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  1. Battle of the Sexes in Best of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs' Success in the Show Ring

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany J.Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy

    Much of the research on pedigree dog breeding has been directed towards understanding the implications of reduced genetic diversity and the prevalence of inherited disorders. An example is the potential role of the popular sire effect in perpetuating genetic defects. If male dogs are more...

  2. Environmental Impacts of One Puppy Mill Among Many: A Case History

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John A. Gill

    In recent decades, the animal welfare aspects of irresponsibly-managed commercial dog-breeding businesses have attracted national attention, prompting legislative and regulatory actions. However, the environmental impacts of such businesses, also known as puppy mills, have received far less...

  3. A Solution for the Shortage of Detection Dogs: A Detector Dog Center of Excellence and a Cooperative Breeding Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eldin A. Leighton, Elizabeth Hare, Scott Thomas, L. Paul Waggoner, Cynthia M Otto

    Currently, demand for US-bred and born detector dogs exceeds available supply, while reliance on foreign-bred sources introduces many unnecessary and unwanted risks. With proper management of a domestic supply line, U.S. breeders can improve both health and behavior by applying scientific...

  4. In the Eye of the Beholder: Owner Preferences for Variations in Cats' Appearances with Specific Focus on Skull Morphology

    | Contributor(s):: Mark J Farnworth, Rowena M.A. Packer, Lorena Sordo, Ruoning Chen, Sarah M. A. Caney, Danielle A Gunn-Moore

    Changes in the popularity of cat breeds are largely driven by human perceptions of, and selection for, phenotypic traits including skull morphology. The popularity of breeds with altered skull shapes appears to be increasing, and owner preferences are an important part of this dynamic. This...

  5. The Case For Consideration of Animal Rights and Ethics to Reform the Commercial Dog Breeding Industry

    | Contributor(s):: Nicholas Ian Waychoff

  6. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  7. The human horse: equine husbandry, anthropomorphic hierarchies, and daily life in Lower Saxony, 1550-1735

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Eisemann

    This dissertation examines how human-animal relationships were formed through daily equine trade networks in early modern Germany. As reflections of human cultural values and experiences, these relationships had a significant impact in early modern Braunschweig-Lüneburg both on the practice...

  8. The dogs of Roman Vindolanda, Part II: Time-stratigraphic occurrence, ethnographic comparisons, and biotype reconstruction

    | Contributor(s):: Deb Bennett, Robert M. Timm

    The Roman fort–village complex at Vindolanda in northern England has yielded extensive well-preserved remains of domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. Herein, we pose the questions—did the Romans breed for distinctive dog morphotypes, or were dogs breeding panmictically; and if dogs were...

  9. The Pedigree Dog Breeding Debate in Ethics and Practice : Beyond Welfare Arguments

    | Contributor(s):: Bernice Bovenkerk, Hanneke J Nijland

    Pedigree dog breeding has been the subject of public debate due to health problems caused by breeding for extreme looks and the narrow genepool of many breeds. Our research aims to provide insights in order to further the animal-ethical, political and society-wide discussion regarding the future...

  10. New trends in feline breeding : (Literature review)

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Jasmin Busse

    A responsible breeder will first assure that all the environmental circumstances are given for his cats to live in a healthy, stress free environment, with the substantial care he can provide them. He will have good knowledge of his breeds and their genetic beckground and adjust his breeding...

  11. Fine dogs the project

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Catalina Perilla Suarez

    For years, the human animal has called the dog as man's best friend, but what does this honestly refer to? What is the relation of the human animal to the dog? How many years ago did the call begin, domestication? , In my project I will solve these questions, in addition to entering the field...

  12. Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam

    | Contributor(s):: Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel

    Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...

  13. How much is that doggie in the window : the true cost of puppy mills

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Daiker

    Each year, over a million dogs are euthanized in shelters while millions of dogs are bred in puppy mills all over the country. Without sufficient regulation, both the dogs being bred and the puppies sold are victims of dozens of injuries and health concerns. The dogs in puppy mills are bred...

  14. Breeding Change: Cats, Culture, Conservation: Yin Myo Su at TEDxInyaLake

    | Contributor(s):: Yin Myo Su

    Yin Myo Su was born in beautiful Inle Lake in Myanmar with its unique heritage of lake rowers, floating gardens and breathtaking natural beauty. She gives a personal and heartfelt talk about how conservation and business are linked and how a chain of events took her from being a student...

  15. Regulating and representing vagrant curs and purebred dogs in Toronto,1867-1910

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Anne Margaret Sauermann

    This thesis examines parallel canine narratives, the story of the city cur and the story of the purebred dog, to argue that the dog was entangled in a broader discourse of governmentality and modernity in the city. In the City of Toronto, between 1867 and 1910, the unruly dog came to be conceived...

  16. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  17. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    | Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  18. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  19. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    | Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  20. Object Neophilia in Domestic Purebred Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lydia Kniowski

    Neophilia is defined as a preference for novelty. This characteristic has been described in a variety of animal species, and may have been a contributing factor in the domestication of dogs. This study tested three purebred dog breeds for neophilia with inanimate objects. Observations of...