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  1. Selection for temperament in sheep: Domain-general and context-specific traits

    Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Blache, Dominique, Stafford, Kevin J., Mellor, David J., Noble, Alasdair D. L.

    Sheep at the University of Western Australia have been selectively bred for behavioral responses to isolation and human presence in an arena test, resulting in the creation of two divergent lines: More Active (MA) and Less Active (LA). The aim of this study was to determine whether selection was...

  2. Using the mini C-BARQ to investigate the effects of puppy farming on dog behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to, Animals, Williams, Joanne M.

    High demand for dogs in countries like the UK can lead to illegal intensive breeding and illegal importation of puppies for the pet trade. The current study investigates the effects of intensive breeding or 'puppy farming' on canine behaviour, explores new ways of predicting negative outcomes and...

  3. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  4. Regulating and representing vagrant curs and purebred dogs in Toronto,1867-1910

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Anne Margaret Sauermann

    This thesis examines parallel canine narratives, the story of the city cur and the story of the purebred dog, to argue that the dog was entangled in a broader discourse of governmentality and modernity in the city. In the City of Toronto, between 1867 and 1910, the unruly dog came to be conceived...

  5. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  6. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    | Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  7. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  8. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    | Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  9. Effects of different dietary protein levels during rearing and different dietary energy levels during lay on behaviour and feather cover in broiler breeder females

    | Contributor(s):: Emous, R. A. van, Kwakkel, R., Krimpen, M. van, Hendriks, W.

    An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different dietary protein levels during rearing and different dietary energy levels during lay on behaviour and feather cover in broiler breeder females. A 2*3*2 factorial arrangement of treatments was used. A total of 2880 Ross 308...

  10. Pregnant cattle associations and links to maternal reciprocity

    | Contributor(s):: Swain, D. L., Patison, K. P., Heath, B. M., Bishop-Hurley, G. J., Finger, A.

    Cattle are a highly gregarious species that form strong social connections. Social support following calving serves to increase offspring survival and conception rates for the following breeding season. It has been shown that cattle change their association preferences following calving, but the...

  11. The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.

    The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...

  12. Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach

    | Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.

    Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...

  13. Feed-restricted broiler breeders: state-dependent learning as a novel welfare assessment tool to evaluate their hunger state?

    | Contributor(s):: Buckley, L. A., Sandilands, V., Hocking, P. M., Tolkamp, B. J., D'Eath, R. B.

    This paper reports three experiments that aimed to validate the use of state-dependent learning (SDL) as a novel welfare assessment tool to evaluate the hunger state of feed-restricted broiler breeders. In each experiment, birds alternated every 2 days between two food rations: quantitative feed...

  14. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  15. Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation

    | Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.

    This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...

  16. Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter

    | Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.

    There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...

  17. Using fecal hormonal and behavioral analyses to evaluate the introduction of two sable antelope at Lincoln Park Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Loeding, E., Thomas, J., Bernier, D., Santymire, R.

    Introductions of sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) can be difficult due to the potential ensuing aggression compounded by their large horns. The goal was to use hormonal assays and behavioral analyses to evaluate the success of an introduction of 2 adult females at Lincoln Park Zoo. The...

  18. Do cats from established breeds behave differently toward humans than outbred cats?

    | Contributor(s):: Asselineau, B., Abitbol, M., Deputte, B. L.

  19. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  20. Importance of personality traits in horses to breeders and riders

    | Contributor(s):: Graf, P., Borstel, U. K. von, Gauly, M.

    Especially in horses, personality traits play an important role because horses' behavior influences their quality as a riding partner. In contrast to that, no objective assessment of horses' personality traits is available at present. Although initial efforts are made in this field, a successful...