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  1. Wintertime use of natural versus artificial shelter by cattle in nature reserves in temperate areas

    Contributor(s):: Laer, E. van, Ampe, B., Moons, C., Sonck, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    The current study contributes scientific observation to the ongoing debate about whether and when artificial shelter (man-made), in addition to natural shelter (vegetation), should be provided to cattle grazing in nature reserves during temperate winters. In several year-round grazing projects in...

  2. Critical evaluation of the environment in Belgian dog breeding kennels during the puppies' socialization period

    Contributor(s):: Meester, R. de, Moons, C., Bree, H. van, Coopman, F.

    Different authors emphasize the role of an appropriate early environment during the juvenile period in the prevention of behavioral problems in puppies. In the present study, the authors investigate whether the conditions in which Belgian breeders raise and sell puppies meet the recommendations...

  3. Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach

    Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.

    This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...

  4. The concept of farm animal welfare: citizen perceptions and stakeholder opinion in Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Poucke, E. van, Pieniak, Z., Nijs, G., Tuyttens, F.

    Several attempts to conceptualize farm animal welfare have been criticized for diverging reasons, among them often the failure to incorporate the public concern and opinion. This paper's objective is to develop a conception of farm animal welfare that starts from the public's perception and...

  5. Cortisol and behavioral responses of working dogs to environmental challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Haverbeke, A., Diederich, C., Depiereux, E., Giffroy, J. M.

    This paper's primary objective is to analyse the physiological (cortisol) and behavioral responses of military working dogs (MWD). Dogs (N=27) were submitted twice to environmental challenges (challenge 1 and 2, 20 days in-between) composed of social (training), visual (mobile toy car) and...

  6. Farmers' relationship with different animals: the importance of getting close to the animals - case studies of French, Swedish and Dutch cattle, pig and poultry farmers

    | Contributor(s):: Bock, B. B., Huik, M. M. van, Prutzer, M., Eveillard, F. K., Dockes, A.

    This article seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the factors that influence farmers' relations with animals and focuses on the relevance of sector (e.g. beef or dairy cattle), animal species, housing systems and any national differences. It seeks to draw out how the relationship...

  7. Studies on the formation of ungrazed eliminative areas in fields used by horses

    | Contributor(s):: Odberg, F. O., Francis-Smith, K.

    Horses accepted cut grass from areas left ungrazed and used for elimination as long as faeces were not present. This indicated that aversion to faeces rather than a difference in palatability led to ungrazed areas in pastures.

  8. Comparison between 28 zoological parks: stereotypic and social behaviours of captive brown bears ( Ursus arctos )

    | Contributor(s):: Montaudouin, S., Pape, G. le

    In the present study we compared 33 enclosures in 28 parks, with a total of 66 bears. We chose direct observation of behaviour rather than surveys. Each enclosure was observed during one day; stereotypies and social relationships were qualitatively noted in types and amount. The connections of...

  9. Observations on behaviour and skin damage of slaughter pigs and treatment during lairage

    | Contributor(s):: Geverink, N. A., Engel, B., Lambooij, E., Wiegant, V. M.

    Slaughterhouse husbandry practice, agonistic behaviour in groups of pigs, indices of skin damage following slaughter (recorded on a relative scale of 1-4 where 4 indicates severe damage) were studied in 5 Dutch and 4 Belgian abattoirs. Variation in slaughterhouse husbandry practice was...

  10. A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms

    | Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.

    The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...

  11. Tail and ear biting lesions in pigs: an epidemiological study

    | Contributor(s):: Smulders, D., Hautekiet, V., Verbeke, G., Geers, R.

    Tail and ear biting lesions have a negative effect both on the animal welfare status of pigs (Sus scrofus) and the economical revenue of the pig farm. Tail biting behaviour is an unpredictable, abnormal behaviour that is thought to have a multifactorial origin. On-farm factors influencing tail...