You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance
| Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray
Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...
Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.
To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...
When walking in an outside area, shelter dogs (Canis familiaris) synchronize activity with their caregivers but do not remain as close to them as do pet dogs
| Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Bedossa, T., Gaunet, F.
Significant Neuroanatomical Variation Among Domestic Dog Breeds
| Contributor(s):: Hecht, E. E., Smaers, J. B., Dunn, W. D., Kent, M., Preuss, T. M., Gutman, D. A.
Seizure-alerting behavior in dogs owned by people experiencing seizures
| Contributor(s):: Martos Martinez-Caja, A., De Herdt, V., Boon, P., Brandl, U., Cock, H., Parra, J., Perucca, E., Thadani, V., Moons, C. P. H.
Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
| Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.
Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets
| Contributor(s):: Vitulli, V., Zanin, L., Trentini, R., Lucidi, P.
What Makes a Good Therapy Dog? Identifying Factors Associated with Calm Behavior in Therapy Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kristen Cunningham, Zachary L. Darwish, Rosemary Strasser
Dogs offer a variety of benefits to society, including the use of therapy dogs to provide therapeutic and physiological benefits, enhancing the lives of a wide range of recipients. Unlike service or emotional support animals, therapy dogs provide support to a multitude of individuals, often in...
Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents
| Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...
Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations
| Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson
Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...
Guardians' Perceptions of Dogs' Welfare and Behaviors Related to Visiting the Veterinary Clinic
| Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Pierantoni, Ludovica, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo
A large survey of Italian dog guardians (n = 906) was conducted to assess dog behavior and welfare at the veterinary clinic and to investigate how guardians and veterinarians affect them. This study confirmed that the veterinary clinic is a source of stress for most dogs, who showed impaired...
Abandonment of Dogs and Cats: Public Opinions as Population Management Indicators
| Contributor(s):: Baquero, Oswaldo Santos, Chiozzotto, Evelyn Nestori, Garcia, Rita de Cassia Maria, Amaku, Marcos, Ferreira, Fernando
This study involved characterizing public opinions on selected issues related to the abandonment of dogs and cats in Votorantim, São Paulo, Brazil. This goal was achieved by applying multiple correspondence analysis to answers recorded in questionnaires of a population-based survey. The results...
The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs
| Contributor(s):: Walker, Jessica K., Waran, Natalie K., Phillips, Clive J. C.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...
Development of the behavioural assessment for re-homing K9's (B.A.R.K.) protocol
| Contributor(s):: Mornement, Kate M., Coleman, Grahame J., Toukhsati, Samia, Bennett, Pauleen C.
Globally, millions of dogs enter the welfare shelter system each year. Before being made available for adoption dogs are typically screened for their suitability as companions by way of a “temperament test” or behavioural assessment. In Australia, the majority of dogs that fail their behavioural...
Cross sectional study comparing behavioural, cognitive and physiological indicators of welfare between short and long term kennelled domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Titulaer, Mieke, Blackwell, Emily J., Mendl, Michael, Casey, Rachel A.
Affective states are an integral part of animal welfare but are difficult to assess using traditional welfare measurements. It has previously been shown that kennelled dogs commonly show indications of poor welfare. The aim of this study was to compare welfare of short-term (ST) and long-term...
Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science
| Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.
In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...
Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: Behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption
| Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence
Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...
Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests
| Contributor(s):: Barnard, Shanis, Siracusa, Carlo, Reisner, Ilana, Valsecchi, Paola, Serpell, James A.
Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...
Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.
As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...
The effect of time left alone at home on dog welfare
| Contributor(s):: Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda J.
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of time left alone on dog behaviour and cardiac activity. Twelve privately owned dogs, with no history of separation related behaviour problems, were video-recorded on three different occasions when left alone in their home environment. The...