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  1. Cat scratch disease at the human-animal interface. Case report in the City of San Luis, ArgentinaEnfermedad por aranazo de gato en la interfaz humano-animal. Reporte de caso en la Ciudad de San Luis, Argentina

    Contributor(s):: Santiago Lorenzatti, J., Nazarena de Salvo, M., Diaz Perez, P., Cicuttin, G. L., Samartino, L. E.

  2. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

    Stress can impact the health and well-being of animals negatively. Behavioral and physiological changes, particularly serum cortisol, offer objective and easy-to-use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, limited studies support a positive relationship between changes in...

  3. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  4. Impact of Androstenone on Leash Pulling and Jumping Up in Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Glenna Pirner, John McGlone

    Dogs are relinquished to shelters due to behavioral problems, such as leash pulling and jumping up. Interomones are chemical cues produced by one species that elicit a response in a different species. We reported earlier that androstenone, a swine sex pheromone, acts as an interomone to reduce...

  5. Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers

    | Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.

    A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...

  6. Dairy calves' preference for rearing substrate

    | Contributor(s):: Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M., Cave, V. M., Foster, M., Sutherland, M. A.

    Traditional substrate types for dairy calves, such as sawdust, are becoming difficult and/or expensive for farmers to obtain in New Zealand. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate alternative rearing substrates that provide an acceptable level of animal welfare. The preference of dairy calves for...

  7. Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.

    The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...

  8. Material culture, behavior, and identity: the human body as experiential nexus

    | Contributor(s):: Piprani, John

  9. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    | Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  10. Stress and behavioural issues in pets

    | Contributor(s):: Barklett-Judge, M.

  11. Diurnal patterns of intake rate by sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass or white clover

    | Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Penning, P. D., Harvey, A., Champion, R. A.

    The effects of time of day on the ingestive behaviour of groups of 5 sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass (Lolium perenne cv. Parcour) or white clover (Trifolium repens cv. Kent Wild White), were measured over periods of 1 h starting at 07.30, 11.30, 15.30 and 19.30 h in August 1993. Grazing...

  12. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...

  13. Blood concentrations of serotonin, cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone in aggressive dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Rosado, B., Garcia-Belenguer, S., Leon, M., Chacon, G., Villegas, A., Palacio, J.

    Canine aggression directed towards people is the most frequent reason for referral to behaviour practices. In order to provide new and improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for this problem, it is necessary to make an in-depth investigation of the biological basis of aggression in this...

  14. Honest signalling through chemicals by elephants with applications for care and conservation.

    | Contributor(s):: Schulte, B. A., Freeman, E. W., Goodwin, T. E., Hollister-Smith, J., Rasmussen, L. E. L.

    Chemical signals are difficult to fake because they are often directly associated with phenotype and physiological condition, and hence likely to be honest signals for intraspecific communication. Chemical signals may be modified after release by the sender or by the environment. The proximate...

  15. Changes in ingestive behaviour of yearling dairy heifers due to changes in sward state during grazing down of rotationally stocked ryegrass or white clover pastures

    | Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Rutter, S. M., Yarrow, N. H., Champion, R. A., Rook, A. J.

    A group of 12 Holstein x Friesian heifers were rotationally stocked in sequence on uninterrupted spring growths and regrowths following cutting of perennial ryegrass and then on regrowths of white clover. Measurements of ingestive behaviour and plant factors were made every 2-3 days during four...

  16. Feeding behaviour and diet selection of finishing Limousin bulls under intensive rearing system

    | Contributor(s):: Cozzi, G., Gottardo, F.

    Twenty Limousin finishing bulls (initial body weight=425.9+or-22.0 kg) were assigned to four balanced groups reared in separate pens with a space allowance of 3.6 m2 per head and a manger space of 95 cm per head. The finishing period lasted 138 days during which the animals received the same diet...