Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
| Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife
| Contributor(s):: MacDonald, E., Milfont, T., Gavin, M.
Context. Cats can have substantial negative impacts on native wildlife. To harness the collective conservation impact of owners keeping cats inside, advocacy campaigns need to be based on empirical evidence regarding potential drivers to change cat-owner behaviour. Aims. We assessed the degree to...
Traversing the gap between religion and animal rights: framing and networks as a conceptual bridge
| Contributor(s):: Austin, R. L., Flynn, C. P.
Historically, Judeo-Christian doctrine has been used to justify the mistreatment of nonhuman animals through the "dominion" view of human superiority. Linzey and others have questioned this perspective, suggesting that critical tenets of religion, and particularly Christianity, support the...
Kassi helge kuju eesti rahvapärimuses
| Contributor(s):: Kristi Salve
The article opens with an overview about the extremely positive image of the cat in contemporary Estonian media, but also about the considerably more ambivalent image familiar from modern beliefs, truisms, narrative sequels, and comparisons. Some truisms and other lore material that have remained...
Princely companion or object of offense? The dog's ambiguous status in Islam
| Contributor(s):: Berglund, J.
Negative attitudes toward dogs are common in Muslim societies. Thus, in studying both past and present Muslim writings on dogs, a contradictory picture emerges, indicating that Muslim attitudes toward dogs have had their ambiguities. At times the dog has been presented as the lowest, filthiest,...
Behaviour of horses in a judgment bias test associated with positive or negative reinforcement
| Contributor(s):: Freymond, S. B., Briefer, E. F., Zollinger, A., Allmen, Y. G., Wyss, C., Bachmann, I.
Moods can influence our judgment of ambiguous stimuli as positive or negative. Measuring judgment bias in animals is a promising method to objectively assess their emotional states. Our study aimed to develop a cognitive bias test in horses, in order to assess the effect of training using...
Generating positive affective states in sheep: the influence of food rewards and opioid administration
| Contributor(s):: Verbeek, E., Ferguson, D., Monjour, P. Q. de, Lee, C.
This study investigated the involvement of the opioid system in modulating the affective state after the consumption of palatable and unpalatable rewards, using judgement bias as an indicator of the affective state. We hypothesised that consuming a palatable food reward would generate a more...
Herds and hierarchies: class, nature, and the social construction of horses in equestrian culture
| Contributor(s):: Coulter, K.
This study centers on equestrian show culture in Ontario, Canada, and examines how horses are entangled symbolically and materially in socially constructed hierarchies of value. After examining horse-show social relations and practices, the paper traces the connections among equestrian culture,...
Cremation services upon the death of a companion animal: views of service providers and service users
| Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A.
Cruelty towards domestic cats
| Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.
Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect
| Contributor(s):: Briefer, E. F., McElligott, A. G.
Religion, philosophy and ethics - how these affect our treatment of animals
| Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C.
The relationship between beliefs, attitudes and observed behaviours of abattoir personnel in the pig industry
| Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., McGregor, M., Hemsworth, P. H., Boyce, J., Dowling, S.
Previous research has indicated that frequent use of aversive pig handling techniques by stockpeople prior to slaughter, in particular the use of an electric prod, results in poorer welfare and reduced meat quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of attitudes in the prediction...
Why the question of animal consciousness might not matter very much
| Contributor(s):: Peter Carruthers
According to higher-order thought accounts of phenomenal consciousness (e.g. Carruthers, 2000) it is unlikely that many non-human animals undergo phenomenally conscious experiences. Many people believe that this result would have deep and far-reaching consequences. More specifically, they believe...
A longitudinal test of the belief that companion animal ownership can help reduce loneliness
| Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., McNicholas, J., Collis, G. M.
The widely held belief that companion animal ownership can help to reduce loneliness was tested using a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. Over a six-month period, 59 participants completed the UCLA-Loneliness Scale when they were seeking to acquire a companion animal. Participants'...
Don't be cruel: assessing beliefs about punishments for crimes against animals
| Contributor(s):: Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G., Yordon, R. E.
Hypothetical scenarios depicting an act of animal abuse were given to 438 participants who rated the appropriateness of eight types of punishments. The predictive value of sex of participant, animal type, crime type (acute abuse or neglect), crime outcome (victim lives or dies), and sex of...
Interpreting the bucrania of Catalhoyuk: James Mellaart, Dorothy Cameron, and beyond
| Contributor(s):: Relke, J.
The bucranium (bull's head and horns) has been recognized as the most prevalent three-dimensional art form found during the excavations of the Neolithic village of Catalhoyuk in central Turkey. James Mellaart interpreted it as the symbol of the son and lover of the Great Mother Goddess,...
The Holocaust and blood sacrifice
| Contributor(s):: Sax, B.
This article looks at affinities between the Holocaust and blood sacrifice of archaic times. It begins with a discussion of the practices and beliefs which have accompanied sacrificial rites in the past. This is followed by a discussion of ancient animal sacrifice, out of which came the practice...
The question of animal immortality: changing attitudes
| Contributor(s):: Fidler, M.
Christian teaching has long held that only humans possess an immortal soul and it is commonly thought that this has had the effect of downgrading animal status. One item in each of two separate questionnaires investigated current attitudes to human and animal immortality. The first Survey (A),...