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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms + Mammals

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  1. Early Recognition of Behaviour Problems in Shelter Dogs by Monitoring them in their Kennels after Admission to a Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liam Clay, Mandy Paterson, Pauleen Bennett, Gaille Perry, Clive Phillips

    Canine behaviour assessments are commonly used in shelters to identify behaviour problems in dogs prior to adoption. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether kennel monitoring of dogs could identify early signs of behaviour problems, thereby facilitating early intervention and better...

  2. Societal interest in puppies and the COVID-19 pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Siettou, C.

  3. Pets in society

    | Contributor(s):: Dean, R. W.

  4. Potential Risk Factors for Aggression and Playfulness in Cats: Examination of a Pooling Fallacy Using Fe-BARQ as an Example

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Noema Gajdoš Kmecová, Barbara Petková, Jana Kottferová, Rachel Sarah Wannell, Daniel Simon Mills

    Using a popular method of behaviour evaluation which rates the intensity of behaviour in different contexts, we demonstrate how pooling item scores relating to a given construct can reveal different potential risk factors for the dependent variable depending on how the total score is...

  5. Characteristics and Adoption Success of Shelter Dogs Assessed as Resource Guarders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Betty McGuire

    Some domestic dogs aggressively guard resources. Canine resource guarding impacts public health through dog bites and a ects dog welfare through adoption and euthanasia policies at animal shelters. However, little is known about the demographic characteristics and adoption success of dogs...

  6. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...

  7. The top behavioural tips for new puppy owners

    | Contributor(s):: Quandt, J.

    202096-979781946483201North American Veterinary Community (NAVC)Orlando,EnglishCollege of Veterinary Medicine University of Georgia, USA.text

  8. Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.

  9. Humanity's best friend: a dog-centric approach to addressing global challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Sykes, A., Beirne, P., Horowitz, A., Jones, I., Kalof, L., Karlsson, E., King, T., Litwak, H., McDonald, R. A., Murphy, L. J., Pemberton, N., Promislow, D., Rowan, A., Stahl, P., Tehrani, J., Tourigny, E., Wynne, C. D. L., Strauss, E., Larson, G.

  10. Veterinary Professionals' Understanding of Common Feline Behavioural Problems and the Availability of "Cat Friendly" Practices in Ireland

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matt Goins, Sandra Nicholson, Alison Hanlon

    Veterinary behavioural medicine (VBM) is an integral aspect of veterinary practice. However, Golden and Hanlon (Ir. Vet. J. 71:12, 2018) found that the majority of professionals surveyed felt they had received inadequate VBM education and were commonly asked to give advice on feline behavioural...

  11. Investigating the Role of Prolactin as a Potential Biomarker of Stress in Castrated Male Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jara Gutiérrez, Angelo Gazzano, Federica Pirrone, Claudio Sighieri, Chiara Mariti

    Prolactin has been recently regarded as a potential biomarker of both acute and chronic stress in several species. Since only few studies until now have focussed on domestic dogs, this study was aimed at evaluating whether prolactin, cortisol and stress behaviour correlated with each other in...

  12. Change the Humans First: Principles for Improving the Management of Free-Roaming Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynette J. McLeod, Donald W. Hine, Aaron B. Driver

    In Australia, free-roaming cats can be found in urban and rural areas across the country. They are inherently difficult to manage but it is frequently human behaviour that demands the most attention and is in most need of change. To the frustration of policy makers and practitioners, scientific...

  13. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  14. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  15. Development and evaluation of the Fe-BARQ: A new survey instrument for measuring behavior in domestic cats (Felis s. catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Duffy, Roseana T. Diniz de Moura, James A. Serpell

    A questionnaire instrument for obtaining quantitative behavioral evaluations of pet cats from cat owners was developed and validated. Exploratory Factor Analysis of 2608 questionnaire responses to 149 behavioral questions/items extracted a total of 23 distinct factors that measured most of the...

  16. Sizing up physical activity: The relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' motivations, and dog walking

    | Contributor(s):: Clarise Lim, Ryan E. Rhodes

    ObjectiveRegular dog walking is likely a symbiotic relationship between the needs of the dog and its owner. This relationship has seen limited attention. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' perceptions of responsibility and...

  17. Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...

  18. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  19. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  20. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...