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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms + Pets and companion animals

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  1. You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...

  2. Understanding how dogs encourage and motivate walking: cross-sectional findings from RESIDE

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, M. Knuiman, H. E. Christian

    Background: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call ‘the Lassie...

  3. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  4. Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson

    Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...

  5. Behavioral Interventions as an Adjunctive Treatment for Canine Epilepsy: A Missing Part of the Epilepsy Management Toolkit?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowena M. A. Packer, Sarah L. Hobbs, Emily J. Blackwell

    Epilepsy is a common, complex and often challenging neurological disorder to treat in the dog, with 20–30% of dogs resistant to conventional medical therapies, and associated with cognitive and behavioral comorbidities and early death. Behavioral interventions are an emerging area of...

  6. Fleeing with Fido: an Analysis of What Canadian Domestic Violence Shelters Are Communicating Via their Websites about Leaving an Abusive Relationship when Pets Are Involved

    | Contributor(s):: Gray, Allison, Barrett, Betty Jo, Fitzgerald, Amy, Peirone, Amy

  7. Canine Aggression: Understanding Owner Beliefs about the Biological Locus of Origin for Rehabilitation of Aggressive Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Destiny DeHart

    The topic of canine aggression– threatening or hostile behavior involving actual and or potential harm to another – invokes many emotional responses due to the often violent connotations regarding aggressive canines. Research focusing on various methods of rehabilitation has...

  8. Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling

    The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...

  9. Dog Whisper || Manoor Sachdev || TEDxSIULavale | Manoor Sachdev | TEDxSIULavale

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Manoor Sachdev

    “We as humans think we are great but we are not. We are supposed to take inspiration from life because it is your biggest gift” Manoor Sachdev is a chief canine student at Canines Solution private limited. His foremost responsibility is attracting, engaging, developing and finding...

  10. The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ineke R. van Herwijnen, Joanne A. M. van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda

    Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...

  11. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  12. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  13. The incremental direct costs associated with behavioral symptoms in AD

    | Contributor(s):: DL Murman, Q Chen, MC Powell, SB Kuo, CJ Bradley, CC Colenda

  14. Qualified "in shelter" dogs' evaluation and training to promote successful dog-human relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marilena Sticco, Roberto Trentini, Pia Lucidi

    The phenomenon of dogs’ relinquishment in Italy has become a social evil, although many laws exist to regulate animal protection and lately, the act of abandonment has become criminalised (law n.189/2004, enforced by law n.201/2010). Adop tion fro m shelters seems t o be the only way to...

  15. Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz

    Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...

  16. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  17. Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species

    | Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema

    Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...

  18. Dierbare metgezellen : Domeinbeschrijving Dierenwelzijn

    | Contributor(s):: Irma Ennik, Lenny van Erp, Hans Hopster, Wim Meijberg, Marianne Poorthuis, Marko Ruis

    Dierenwelzijn is een complex thema met wetenschappelijke, ethische en maatschappelijke invalshoeken. Om dit thema beter voor het onderwijs toegankelijk te maken hebben Stichting Veldwerk Nederland, het lectoraat Welzijn van Dieren van de Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein en de Christelijke...

  19. The Effectiveness of Using Therapeutic Dog Program on the Elderly with Dementia in Nursing Homes of Taiwan

    | Contributor(s):: Ming-Lee Yeh

    Purpose: This research was to develop and to evaluate a canine animal assisted therapy program in Taiwan.Methods: Based on the concept of animal assisted therapy (AAT), this program included two stages. Based on a quasi-experimental research design, 58 elder residents with dementia in nursing...

  20. Investigating Attachment Behavior in Shelter Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Anamarie Johnson

    The strength and nature of the social connection between humans and dogs is a product of a long history of domestication. This study, conducted at a municipal shelter in Northern California using a modified Strange Situation Test, investigated the hypothesis that human-dog interactions will...