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Tags: Brazil + Threshold Countries

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  1. Toxoplasma gondii in domiciled dogs and cats in urban areas of Brazil: risk factors and spatial distribution

    | Contributor(s):: Arruda, I. F., Millar, P. R., Barbosa, A. da S., Abboud, L. C. de S., Reis, I. C. dos, Moreira, A. S. da C., Guimaraes, M. P. de P., Amendoeira, M. R. R.

  2. The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, J. K. de, Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.

  3. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  4. Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study

    | Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.

    Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community...

  5. Animais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Nos desastres catastróficos relacionados a eventos hidrometeorológicos, ocorrem perdas e danos socioambientais incomensuráveis. Alguns deles têm destaque perante as autoridades que atuam no contexto da emergência e outros não. No Brasil, em geral, os...

  6. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    | Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  7. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish (Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    | Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  8. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  9. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    | Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  10. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours...

  11. Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis

    | Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.

    This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...

  12. Broiler chicken welfare assessment in GLOBALGAP certified and non-certified farms in Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, A., Oliveira Sans, E. C. de, Muller, B. R., Molento, C. F. M.

    Regarding broilers, Brazil is the third largest producer and the leading chicken meat exporter in the world. Independent certifications are required by some importers in the European Union (EU) to guarantee compliance with minimum welfare requirements. Our objective was to compare broiler chicken...

  13. Visitor influence on the behavior of captive greater rheas (Rhea americana, Rheidae Aves)

    | Contributor(s):: Azevedo, C. S. de, Lima, M. F. F., Silva, V. C. A. da, Young, R. J., Rodrigues, M.

    Visitors can affect and reduce the welfare of nonhuman animals. The Belo Horizonte Zoo, Brazil, had a group of greater rheas intended for reintroduction to the wild. Because this group received public visitation, evaluating its effect on the birds' behavior and welfare was important. The study...

  14. Management, health, and abnormal behaviors of horses: a survey in small equestrian centers in Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Leme, D. P., Parsekian, A. B. H., Kanaan, V., Hotzel, M. J.

    Care conditions of horses housed in small equestrian establishments and the occurrence of health and behavioral problems were assessed in 197 animals. Based on questionnaires and direct observations of the animals, it was noted that 8% of all animals were fed exclusively on pasture, whereas 92%...

  15. A review of hippotherapy horse diseases from 2006 to 2010 in Uruguaiana-RS

    | Contributor(s):: Silva, M. N. G. da, Duarte, C. A., Folchini, N. P., Mistieri, M. L. de A., Freitas, G. S. R. de, Sodre, L. A. D.

  16. Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009

    | Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.

  17. Cruelty towards domestic cats

    | Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.

  18. Demographic characterization of supervised dog and cat populations in Sao Paulo city, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Canatto, B. D., Silva, E. A., Bernardi, F., Mendes, M. C. N. C., Paranhos, N. T., Dias, R. A.

  19. Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, G. A., Pinto, M. L., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Genaro, G.

  20. Early stage animal hoarders: are these owners of large numbers of adequately cared for cats?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Cristina Ramos, N.O. Da Cruz, Sarah L.H. Ellis, J.A.E. Hernandez, Archivaldo Reche-Junior

    Animal hoarding is a spectrum-based condition in which hoarders are often reported to have had normal and appropriate pet-keeping habits in childhood and early adulthood. Historically, research has focused largely on well-established clinical animal hoarders with little work targeted towards...