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Tags: Maternal behavior

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  1. Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna

    The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...

  2. Nest-building in sows: Effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Vienola, Kirsi, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna

    Prepartum nesting opportunities may improve maternal characteristics and welfare of sows during parturition and lactation. We investigated the effects of provision of space and nesting material prior to parturition on circulating oxytocin concentrations, maternal characteristics and their...

  3. Nest building and posture changes and activity budget of gilts housed in pens and crates

    Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Vasdal, Guro, Pedersen, Lene Juul

    The aim of the present work was to study nest building, posture changes and the overall activity budget of gilts in pens vs. crates. Twenty-three HB gilts (high piglet survival day 5) and 21 LB gilts (low piglet survival day 5) were video recorded from day 110 in pregnancy to four days after...

  4. Litter competition during nursings and its effect on sow response on Day 2 postpartum

    Contributor(s):: Bozděchová, Barbora, Illmann, Gudrun, Andersen, Inger Lise, Haman, Jiří, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca

    The aim of the present study was to assess neonatal sibling competition during nursing on Day 2 postpartum (pp) as well as its effect on the sow's responses. A total of 41 healthy loose-housed sows and their piglets were directly observed and video recorded for 6h on Day 2 pp. Piglet behaviours...

  5. Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Liu, Hong-gui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, Yun-qing, Zhang, Jun-ling, Bao, Jun

    When sows and their litters are kept outdoors, the maternal ability, including maternal behavior, is very important for piglet health and survival. The aim of this study was to compare part of maternal behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two different conventionally bred Min pig...

  6. Genetic and environmental effects on piglet survival and maternal behaviour of the farrowing sow

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, Emma M., Jarvis, Susan, Sherwood, Lorna, Farish, Marianne, Roehe, Rainer, Lawrence, Alistair B., Edwards, Sandra A.

    There is growing external pressure to abolish the farrowing crate, however alternative farrowing systems need to equal or surpass the performance (i.e. piglet survival) of more restrictive systems. In order to achieve consistent improvement in piglet survival genetic selection strategies...

  7. Ewes are more attentive to their offspring experiencing pain but not stress

    Contributor(s):: Hild, Sophie, Clark, Corinna C. A., Dwyer, Catherine M., Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Mike, Zanella, Adroaldo J.

    The goal of this experiment was to detect if maternal care by ewes could be effective in mitigating psychological or physiological stress or pain in their offspring. We hypothesised that ewes are able to recognise when their offspring undergo an adverse experience and will adapt their maternal...

  8. The early behaviour of cow and calf in an individual calving pen

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim was to investigate the early behaviour in dairy cows and their calves. Thirty-eight multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows and their calves were housed in individual calving pens during the first twelve days post-partum and their behaviour was observed during 24h on days 3, 7 and 11....

  9. Can sow pre-lying communication or good piglet condition prevent piglets from getting crushed?

    Contributor(s):: Melišová, Michala, Illmann, Gudrun, Andersen, Inger Lise, Vasdal, Guro, Haman, Jiří

    This study focused on the impact of sow–piglet communication during pre-lying behaviour and piglet condition on piglet location before the sow was lying down and on the incidence of piglet crushing. Eighteen loose-housed, Yorkshire×Norwegian Landrace sows and their litters were studied on Day 1...

  10. Breed differences in the expression of maternal care at parturition persist throughout the lactation period in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Pickup, Helena E., Dwyer, Cathy M.

    Maternal care plays an important role in the survival of offspring in mammals. In the ewe initial maternal care is expressed by nurturing the young and formation of an exclusive olfactory bond with the lamb. After the neonatal period, maternal care is associated with co-operation with sucking...

  11. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...

  12. Early recognition of offspring vocalisation by mink mothers

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens

    Mink deliver around the same time of year. Consequently, mink dams are exposed to other delivering dams and litters nearby in the same housing facility on farms. In addition, farmers often transfer kits between litters within the first week of life, as levelling large litters is believed to...

  13. What do maternal tests actually test?

    Contributor(s):: Grimberg-Henrici, C. G. E., Czycholl, I., Burfeind, O., Krieter, J.

    Several studies have used behavioural tests to characterise sows regarding their maternal performance. These studies have always chosen a selection of behavioural tests and the combination of tests varied between the studies. In the present study, 47 sows were tested in week 2 and 4 of lactation...

  14. Weaning and separation stress: maternal motivation decreases with litter age and litter size in farmed mink

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens, Sørensen, Dennis D., Larsen, Torben, Palme, Rupert, Hansen, Steffen W.

    The optimal timing of separating the mink dam from the litter is suggested to be a balance between the partly conflicting needs of the mother and the kits. Early removal of the dam or partial removal of the litter may protect the dam against exhaustion. Little is, however, known about dam stress...

  15. The effect of permanent or temporary contact with the lamb and contact with males on the lambing to first ovulation interval in Saint Croix sheep

    Contributor(s):: Orihuela, Agustín, Valdez, Daniela, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo

    The effect of suckling and presence of the lamb, or ram, on the lambing to first ovulation interval in Saint Croix sheep was determined. Ten days after lambing 50 ewes and their lambs were assigned to three different suckling treatments: continuous suckling (CS), restricted suckling (RS),...

  16. Does housing influence maternal behaviour in sows?

    Contributor(s):: Grimberg-Henrici, Charlotte G. E., Büttner, Kathrin, Meyer, Christian, Krieter, Joachim

    Farrowing crates prevent sows during lactation from moving freely and interacting unrestrictedly with their piglets. The aim of this study was to compare sows during lactation in a group-housing system (GH; n=23) and sows in a conventional single-housing system (SH; n=24) with regard to their...

  17. Preference for the mother does not last long after weaning at 3 months of age in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, Rodolfo, Freitas-de-Melo, Aline, Nowak, Raymond, Lévy, Frederic

    Ewes develop a strong selective bond with their offspring, which is set immediately after lambing and maintained until weaning, which in domestic sheep occurs when lambs are 4-5 months old. However, in productive systems lambs are weaned earlier, when they are 2-5 months old. The aim of this...

  18. Prolonged nest building increase the reproductive outcome in American female mink

    Contributor(s):: Schou, Toke Munk, Palme, Rupert, Malmkvist, Jens

    The timing of the onset of maternal-related nest building in American mink is unknown, and it is expected that farmed mink are highly motivated to perform nest building during times with restricted access to nesting material on mink farms. Not fulfilled motivations due to thwarting can lead to...

  19. Nest-building behaviour and activity budgets of sows provided with different materials

    Contributor(s):: Rosvold, Ellen Marie, Newberry, Ruth C., Framstad, Tore, Andersen, Inger-Lise

    Domestic sows are still highly motivated to build a nest before farrowing. Many pig houses have slurry systems that do not allow use of long straw or other bulky materials that could block the drains, which provides an incentive to investigate the functionality of finer-grained materials for nest...

  20. Sow free farrowing behaviour: Experiential, seasonal and individual variation

    Contributor(s):: King, Rebecca L., Baxter, Emma M., Matheson, Stephanie M., Edwards, Sandra A.

    Although sow confinement at farrowing is inherently stressful, farrowing crates remain in widespread commercial use. Sows adapt to their environment, however adaptation may be counter-productive if the farrowing system changes. The current study observed the behaviour of second parity sows...