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  1. Preliminary investigation of food guarding behavior in shelter dogs in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Mohan-Gibbons, H., Weiss, E., Slater, M.

    A survey given to animal shelters across the US reported food bowl guarding as one of the most common reasons for euthanasia and only 34% attempted to modify this guarding behavior. This study identified 96 dogs that guarded their food bowl during an assessment, and then placed them into a home...

  2. Risk factors for dog relinquishment to a Los Angeles municipal animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Dolan, E. D., Scotto, J., Slater, M., Weiss, E.

    Dog relinquishment is a large component of shelter intake in the United States. Research has shown traits of the dog are associated with relinquishment as well as general characteristics of those relinquishing. Low income is often cited as a risk factor for relinquishment. The majority of people...

  3. Voices from behind prison walls: the impact of training service dogs on women in prison

    Contributor(s):: Minton, C. A., Perez, P. R., Miller, K.

    This study investigated the effects that training service dogs had on women in a multi-level security prison in California. Through semi-structured interviews, the inmates discussed the challenges and benefits of involvement in this program. The findings suggested that participation in training...

  4. Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters

    Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.

    A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from domestic...

  5. GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.

    The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...

  6. Prediction of adoption versus euthanasia among dogs and cats in a California animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Lepper, M., Kass, P. H., Hart, L. A.

    The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the determinants of adoption for cats and dogs from a large municipal animal shelter. The subjects were 4813 cats and 3301 dogs impounded by the Sacramento County Department of Animal Care and Regulation and offered for adoption...

  7. Space use as an indicator of enclosure appropriateness in African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus)

    Contributor(s):: Hunter, S. C., Gusset, M., Miller, L. J., Somers, M. J.

    A clear understanding of space use is required to more fully understand biological requirements of nonhuman animals in zoos, aid the design of exhibits, and maximize the animals' welfare. This study used electivity indexes to assess space use of two packs of African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus) and...

  8. Personality assessment in African elephants ( Loxodonta africana): comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Kuczaj, S. A., II

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480 h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined...

  9. Early life exposures to home dampness, pet ownership and farm animal contact and neuropsychological development in 4 year old children: a prospective birth cohort study

    Contributor(s):: Casas, L., Torrent, M., Zock, J. P., Doekes, G., Forns, J., Guxens, M., Taubel, M., Heinrich, J., Sunyer, J.

  10. The effects of GPS collars on African elephant (Loxodonta africana) behavior at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

    Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Kuczaj, S. A., II, Anderson, M.

  11. Validating methods to determine walking rates of elephants within a zoological institution

    Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Anderson, M.

  12. The human-canine environment: a risk factor for non-play bites?

    Contributor(s):: Messam, L. L. M., Kass, P. H., Chomel, B. B., Hart, L. A.

    Few dog bite risk factor studies have been conducted. This veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study was aimed at identifying human-canine environmental risk factors for non-play bites in Kingston, Jamaica (660) and San Francisco (SF), USA (452). Data were analysed using modified Poisson...

  13. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  14. Dog Ownership Enhances Symptomatic Responses to Air Pollution in Children with Asthma

    Contributor(s):: McConnell, Rob, Berhane, Kiros, Molitor, Jassy, Gilliland, Frank, Kuenzli, Nino, Thorne, Peter, Thomas, Duncan, Gauderman, WJames, Avol, Edward, Lurmann, Fred, Rappaport, Edward, Jerrett, Michael, Peters, John

  15. Factors influencing hair loss among female captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta )

    Contributor(s):: Beisner, B. A., Isbell, L. A.

    Although rare among wild animals, hair loss is common among captive animals, which suggests that some aspect of the captive environment contributes to abnormal hair loss. Female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC) housed in outdoor...

  16. Ethics in agricultural research

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, P. B.

    Utilitarian ethics provide a model for evaluating moral responsibility in agricultural research decisions according to the balance of costs and benefits accruing to the public at large. Given the traditions and special requirements of agricultural research planning, utilitarian theory is well...

  17. Characterisation of plant eating in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Sueda, K. L. C., Hart, B. L., Cliff, K. D.

    Grass or plant eating is a widely recognized behaviour amongst domestic dogs. We first estimated the prevalence of plant eating by administering a written survey to owners of healthy dogs visiting the outpatient service of a veterinary medical teaching hospital for routine health maintenance...

  18. Effect of suckling ('restricted suckling') on dairy cows' udder health and milk let-down and their calves' weight gain, feed intake and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Froberg, S., Gratte, E., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Olsson, I., Berg, C., Orihuela, A., Galina, C. S., Garcia, B., Lidfors, L.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of restricted suckling (RS) in Holstein cattle on the weight gain, health and behaviour of calves and on udder health and milk let-down in cows compared to artificial rearing (AR). The study was conducted in Mexico. The 27 cows with calves were...

  19. Dog training as a violence prevention tool for at-risk adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Zasloff, R. L., Hart, L. A., Weiss, J. M.

    Humane education programs often target at-risk children and seek to teach empathy and gentleness with animals, but few of these have been assessed. This prospective, longitudinal study examined the effects of "Teaching Love and Compassion" (TLC), a humane education program employing educational...

  20. Embodying anthropomorphism: contextualizing commonality in the material landscape

    Contributor(s):: Lulka, D.

    The status of anthropomorphism has changed in recent decades, allowing for in-depth consideration of its meaning and salience. Advocates of anthropomorphism have put forth a series of scientific and theoretical arguments to establish the concept's legitimacy. Nonetheless, while many advocates of...