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  1. Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight

    Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel

    Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  4. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  5. Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats

    Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...

  6. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  7. Effects of sire, dam traits, calf traits, and environment on dystocia and subsequent reproduction of two-year-old heifers

    Contributor(s):: D. J. Colburn, Gene H. Deutscher, Merlyn K. Nielsen, Don C. Adams

    A study was conducted over 3 yr to evaluate effects of sire birth weight EPD, calf birth weight and shape, and heifer pelvic area and weight, individually and in combination, on dystocia and subsequent rebreeding of 2-yr-old heifers. Heifers (n = 550), MARC II yearlings, were assigned for...

  8. Climate affects calf birth weights and calving difficulty

    Contributor(s):: Gene H. Deutscher, Dave Colburn, Rex Davis

    A six-year study was conducted to investigate effects of winter temperatures on two-year-old cows (n=285) and their subsequent calf birth weights and calving difficulty in the spring. The winter of 1992-93 (coldest) was 11 degrees F colder than the winter of 1994-95 (warmest). The coldest winter...

  9. A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method

    Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.

  10. Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.

  11. Indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Agenas, S., Heath, M. F., Nixon, R. M., Wilkinson, J. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  12. Influence of post-calving regrouping strategy on welfare and performance parameters in dairy heifers

    Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Wicks, H. C. F., Carson, A. F., McCoy, M. A.

    Thirty-six Holstein Friesian heifers (dairy herd replacements) were assigned to one of three regrouping treatments during the post-calving period. In Treatment 1, heifers were introduced individually to an established group of cows and heifers within 24 h of calving ('Single - day 1'). In...

  13. The effect of breed and housing system on dairy cow feeding and lying behaviour

    Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.

    In Ireland there is growing interest in managing dairy cows on out-wintering pads (OWPs) during the winter, as a low cost alternative to housing indoors. This study investigated feeding and lying behaviour of two breeds of dairy cow (Holstein-Friesian and Norwegian Red) at pasture (PAS) and in...

  14. An evaluation of mattresses and mats in two dairy units

    Contributor(s):: Chaplin, S. J., Tierney, G., Stockwell, C., Logue, D. N., Kelly, M.

    In order to investigate the relative merits of mats and mattresses in terms of cow comfort, production and performance, 29 cows were housed on ethylethene vinyl acetate mats and 29 on mattresses of loose rubber crumb with a polypropylene cover, at each of 2 similar dairy units of the Scottish...

  15. Physiological and behavioural responses of cows from two beef breeds submitted to different suckling strategies

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Sanz, A.

    This experiment was designed to study the effects of avoiding calf contact and genotype on the metabolic, behavioural and reproductive traits of beef cows during lactation. Fifty-two multiparous cows, 25 Parda de Montana (PA) and 27 Pirenaica (PI), fed at maintenance were assigned from the day...

  16. Intensity of oestrus signalling is the most relevant indicator for animal well-being in high-producing dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Garcia, E., Hultgren, J., Fallman, P., Geust, J., Algers, B., Stilwell, G., Gunnarsson, S., Rodriguez-Martinez, H.

    Full signalling of oestrous behaviour is vital for proper timing of AI and good reproductive performance, currently jeopardized by shorter observations of oestrus behaviour. Alternative indicators including progesterone (P4) recordings on-farm are tested. Oestrous intensity of 37 heifers (H) and...

  17. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  18. The welfare of dairy buffalo. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. de, Grasso, F., Pacelli, C., Napolitano, F., Winckler, C.

    The present paper addresses the issue on buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behavioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal-related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm...

  19. Do different levels of moderate feed deprivation in dairy cows affect feeding motivation?

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K., Davison, D., Matthews, L.

    Dairy cows grazed on pasture are likely to experience seasonal fluctuations in both the quantity and quality of forage available. In order to better understand how the variation in feed supply influences animal welfare, we need to understand the degree of hunger experienced during various levels...

  20. Effects of shelter and body condition on the behaviour and physiology of dairy cattle in winter

    Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A., Kendall, P. E., Webster, J. R., Matthews, L. R.

    Our objective was to understand how body condition and shelter affected behavioural and physiological responses of dairy cattle during winter weather. Twenty non-lactating dairy cows were divided into two groups of 10. Within each group, five animals had a high body condition score (9 out of 10)...