Chute scoring as a potential method for assessing individual differences in arousal among ewes
Contributor(s):: Schiller, Kaleiah, McVey, Catherine, Doyle, Shayna, Horback, Kristina
Chute scoring has been used among beef and dairy operations as a method to gauge the relative phenotypic characteristics of animals based on response to physical restraint. While elements of the cattle chute score, such as tail flicking, exit speed, and side kicking, have been validated as...
Effects of Overcheck Use on Stress Parameters and Welfare Implications in Driving Horses
Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., J, Suagee-Bedore, Amstutz, M., Duthie, M.
Three sequential studies were performed to evaluate the effects of tying horses while wearing overchecks (strap from the bridle to backpad). In an observational study, horses (n = 305) wore high (HC), low (LC), or no overchecks (NC) with frequencies of 29.2%, 51.8% and 19.0% respectively. Study 1...
First links between self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax
Contributor(s):: Ferrari, Sébastien, Benhaïm, David, Colchen, Tatiana, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure
Most studies carried out with seabass under self-feeding conditions report an intriguing social structure that is built around the device and the food dispenser with three coexisting triggering categories: high-triggering (HT), low-triggering (LT) and zero-triggering (ZT) fish. However, neither...
Behavioural testing to determine differences between coping styles in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) with and without feather damaging behaviour
Contributor(s):: van Zeeland, Yvonne R. A., van der Aa, Marleen M. J. A., Vinke, Claudia M., Lumeij, Johannes T., Schoemaker, Nico J.
In various animal species, a correlation has been found between the individual's response to ‘stressing’ stimuli (coping style) in behaviour tests and the susceptibility to develop behavioural disorders. Based on analogies with feather pecking in laying hens, a similar correlation might be...
Testing two behavioural paradigms for measuring post-handling cat aversion behaviour
Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Landsberg, Gary M., Niel, Lee
Owned, shelter, and laboratory cats undergo handling and restraint throughout their lifetime for routine health examinations and necessary procedures. Many cats display fear and aggressive behaviour during health examinations, and there is potential for these behaviours to result in incomplete...
Fear and coping styles of outdoor-preferring, moderate-outdoor and indoor-preferring free-range laying hens
Contributor(s):: Campbell, Dana L. M., Hinch, Geoff N., Downing, Jeff A., Lee, Caroline
Free-range systems are increasing in popularity as outdoor access is perceived to improve hen welfare, but radio-frequency identification tracking of individuals shows not all hens access the range daily with some hens never going outside. The individual variation in range use may be correlated...
Effects of the method of restraint for shearing on behaviour and heart rate variability in alpacas
Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, Susanne, Hajek, Franziska, Lambacher, Bianca, Wittek, Thomas
Alpacas are increasingly kept in Europe for different purposes including fibre production. Yearly shearing is necessary to harvest fibre and for welfare reasons. Different methods of restraint are used during shearing, which may affect the welfare of the animals differently. The aim of the study...
Can you handle it? Validating negative responses to restraint in cats
Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Picketts, Victoria A., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Niel, Lee
Cats routinely undergo handling and restraint for examinations and procedures throughout their lifetime. In recent years there has been increased awareness that some forms of restraint have the potential to negatively impact cat health and welfare, but there has been limited research to assess...
[An educator's perspective, defusing tensions through mediation and the encounter]
Contributor(s):: Rivoire, G.
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.
Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
| Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Shivley, C.
Restraint and Hospitalization of Cats
| Contributor(s):: Wayne H. Rizer
A cat presents a problem in handling for the small animal practitioner much as does the western steer to the rural practitioner, in that the ability of the doctor is often measured by the way the animal is handled rather than by the way the animal responds to the treatment.
Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach
| Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.
Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...
Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry
| Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.
This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.
Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...
Efficient cooperative restraint training with rhesus macaques
| Contributor(s):: Bliss-Moreau, E., Theil, J., Moadab, G.
It is sometimes necessary for nonhuman primates to be restrained during biomedical and psychosocial research. Such restraint is often accomplished using a "primate chair." This article details a method for training adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with a chair restraint procedure using positive...