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  1. Returning a Shelter Dog: The Role of Owner Expectations and Dog Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Lee, Brittany, Reinhard, Chelsea L., Morris, Margaret, Satriale, Donya, Serpell, James, Watson, Brittany

    Millions of animals are adopted from animal shelters in the United States each year, although some are returned post-adoption, which can decrease both the animals’ chances of future adoptions and the owners’ willingness to adopt again. In this study, we investigated the impact of...

  2. Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.

    Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...

  3. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...

  4. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  5. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  6. Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Dog Behaviour: Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hunt, R. L., Whiteside, H., Prankel, S.

    Environmental enrichment (EE) can be used to enhance the environment of various animals. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effects of seven EE activities (Bonding, Bubble machine, Conspecific play, Interactive toy, Playhouse, Stuffed food toy and Tug play) on dog behaviour, pre-...

  7. Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.

    To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...

  8. Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...

  9. Educating dog owners: how owner-dog interactions can benefit from addressing the human caregiving system and dog-directed parenting styles

    | Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. van

  10. Computational Analysis of Movement Patterns of Dogs with ADHD-Like Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephane Bleuer-Elsner, Anna Zamansky, Asaf Fux, Dmitry Kaplun, Sergey Romanov, Aleksandr Sinitca, Sylvia Masson, Dirk van der Linden

    Computational approaches were called for to address the challenges of more objective behavior assessment which would be less reliant on owner reports. This study aims to use computational analysis for investigating a hypothesis that dogs with ADHD-like (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)...

  11. Early Recognition of Behaviour Problems in Shelter Dogs by Monitoring them in their Kennels after Admission to a Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liam Clay, Mandy Paterson, Pauleen Bennett, Gaille Perry, Clive Phillips

    Canine behaviour assessments are commonly used in shelters to identify behaviour problems in dogs prior to adoption. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether kennel monitoring of dogs could identify early signs of behaviour problems, thereby facilitating early intervention and better...

  12. Societal interest in puppies and the COVID-19 pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Siettou, C.

  13. Pets in society

    | Contributor(s):: Dean, R. W.

  14. Characteristics and Adoption Success of Shelter Dogs Assessed as Resource Guarders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Betty McGuire

    Some domestic dogs aggressively guard resources. Canine resource guarding impacts public health through dog bites and a ects dog welfare through adoption and euthanasia policies at animal shelters. However, little is known about the demographic characteristics and adoption success of dogs...

  15. Pet dogs home alone: A video-based study

    | Contributor(s):: Stephan, Gerrit, Leidhold, Joachim, Hammerschmidt, Kurt

  16. Factors associated with sniffing behaviors between walking dogs in public places

    | Contributor(s):: Holcova, Kristyna, Koru, Eva, Havlicek, Zdenek, Rezac, Petr

  17. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...

  18. Application of a welfare assessment tool (Shelter Quality Protocol) in 64 Italian long-term dogs' shelters: welfare hazard analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Arena, L., Berteselli, G. V., Lombardo, F., Candeloro, L., Dalla Villa, P., De Massis, F.

  19. Hair cortisol concentrations, as a measure of chronic activity within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, is elevated in dogs farmed for meat, relative to pet dogs, in South Korea

    | Contributor(s):: Maxwell, N. B., Buchanan, C. G., Evans, N. P.

  20. Use of meloxicam, buprenorphine, and Maxilene (R) to assess a multimodal approach for piglet pain management, part I: surgical castration

    | Contributor(s):: Viscardi, A. V., Turner, P. V.