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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  3. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  4. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  5. International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings

    This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.

  6. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children’s developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: 1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? 2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and 3) Does a developmental...

  7. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental...

  8. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  9. Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.

    Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...

  10. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    | Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  11. Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?

    | Contributor(s):: Hazel, S. J., Signal, T. D., Taylor, N.

  12. A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )

    | Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.

    Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...

  13. A comparison of Bahamian cat and dog caregivers on New Providence

    | Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.

    This article offers the first comparison of actions and attitudes of Afro-Caribbean caregivers who keep only cats or only dogs. A total of 330 Bahamian caregivers found that women primarily keep cats; men primarily keep dogs. Cat keepers were more attached to their companion animals but no more...

  14. A survey of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ) and gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) in the selectively logged Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic

    | Contributor(s):: Hicks, T. C., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.

    Currently, the timber company Industrie Forestiere du Batalimo is selectively logging the Ngotto Forest in the Central African Republic. The forest is home to a population of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and provides the Bofi-speaking people of...

  15. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    | Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  16. Behavior as a tool for welfare improvement and conservation management in the endangered lizard ( Gallotia bravoana )

    | Contributor(s):: Mesa-Avila, G., Molina-Borja, M.

    The study assessed the behavior of Gallotia bravoana (La Gomera, Canary Islands, one of the world's most threatened reptiles) to facilitate management decisions and improve welfare during initial stages of a species' recovery plan. The study analyzed - and remote-controlled video cameras filmed -...

  17. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  18. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...

  19. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    | Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  20. Possible costs of radio-tracking a young adult female mantled howler monkey ( Alouatta palliata ) in deciduous habitat of Costa Rican tropical dry forest

    | Contributor(s):: Hilpert, A. L., Jones, C. B.

    Field experiments are required to determine the causes of the patterns identified in this report and their potential threats to the internal validity of field studies on mantled howlers. The literature on biotelemetry suggests that radio collars are likely to have deleterious effects on animals...