Estimation of Dog-bite Rates and Evaluation of Healthcare Seeking Behaviors following Dog Bite, Haiti
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle Johnson, Gerardo Chowell
Background: Haiti has been identified as one of only several countries in the Western Hemisphere in which canine rabies control efforts have succeeded in eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths. In 2016, a study was conducted to test several alternative vaccination methods that may...
Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.
Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...
Assessment of Detection of Potential Dog-Bite Risks in the Home Using a Real-Time Hazard Perception Test
| Contributor(s):: Christley, Robert, Nelson, Georgia, Millman, Caroline, Westgarth, Carri
Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice
| Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling
Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...
Analysis of tooth mark patterns on bone remains caused by wolves (Canis lupus) and domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) for taxonomic identification: A scoping review focused on their value as a forensic tool
| Contributor(s):: Toledo González, Víctor, Ortega Ojeda, Fernando, Fonseca, Gabriel M., García-Ruiz, Carmen, Pérez-Lloret, Pilar
The interaction between canids and humans is not free of conflicts. In Europe, wolf and dog attacks on domestic animals cause social and financial damages. Governments spend significant sums in compensation payments. Some of the allegations of wolf attacks on livestock may be false or difficult...
Insights about the Epidemiology of Dog Bites in a Canadian City Using a Dog Aggression Scale and Administrative Data
| Contributor(s):: Niamh Caffrey, Melanie Rock, Olivia Schmidtz, Doug Anderson, Melissa Parkinson, Sylvia L. Checkley
Dog bites are a public health concern that also implicates animal welfare, with negative outcomes such as rehoming or euthanasia for the animals responsible. Previous research has shown that the severity of dog-bite injuries reflects multiple factors, including the degree of inhibition...
Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update
| Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.
Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs’ stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...
Incidence and characteristics of dog bites in three remote indigenous communities in far North Queensland, Australia, 2006-2011
| Contributor(s):: West, C., Rouen, C.
Dog bites are a worldwide public health concern that can cause serious injury, psychological trauma, disease and death while also affecting animal welfare. This study analyzes dog bite injury data from a clinical file audit performed at Primary Health Care Clinics in three remote Indigenous...
We Say "Tomato," They Say "Woof": The Argument for Abandoning "Provocation" in Dog Bite Statutes
| Contributor(s):: Phyllis Coleman
When a dog bites, state statutes impose liability on his owner for the resulting injuries and/or label the nonhuman animal "dangerous."
A Study of Dog Bites and their Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Nelly N. Lakestani
Previous studies have suggested that children are more at risk of suffering from serious dog bite injuries than adults. In order to generate an overview of characteristics of dog bite victims in Europe, different organisations collecting data on injuries at a national level were contacted in a...
Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community
| Contributor(s):: Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K. Bhowmik, Md. S. Rana, Aung S. Prue Marma, Muhammad B. Hossain, Nitish C. Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed
Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people’s awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating...
Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents
| Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...
How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley
Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...
Young Children’s Interpretation of Dogs’ Emotions and Their Intentions to Approach Happy, Angry, and Frightened Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Aldridge, Grace L., Rose, Sarah E.
The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which young children’s risk of being bitten by a dog is explained by their inability to recognize the dog’s emotion and to behave appropriately around dogs. One hundred and seventeen children, aged 4 to 7 years, were shown 15 images and 15...
Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners
| Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar
Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...
Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...
Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee
Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
| Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison
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| Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...