"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Pet ownership, attitude toward pets, and support for wildlife management strategies
| Contributor(s):: Shuttlewood, C. Z., Greenwell, P. J., Montrose, V. T.
Pet ownership affects engagement with animal-related activities and may be related to support of wildlife management. British participants ( N=220) completed an online survey providing information on pet ownership, attitudes toward pets, and support for wildlife management strategies. Within this...
The morality of livestock farming: a view from the British farmers' standpoints
| Contributor(s):: Fukuda, K.
This article describes how livestock farmers respond to moral enquiries about their means of livelihood, by referring to ethnographic data collected in the Scottish Borders. The focus is on three controversial aspects of livestock farming: welfare issues of intensive farming methods, guilt about...
A new questionnaire examining general attitudes toward animals in Cyprus and the United Kingdom
| Contributor(s):: Zalaf, A., Egan, V.
A review of the animal welfare literature indicates that all the current measures used to evaluate it have limitations in how they assess attitudes toward animals and their care. Few studies have examined animal welfare outside non-Western nations, although attitudes toward animals and their...
Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership
| Contributor(s):: Green, E.
Tree cover and injurious feather-pecking in commercial flocks of free-range laying hens: a follow up
| Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Gill, R., Willings, T. H.
Injurious feather-pecking in non-cage systems is a serious economic and welfare concern for the egg-producing industry. This study presents results from data of over 1,000 flocks from producers who supplied free-range eggs to McDonald's Restaurants Ltd UK between 2008 and 2013. These producers...
Consumer attitudes to injurious pecking in free-range egg production
| Contributor(s):: Bennett, R. M., Jones, P. J., Nicol, C. J., Tranter, R. B., Weeks, C. A.
Free-range egg producers face continuing problems from injurious pecking (IP) which has financial consequences for farmers and poor welfare implications for birds. Beak-trimming has been practised for many years to limit the damage caused by IP, but with the UK Government giving notification that...
An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders
| Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.
This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
| Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
Assessing changes in the UK pet cat and dog populations: numbers and household ownership
| Contributor(s):: Murray, J. K., Gruffydd-Jones, T. J., Roberts, M. A., Browne, W. J.
The main aim of this study was to replicate methodology used to estimate the size of the UK pet cat and dog populations in 2006 and the proportion of households owning cats/dogs in 2007, to produce updated data to compare trends in ownership and population sizes. A cross-sectional study design...
Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance
| Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.
Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...
Pastoral power and the limits of Victorian nonhuman animal protection
| Contributor(s):: Feuerstein, A.
This paper argues that the Christian discourse disseminated by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (rspca) in the early Victorian period represents nonhuman animals as complicit in their own subjection. Using Foucault's notion of pastoral power - a power of care - we can...
An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units
| Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.
Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...
Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow
| Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.
High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...
The history of the camel bone dating project
| Contributor(s):: Grigson, C.
The results obtained by the AMS laboratory in Oxford for the 'Camel Bone Dating Project' are summarized and discussed.
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
| Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...