The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: Practical implications for cattle production within the United States
Contributor(s):: Coetzee, Johann F.
Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....
Preference of dairy cows: Indoor cubicle housing with access to a total mixed ration vs. access to pasture
Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, Steven Mark, East, Martyn, Sinclair, Liam A.
Cattle are grazing animals so it is generally assumed that pasture is a welfare friendly system as it is natural and allows the expression of normal behaviour, which may be restricted indoors. However, high yielding dairy cows may not be able to fulfil their nutritional demands from grass alone...
Lying laterality and the effect of IceTag data loggers on lying behaviour of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, Jenny, Medrano-Galarza, Catalina, Marie de Passillé, Anne, Rushen, Jeffrey
Lying behaviour is a useful indicator of cow comfort, but can be time consuming to measure. Data loggers are commonly used to automatically record behavioural activity but may influence the animal's behaviour. We investigated the effect of a new model of the IceTag data logger (IceTag Sensor,...
In pursuit of “normal”: A review of the behaviour of cattle at pasture
Contributor(s):: Kilgour, Robert J.
One of the “Five Freedoms” proposed by the Farm Animal Welfare Council in Great Britain is that animals should be free to express normal behaviour. For various domesticated species, the study of still-existing wild ancestors has been one approach in the definition of normal. However, for...
Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Siivonen, Jutta, Taponen, Suvi, Hovinen, Mari, Pastell, Matti, Lensink, B. Joop, Pyörälä, Satu, Hänninen, Laura
Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...
Behavioural reactions before and during vaginal examination in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Pilz, Madlen, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola, Thiele, Gerhard, Tinge, Harm, Lotz, Fabian, Heuwieser, Wolfgang
Vaginal examinations are routine procedures on dairy farms to diagnose pregnancy or puerperal diseases. Cows express their discomfort in certain situations with discrete behavioural reactions. These reactions can be described in their occurrence and extent. Although there is evidence that human...
The behaviour of beef cattle at pasture
Contributor(s):: Kilgour, Robert J., Uetake, Katsuji, Ishiwata, Toshie, Melville, Gavin J.
One of the Five Freedoms established by the British Farm Animal Welfare Council is the freedom for animals to express normal behaviour. However, for beef cattle, the major problem with this is to establish what constitutes “normal”. In the absence of surviving wild ancestors, the best that can be...
BOARD-INVITED REVEIW: Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry- A focus on fed cattle
Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.
Effects of surface type in an uncovered stand-off pad system on comfort and welfare of non-lactating dairy cows during winter
Contributor(s):: Al-Marashdeh, Omar, Cameron, Keith C., Bryant, Racheal H., Chen, Ao, McGowan, Briar, Gillé-Perrier, Corentine, Carey, Peter, Chrystal, Jane, Hodge, Simon, Edwards, Grant R.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of stand-off surface type on cow lying behaviour, cleanliness and lameness. One hundred and sixty Friesian × Jersey crossbreed, pregnant non-lactating dairy cows were blocked into five groups of 32 cows and randomly assigned to one of five...
Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump
Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...
The effects of positive human contact by tactile stimulation on dairy cows with different personalities
| Contributor(s):: Shahin, Munira
The understanding of the ways in which cows with different personalities perceive human contact is essential for improving the quality of the human-animal relationship and therefore the welfare of dairy cows. The general objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of tactile stimulation...
Behavioural responses to cow-calf separation: The effect of nutritional dependence
| Contributor(s):: Johnsen, Julie Føske, Mejdell, Cecilie M., Beaver, Annabelle, de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rushen, Jeffrey, Weary, Daniel M.
There is increasing interest in keeping dairy cows with their calves during the milk feeding period, and in reducing distress associated with separation. The aim of this study was to investigate how nutritional dependence upon the cow's milk affects behavioural responses to separation by both the...
Dairy cows under experimentally-induced Escherichia coli mastitis show negative emotional states assessed through Qualitative Behaviour Assessment
| Contributor(s):: de Boyer des Roches, Alice, Lussert, Alexandra, Faure, Marion, Herry, Vincent, Rainard, Pascal, Durand, Denys, Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Foucras, Gilles
Mastitis and associated pain have been identified as a major health and welfare problem affecting dairy cows, however little is known about how cows emotionally experience this illness. Qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA) is a 'whole animal' methodology for assessing animal emotion, through...
Plasticity and consistency of lying and ruminating behaviours of heifers exposed to different cubicle availability: A glance at individuality
| Contributor(s):: Cortés Fernández de Arcipreste, Norhan, Mancera, Karen F., Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G., Galindo, Francisco
Behavioural responses are a balance between plasticity (changes in behavioural patterns in relation to the environment) and consistency (similar behavioural responses in different situations). In addition, behavioural consistency indicates the presence of individuality, that is, a degree of...
Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...
The Sheltering of Unwanted Cattle, Experiences in India and Implications for Cattle Industries Elsewhere
| Contributor(s):: Uttara Kennedy, Arvind Sharma, Clive J.C. Phillips
Reverence for the cow has been a centerpiece of Hindu culture, the roots of which can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. Historical and anthropological literature demonstrates how over the millennia the animal’s status as a religious symbol steadily increased...
Visualising human-animal-technology relations : fieldnotes, still photography and digital video on the robotic dairy farm
| Contributor(s):: Christopher Bear, Lewis Holloway, Katy WIlkinson
This paper explores the potential for developing less anthropocentric approaches to researching human-nonhuman relations through visual ethnography, critically examining the potential for conceptualising nonhuman animals as participants. Arguing that method in “more-than-human...
Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
| Contributor(s):: Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe
Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...