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  1. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  2. Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study

    Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.

    Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...

  3. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  4. Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    | Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open and...

  5. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  6. Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao

    | Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.

    A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...

  7. Cats abandonment versus adoptionAbandono de gatos versus adocao

    | Contributor(s):: Pinheiro, A. G., Alves, N. D., Andrade Neto, D., Lima, J. L. A. de, Rodrigues, A. M. B., Silva, F. B.

    This study was conducted to determine the pattern and factors affecting of cat abandonment and adoption in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that most of the respondents' cats were abandoned prior to being adopted. Other cats were obtained as gifts, purchased or adopted...

  8. Knowledge about the penalties imposed people who mistreat animalsConhecimento sobre as penalidades aplicadas as pessoas que maltratam animais

    | Contributor(s):: Lima, J. L. A. de, Alves, N. D., Amora, S. S. A., Lima, C. T. A. de, Torres, L. F., Melo, F. da C. S.

    A survey was conducted to determine the knowledge level of penalties for animal cruelty in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that 60% of respondents said they knew animals had legislative protection, while 40% were unaware of this. 18% said they knew some animal...

  9. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  10. Population estimate and surgical sterilization program for cats and dogsEstimativa populacional e programa de esterilizacao cirurgica de caes e gatos

    | Contributor(s):: Catapan, D. C., Villanova Junior, J. A., Weber, S. H., Mangrich, R. M. V., Szczypkovski, A. D., Catapan, A., Pimpao, C. T.

    The objectives of this study were to estimate the population of dogs and cats evaluate whether sociocultural indicators influence the attitudes of responsible ownership and verify the impact of surgical sterilizations performed in Sao Jose dos Pinhais/PR. The estimation was carried out in six...

  11. The contribution of broiler chicken welfare certification at farm level to enhancing overall animal welfare: the case of Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, A. P. O., Molento, C. F. M.

    The intensification of farm animal welfare debate has led to an increasing number of certification schemes covering this issue; however, there are concerns about the contribution of these schemes in improving welfare. The aims of this study were to identify certification schemes for broiler...

  12. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    | Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  13. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    | Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  14. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  15. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    | Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  16. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats ( Rattus norvegicus)

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours were...

  17. Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis

    | Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.

    This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...

  18. Broiler chicken welfare assessment in GLOBALGAP certified and non-certified farms in Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, A., Oliveira Sans, E. C. de, Muller, B. R., Molento, C. F. M.

    Regarding broilers, Brazil is the third largest producer and the leading chicken meat exporter in the world. Independent certifications are required by some importers in the European Union (EU) to guarantee compliance with minimum welfare requirements. Our objective was to compare broiler chicken...

  19. The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries

    | Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.

    Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...

  20. Avaliacao comportamental de caes participantes de Atividade Assistida por Animais (AAA)

    | Contributor(s):: Policarpo, F. da S., Anciute, A. N., Lima, C. S., Zambarda, T. T., Tillmann, M. T., Nobre, M. de O.

    The Animal Assisted Activity (AAA), which uses dogs, is spreading in various projects across the country, and among them stands out the Pet Therapy project, which is in existence since 2006 at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Federal University of Pelotas. It has the participation of...