The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle
Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.
By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
The interaction of the pantaneiro man with his horse.
| Contributor(s):: RS Juliano, SA Santos, UGP de Abreu, Rams Silva, MTBD Araujo
The importance of the Pantaneiro horse for the man who lives in the field, creating and working the cattle, is evident and it is an interface of pantanal everyday life, still little studied, under the specific perspective of science. The text brings information from the literature and from...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
| Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
| Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.
Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes
| Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
| Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
| Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
| Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings
| Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.
Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
How to train a dog to detect cows in heat-training and success
| Contributor(s):: Johnen, D., Heuwieser, W., Fischer-Tenhagen, C.
Efficient and accurate estrus detection is a key management factor determining acceptable reproductive performance in dairy herds. Previous studies have shown that dogs can differentiate between vaginal mucus samples of cows in estrus and vaginal mucus samples of cows in diestrus with an accuracy...
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
| Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
| Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
| Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...