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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms + Personality

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  1. Seizure-alerting behavior in dogs owned by people experiencing seizures

    Contributor(s):: Martos Martinez-Caja, A., De Herdt, V., Boon, P., Brandl, U., Cock, H., Parra, J., Perucca, E., Thadani, V., Moons, C. P. H.

  2. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...

  3. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  4. Individual differences in metabolism predict coping styles in fish

    Contributor(s):: Martins, Catarina I. M., Castanheira, Maria F., Engrola, Sofia, Costas, Benjamín, Conceição, Luís E. C.

    Studies on metabolism usually rely on measurements of oxygen consumption obtained in respirometry chambers. Despite rigorous standardization there is still considerable inter-individual variation in metabolic rates which is often ignored. Furthermore, housing in respirometry chambers implies...

  5. Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  6. Chimpanzees with positive welfare are happier, extraverted, and emotionally stable

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Altschul, Drew M., Wallace, Emma K., Úbeda, Yulán, Llorente, Miquel, Machanda, Zarin, Slocombe, Katie E., Leach, Matthew C., Waran, Natalie K., Weiss, Alexander

    Facilities housing captive animals are full of staff who, every day, interact with the animals under their care. The expertise and familiarity of staff can be used to monitor animal welfare by means of questionnaires. It was the goal of our study to examine the association between chimpanzee (Pan...

  7. Unpredictability in food supply during early life influences growth and boldness in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax

    Contributor(s):: Sébastien, Ferrari, Leguay, Didier, Vergnet, Alain, Vidal, Marie-Odile, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Biological variability is no longer considered as statistical noise, but rather as an adaptive benefit. This variability comes from consistent differences in behavioral and physiological responses among individuals to a changing/challenging environment, named “coping style”, “temperament” or...

  8. Comparing the predictive validity of behavioral codings and behavioral ratings in a working-dog breeding program

    Contributor(s):: McGarrity, Monica E., Sinn, David L., Thomas, Scott G., Marti, C. Nathan, Gosling, Samuel D.

    Most working-dog breeding programs have a substantial interest in using behavioral assessments of their young dogs to predict their subsequent success. Different methods of measuring behavior may capture different aspects of behavior yet working-dog programs typically use only a single...

  9. Is wheel running a re-directed stereotypic behaviour in striped mice Rhabdomys dilectus?

    Contributor(s):: Joshi, Sneha, Pillay, Neville

    When given the opportunity, many captive animal species make use of a running wheel. Wheel running is often used as an environmental enrichment to increase general locomotor activities. Yet, it is still debated whether wheel running is an enrichment or a stereotypic behaviour. Here, we...

  10. Owner personality and the wellbeing of their cats share parallels with the parent-child relationship

    Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Ward, J., Farnworth, M. J., Mills, D. S.

  11. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s):: Cole, J., Fraser, D.

  12. Associations between owner personality and psychological status and the prevalence of canine behavior problems

    Contributor(s):: Dodman, N. H., Brown, D. C., Serpell, J. A.

  13. Responsiveness of beef cattle (Bos taurus) to human approach, novelty, social isolation, restraint and trade-offs between feeding and social companionship

    Contributor(s):: Hirata, M., Kubo, S., Taketomi, I., Matsumoto, Y.

  14. Psychobiological Factors Affecting Cortisol Variability in Human-Dog Dyads

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Schoberl, I., Wedl, M., Beetz, A., Kotrschal, K.

  15. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  16. Emotion Attribution to a Non-Humanoid Robot in Different Social Situations

    | Contributor(s):: Lakatos, Gabriella, Gácsi, Márta, Konok, Veronika, Brúder, Ildikó, Bereczky, Boróka, Korondi, Péter, Miklósi, Ádám

  17. The cat-human relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.

    The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.

  18. To Go to the Dogs, or: Against Being Dead Serious

    | Contributor(s):: Penzinger, Christine

  19. The Dark Triad and animal cruelty: Dark personalities, dark attitudes, and dark behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Kavanagh, Phillip S., Signal, Tania D., Taylor, Nik

  20. Who Feels Sympathy for Roosters Used in Cockfighting? Examining the Influence of Feelings, Belief in Animal Mind, Personality, and Empathy-Related Traits

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, S. A., Quarles, L.

    Since the 2007 Vick dog-fighting case, much attention has been focused on cruelty against dogs. Cockfighting roosters, on the other hand, have been virtually ignored by scientists and laypeople alike. Accordingly, very little is known about our emotional reactions to roosters used for...