Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy
Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.
This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats
Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...
Home range, body condition, and survival of rehabilitated raccoons ( Procyon lotor) during their first winter
Contributor(s):: McWilliams, M., Wilson, J. A.
The effects of raccoon ( Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Pushed to the limit: food abundance determines tag-induced harm in penguins
Contributor(s):: Wilson, R. P., Sala, J. E., Gomez-Laich, A., Ciancio, J., Quintana, F.
The energetic costs of animal movement change with body condition, although the consequences of this for foraging efficiency are rarely considered. We deployed externally attached devices to Magellanic penguins ( Spheniscus magellanicus), known to increase the costs of swimming via increased drag...
Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia
Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.
Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...
Human-dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacan, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Eilers, K. H. A. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Ortolani, A., Ortega-Pacheco, A., Boer, I. J. M. de
In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs' behavioural responses towards familiar and...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...
Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.
Condition, survival, and productivity of mule deer in semiarid grassland-woodland in east-central New Mexico
Contributor(s):: Bender, L. C., Boren, J. C., Halbritter, H., Cox, S.
Factors influencing survival of desert mule deer in the greater San Andres Mountains, New Mexico
Contributor(s):: Bender, L. C., Hoenes, B. D., Rodden, C. L.
A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America
Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.
Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...
Diurnal rhythm of feather pecking behaviour and condition of integument in four strains of loose housed laying hens
Contributor(s):: Kjaer, J. B.
2400 chickens from 4 commercial strains, Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL), Norbrid 41 (NB), Lohmann Brown (LB) and ISA Brown (ISA) were reared and kept in aviary systems. Feather pecking behaviour was recorded by time sampling from video recordings at 38 weeks of age and condition of plumage, keel...
Influence of post-calving regrouping strategy on welfare and performance parameters in dairy heifers
Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Wicks, H. C. F., Carson, A. F., McCoy, M. A.
Thirty-six Holstein Friesian heifers (dairy herd replacements) were assigned to one of three regrouping treatments during the post-calving period. In Treatment 1, heifers were introduced individually to an established group of cows and heifers within 24 h of calving ('Single - day 1'). In...
Influences of immunocontraception on time budgets, social behavior, and body condition in feral horses
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Cade, B. S., Hobbs, N. T.
Managers concerned with shrinking habitats and limited resources for wildlife seek effective tools for limiting population growth in some species. Fertility control is one such tool, yet little is known about its impacts on the behavioral ecology of wild, free-roaming animals. We investigated...
Observer ratings: validity and value as a tool for animal welfare research
Contributor(s):: Meagher, R. K.
Ratings by human observers have long been used by animal scientists and veterinarians to assess certain physical traits (e.g. body fat), and can also be applied to the assessment of behaviour and a variety of welfare-relevant variables (e.g. pain responsiveness, alopecia/barbering). Observer...