. Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Vitulli, V., Zanin, L., Trentini, R., Lucidi, P.

  6. The Different Physical and Behavioural Characteristics of Zoo Mammals That Influence Their Response to Visitors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marina B. Queiroz, Robert J. Young

    The factors underlying the ‘zoo visit effect’ (changes in animal behaviour/physiology in response to visitor presence) are still poorly understood, despite it being widely investigated. The present study examined the effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour of 17 different species of...

  7. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  8. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    | Contributor(s):: Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  9. I like my dog, does my dog like me?

    | Contributor(s):: Rehn, Therese, Lindholm, Ulrika, Keeling, Linda, Forkman, Björn

    In this study, the possibility of there being an association between how an owner perceives his/her relationship to their dog and the way the dog experiences the relationship to its owner was investigated using two well-established methods within the anthrozoology literature. Twenty dog–owner...

  10. The effect of dog–human interaction on cortisol and behavior in registered animal-assisted activity dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Ng, Zenithson Y., Pierce, Bess J., Otto, Cynthia M., Buechner-Maxwell, Virginia A., Siracusa, Carlo, Werre, Stephen R.

    The effect of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on the animal participants has been minimally investigated, and the welfare of these animals has been questioned. To enhance our understanding of these animals’ welfare, we measured cortisol collected from serial saliva samples of 15 healthy adult...

  11. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  12. Stress and stress reduction in common marmosets

    | Contributor(s):: Kaplan, Gisela, Pines, Mathew K., Rogers, Lesley J.

    Surprisingly few studies have measured cortisol levels in captive primates using samples collected during everyday life to gauge which activities and circumstances might induce or reduce stress. Much of what is behaviourally identifiable as stress may not to be reflected in physiological stress,...

  13. Lying laterality and the effect of IceTag data loggers on lying behaviour of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Gibbons, Jenny, Medrano-Galarza, Catalina, Marie de Passillé, Anne, Rushen, Jeffrey

    Lying behaviour is a useful indicator of cow comfort, but can be time consuming to measure. Data loggers are commonly used to automatically record behavioural activity but may influence the animal's behaviour. We investigated the effect of a new model of the IceTag data logger (IceTag Sensor,...

  14. Laboratory macaques: When to wean?

    | Contributor(s):: Prescott, Mark J., Nixon, Mellissa E., Farningham, David A. H., Naiken, Sandiren, Griffiths, Mary-Ann

    Worldwide there is large variation in the age at which young macaques destined for use in research are permanently separated from their mothers, and in the subsequent social environment in which they are reared. This stems from variation in minimum weaning ages and rearing practices in guidelines...

  15. Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Siivonen, Jutta, Taponen, Suvi, Hovinen, Mari, Pastell, Matti, Lensink, B. Joop, Pyörälä, Satu, Hänninen, Laura

    Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...

  16. Does environmental enrichment really matter? A case study using the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus

    | Contributor(s):: Rosier, Renee L., Langkilde, Tracy

    Institutional and federal ethics committees regulate research on live vertebrate animals. Current regulations require researchers to provide environmental enrichment for laboratory animals. The intention is that such enrichment reduces stress and prevents atypical behavior of captive animals,...

  17. Behavioural reactions before and during vaginal examination in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Pilz, Madlen, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola, Thiele, Gerhard, Tinge, Harm, Lotz, Fabian, Heuwieser, Wolfgang

    Vaginal examinations are routine procedures on dairy farms to diagnose pregnancy or puerperal diseases. Cows express their discomfort in certain situations with discrete behavioural reactions. These reactions can be described in their occurrence and extent. Although there is evidence that human...

  18. The behaviour of beef cattle at pasture

    | Contributor(s):: Kilgour, Robert J., Uetake, Katsuji, Ishiwata, Toshie, Melville, Gavin J.

    One of the Five Freedoms established by the British Farm Animal Welfare Council is the freedom for animals to express normal behaviour. However, for beef cattle, the major problem with this is to establish what constitutes “normal”. In the absence of surviving wild ancestors, the best that can be...

  19. Assessment of animal welfare through behavioural parameters in Iberian pigs in intensive and extensive conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Temple, Déborah, Manteca, Xavier, Velarde, Antonio, Dalmau, Antoni

    Behaviour is a significant component of well-being and should be properly considered in a pig welfare assessment. However, interpretation of variations in behaviour is usually not straightforward, especially when dealing with animals housed and managed in a variety of systems. The fourth...

  20. Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alison L. Greggor, Greg A. Vicino, Ronald R. Swaisgood, Andrea Fidgett, Deena Brenner, Matthew E. Kinney, Susan Farabaugh, Bryce Masuda, Nadine Lamberski

    Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by...