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Tags: Bites and stings + Mammals

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  1. Estimation of Dog-bite Rates and Evaluation of Healthcare Seeking Behaviors following Dog Bite, Haiti

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gabrielle Johnson, Gerardo Chowell

    Background: Haiti has been identified as one of only several countries in the Western Hemisphere in which canine rabies control efforts have succeeded in eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths. In 2016, a study was conducted to test several alternative vaccination methods that may...

  2. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  3. Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling

    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...

  4. Miniature horse training (Equus caballus) for use in equine assisted therapy, according to equine learning theory

    | Contributor(s):: Rocha Medeiros, B. da, Silva, M. M. da, Zanette, P. R. K., Claus, M. P., Cardoso, J.

  5. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  6. We Say "Tomato," They Say "Woof": The Argument for Abandoning "Provocation" in Dog Bite Statutes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Phyllis Coleman

    When a dog bites, state statutes impose liability on his owner for the resulting injuries and/or label the nonhuman animal "dangerous."

  7. A Study of Dog Bites and their Prevention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nelly N. Lakestani

    Previous studies have suggested that children are more at risk of suffering from serious dog bite injuries than adults. In order to generate an overview of characteristics of dog bite victims in Europe, different organisations collecting data on injuries at a national level were contacted in a...

  8. Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K. Bhowmik, Md. S. Rana, Aung S. Prue Marma, Muhammad B. Hossain, Nitish C. Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed

    Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people’s awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating...

  9. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  10. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley

    Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...

  11. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  12. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  13. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  14. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  15. Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart

    We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...

  16. Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler

    In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...

  17. Public Policy: Community Safety Through Breed Bans?

    | Contributor(s):: Deirdre S. Franklin

    The research performed provided several insights and outcomes that were anticipated in the research question. By analyzing the effects of breed specific legislation (BSL) and the statistics relative to dog bites, dog shelters and rescue groups, it became clear that the BSL does not work. This...

  18. Bites dog people: general characteristics

    | Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova

    The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...

  19. A survey of urban Canadian animal control practices : the effect of enforcement and resourcing on the reported dog bite rate

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy Margaret Clarke

    Dog bites are a serious cause of human injury. Data from the United States of America indicate that about 1.8% of people receive bites each year, and the rate is thought to be increasing disproportionately faster than the dog population. The Canadian dog bite issue is not well documented although...

  20. Warm-Blooded Animal Bites

    | Contributor(s):: R.a. Dieter Jr., Robert S. Dieter, R.a. Dieter Iii, D.L. Dieter

    Background: Domestic animals are the major cause of warm-blooded  animal bites around the world. The dog, the cat and human bites are the  most common animal bites creating major medical and health care  concerns requiring medical treatment. Transmitted zoonotic diseases...