The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
| Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
Princely companion or object of offense? The dog's ambiguous status in Islam
| Contributor(s):: Berglund, J.
Negative attitudes toward dogs are common in Muslim societies. Thus, in studying both past and present Muslim writings on dogs, a contradictory picture emerges, indicating that Muslim attitudes toward dogs have had their ambiguities. At times the dog has been presented as the lowest, filthiest,...
Behaviour of horses in a judgment bias test associated with positive or negative reinforcement
| Contributor(s):: Freymond, S. B., Briefer, E. F., Zollinger, A., Allmen, Y. G., Wyss, C., Bachmann, I.
Moods can influence our judgment of ambiguous stimuli as positive or negative. Measuring judgment bias in animals is a promising method to objectively assess their emotional states. Our study aimed to develop a cognitive bias test in horses, in order to assess the effect of training using...
Generating positive affective states in sheep: the influence of food rewards and opioid administration
| Contributor(s):: Verbeek, E., Ferguson, D., Monjour, P. Q. de, Lee, C.
This study investigated the involvement of the opioid system in modulating the affective state after the consumption of palatable and unpalatable rewards, using judgement bias as an indicator of the affective state. We hypothesised that consuming a palatable food reward would generate a more...
Cremation services upon the death of a companion animal: views of service providers and service users
| Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A.
Cruelty towards domestic cats
| Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.
Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect
| Contributor(s):: Briefer, E. F., McElligott, A. G.
Religion, philosophy and ethics - how these affect our treatment of animals
| Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C.
Changing stockperson attitudes and behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.
The principles underlying stockperson attitude and behavioural change and the results of research on the effects of behaviour modification/change on livestock production and welfare are presented.
Evolution of the stewardship idea in American country life
| Contributor(s):: Wunderlich, G.
This paper describes development of the idea of stewardship in the US country life. Theological and secular concepts of stewardship evolved markedly in the 20th century. During this period of evolution, the American Country Life Association through its church, academic, farm organization, and...
Farm animal welfare: assessment, issues and implications
A detailed discussion of farm animal welfare is presented, including definitions, assessment and implications for the animal.
The relationship between beliefs, attitudes and observed behaviours of abattoir personnel in the pig industry
| Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., McGregor, M., Hemsworth, P. H., Boyce, J., Dowling, S.
Previous research has indicated that frequent use of aversive pig handling techniques by stockpeople prior to slaughter, in particular the use of an electric prod, results in poorer welfare and reduced meat quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of attitudes in the prediction...
A longitudinal test of the belief that companion animal ownership can help reduce loneliness
| Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., McNicholas, J., Collis, G. M.
The widely held belief that companion animal ownership can help to reduce loneliness was tested using a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. Over a six-month period, 59 participants completed the UCLA-Loneliness Scale when they were seeking to acquire a companion animal. Participants'...
Don't be cruel: assessing beliefs about punishments for crimes against animals
| Contributor(s):: Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G., Yordon, R. E.
Hypothetical scenarios depicting an act of animal abuse were given to 438 participants who rated the appropriateness of eight types of punishments. The predictive value of sex of participant, animal type, crime type (acute abuse or neglect), crime outcome (victim lives or dies), and sex of...
Interpreting the bucrania of Catalhoyuk: James Mellaart, Dorothy Cameron, and beyond
| Contributor(s):: Relke, J.
The bucranium (bull's head and horns) has been recognized as the most prevalent three-dimensional art form found during the excavations of the Neolithic village of Catalhoyuk in central Turkey. James Mellaart interpreted it as the symbol of the son and lover of the Great Mother Goddess,...
Justifying attitudes toward animal use: a qualitative study of people's views and beliefs
| Contributor(s):: Knight, S., Barnett, L.
"Animal use" is a contentious topic that refers to practices involving the utilization of non-human animals by human beings. These practices often evoke strong and emotional reactions from opposing parties, and individuals can hold incongruent views concerning different ways in which animals are...
The question of animal immortality: changing attitudes
| Contributor(s):: Fidler, M.
Christian teaching has long held that only humans possess an immortal soul and it is commonly thought that this has had the effect of downgrading animal status. One item in each of two separate questionnaires investigated current attitudes to human and animal immortality. The first Survey (A),...