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  1. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  2. Aplicabilidad del protocolo Welfare Quality® para medir bienestar animal en crianzas de sistemas de producción de bovinos de leche nacionales

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claudia Andrea Bottaro Morosetti

    En este trabajo se estudia la aplicabilidad en Chile, del protocolo diseñado por el proyecto Welfare Quality ® para evaluar el bienestar animal en crianzas de bovinos de leche. Para esto, se aplicaron en 13 lecherías del país, cuatro pruebas directas (Distancia de Fuga...

  3. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  4. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    | Contributor(s):: Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  5. Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres

    Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....

  6. Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea

    This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...

  7. Animal Welfare Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Stockpersons in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Wambui, Joseph, Lamuka, Peter, Karuri, Edward, Matofari, Joseph

    The stockpersons handling the transportation of animals between farms and slaughterhouses are rarely assessed for their animal welfare knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Thus, this investigation presents a unique opportunity to study these interactions. Herein, a cross-sectional survey...

  8. What is the relationship between level of infection and ‘sickness behaviour’ in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, Ollie, Kyriazakis, Ilias

    We hypothesised that a range of parasite doses that cause subclinical disease would lead to similar behavioural changes in cattle. This was tested by infecting bull calves with one of four different doses of the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi: 0 (control), 75,000 (L), 150,000 (M)...

  9. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.

    Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...

  10. Play behavior as an indicator of animal welfare: Disbudding in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Mintline, Erin M., Stewart, Mairi, Rogers, Andrea R., Cox, Neil R., Verkerk, Gwyneth A., Stookey, Joseph M., Webster, James R., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Play behavior may be reduced during negative experiences (e.g. pain) and serve as an indicator of animal welfare. To test this, the effects of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a local anesthetic (LA) on dairy calf play behavior and wound sensitivity of calves after hot-iron...

  11. Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight

    | Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel

    Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...

  12. Locomotor activity of dairy cows in relation to season and lactation

    | Contributor(s):: Brzozowska, Anna, Łukaszewicz, Marek, Sender, Grażyna, Kolasińska, Dorota, Oprządek, Jolanta

    All systems recording activity of cattle measure it independently of environmental and animal factors. Such recordings may hide differences in activity caused by extraneous interferences or may be inaccurately interpreted. The information produced by sensors could be more accurate, if behaviour...

  13. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet

    The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...

  14. Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, Enda M., MacWhite, Teresa, Maher, Peter K., Kelly, David J., Marples, Nicola M., Good, Margaret

    The proximity of badgers (Meles meles) to cattle, and their propensity to utilise pastures containing cattle, is of fundamental importance in understanding transmission possibilities for Mycobacterium bovis between a wildlife reservoir and cattle on farms. A study of free-ranging badgers carrying...

  15. Fear responses to novelty in testing environments are related to day-to-day activity in the home environment in dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: MacKay, Jill R. D., Haskell, Marie J., Deag, John M., van Reenen, Kees

    Behavioural tests for cattle take time to perform and can be stressful for the animals but are currently the only way of assessing behavioural reactions to fear-causing stimuli in a standardised manner. It may be possible to use behavioural data collected remotely in the home pen environment...

  16. Effects of different systems of feeding supplements on time budgets of cows grazing restricted pasture allowances

    | Contributor(s):: Hetti Arachchige, Anoma D., Fisher, Andrew D., Auldist, Martin J., Wales, William J., Jongman, Ellen C.

    Farm systems that use a feed-pad for delivering mixed-rations to dairy cows are becoming more common in countries with primarily pasture-based dairy systems, such as Australia. However, feeding a ration on a feed-pad may alter cows’ key daily behaviours such as grazing, ruminating and resting,...

  17. The effect of a view to the surroundings and microclimate variables on use of a loafing area in housed dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Haskell, Marie J., Masłowska, Katarzyna, Bell, David J., Roberts, David J., Langford, Fritha M.

    There is concern that cows that are continuously housed year-round may lack the opportunity to express a full range of natural behaviour. Providing these cows with a loafing or exercise area may allow them the space to express a greater behavioural repertoire. Little is known about the factors...

  18. Does housing nulliparous dairy cows with multiparous animals prior to calving influence welfare- and production-related parameters after calving?

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, Alastair R., Ferris, Conrad P., O’Connell, Niamh E.

    The aim of this experiment was to determine the effects of housing nulliparous cows with non-lactating multiparous cows during the pre-calving period, on welfare and production-related parameters during the post calving period. Twenty nulliparous Holstein Friesian dairy cattle were assigned to...

  19. The correlation of Qualitative Behavior Assessments with Welfare Quality® protocol outcomes in on-farm welfare assessment of dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Andreasen, S. N., Wemelsfelder, F., Sandøe, P., Forkman, B.

    The effort to develop methods for assessing animal welfare at farm level has grown dramatically since the end of the 1990s, culminating in the protocols developed by the European-wide project Welfare Quality® (WQ). However, these protocols are time consuming and lack transparency in how scores...

  20. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    | Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...