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  1. Avian reactions towards human approaches in different urban greenery structures in Nanaimo

    Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.

    Urban green spaces are vital for human quality of life and urban avian ecology. In consequence, these areas attract cutting edge research on human/animal relations and the human roles in avian foraging grounds. However, few studies of bird reactions to human presence have included bird adaptation...

  2. The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study

    Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.

    Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...

  3. Effect of adopters' lifestyles and animal-care knowledge on their expectations prior to companion-animal guardianship

    Contributor(s):: O'Connor, R., Coe, J. B., Niel, L., Jones-Bitton, A.

    Human expectations can greatly affect the human-companion animal relationship, sometimes putting nonhuman animals at risk for relinquishment. At 20 animal shelters in Southern Ontario, Canada, potential adopters ( N=234) completed a questionnaire regarding their lifestyle, companion animal-care...

  4. Shelter-specific occupational stress among employees in animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, M., Roberts, J.

    In the past 10 years a small number of articles have examined the personal and organizational costs associated with euthanasia-related strain among employees in animal shelters. However, there is very little research focusing on a wider range of potential stressors especially without a...

  5. A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care

    Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.

    Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...

  6. Living with transgenic animals

    Contributor(s):: Clark, J. L.

  7. Hotel pet policies: an assessment of willingness to pay for travelling with a pet

    Contributor(s):: Taillon, J., MacLaurin, T., Yun, DongKoo

    This study examined hotel customers' willingness to pay for travelling with a pet. Data were collected from an online survey of 595 Canadian respondents who own a pet and are not involved professionally with pets. The results of this study show that individuals who were identified as having a...

  8. The helping horse: how equine assisted learning contributes to the wellbeing of First Nations youth in treatment for volatile substance misuse

    Contributor(s):: Adams, C., Arratoon, C., Boucher, J., Cartier, G., Chalmers, D., Dell, C. A., Dell, D., Dryka, D., Duncan, R., Dunn, K., Hopkins, C., Longclaws, L., MacKinnon, T., Sauve, E., Spence, S., Wuttunee, M.

    There has been recent interest in Canada exploring the benefits of equine assisted interventions in the treatment of First Nations youth who misuse volatile substances. Using the richness of an exploratory case study involving the White Buffalo Youth Inhalant Treatment Centre and the Cartier...

  9. Pasteurella species peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: household pets as a risk factor

    Contributor(s):: Poliquin, P. G., Lagace-Wiens, P., Verrelli, M., Allen, D. W., Embil, J. M.

    BACKGROUND: Pasteurella species are Gram-negative coccobacilli that are a part of the normal oropharyngeal flora of numerous domestic animals. They have been recognized as a rare but significant cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). A consensus about management...

  10. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  11. The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions

    Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.

    The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...

  12. Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.

    Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...

  13. How is animal welfare addressed in Canada's emergency response plans?

    Contributor(s):: Wittnich, C., Belanger, M.

    In 2005, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita clearly revealed that even in the United States the welfare of companion animals and nonhuman animals in the wild, zoo, or aquarium was not considered within the evacuation plans for their human caretakers (owners). The lack of proper planning and trained...

  14. Levels of citation of nonhuman animal studies conducted at a Canadian Research hospital

    Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I., Seidle, T. K.

    The publication of scientific articles that receive few or no citations raises questions of the appropriate use of resources as well as ethics. In the case of animal research, the ethics issue extends beyond human patients to nonhuman animals, as the research subjects them to pain and, typically,...

  15. Special welfare concerns in countries dependent on live animal trade: the real foreign animal disease emergency for Canada

    Contributor(s):: Whiting, T. L.

    Any outbreak of an Office International des Epizooties trade-disrupting (previously List-A) disease, such as classical swine fever or foot and mouth disease in a previously disease-free region can have severe consequences for nonhuman animal welfare. In addition to animals destroyed for the...

  16. Attitudes of Canadian pig producers toward animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.

    As part of a larger study eliciting Canadian producer and non-producer views about animal welfare, open-ended, semi-structured interviews were used to explore opinions about animal welfare of 20 Canadian pig producers, most of whom were involved in confinement-based systems. With the exception of...

  17. Consumer choice and farmers' markets

    Contributor(s):: Dodds, R., Holmes, M., Arunsopha, V., Chin, N., Le, T., Maung, S., Shum, M.

    The increasing popularity of local food consumption can be attributed to the heightened awareness of food safety concerns, carbon emissions produced from food transportation, and an understanding of how large corporations' obtain their food supplies. Although there is increasing discussion on...

  18. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes

    Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.

    Objective: To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design: A questionnaire was distributed to parents of children diagnosed with cancer (immunocompromised; n=80) or diabetes (immunocompetent; n=251)...

  19. Operationalizing ethics in food choice decisions

    Contributor(s):: Hepting, D. H., Jaffe, J., Maciag, T.

    There is a large gap between attitude and action when it comes to consumer purchases of ethical food. Amongst the various aspects of this gap, this paper focuses on the difficulty in knowing enough about the various dimensions of food production, distribution and consumption to make an ethical...

  20. Herds and hierarchies: class, nature, and the social construction of horses in equestrian culture

    Contributor(s):: Coulter, K.

    This study centers on equestrian show culture in Ontario, Canada, and examines how horses are entangled symbolically and materially in socially constructed hierarchies of value. After examining horse-show social relations and practices, the paper traces the connections among equestrian culture,...