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  1. Compassionate Conservation: Exploring the Lives of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Valli-Laurente Fraser-Celin, Alice J. Hovorka

    This paper argues for a more compassionate conservation by positioning animals as subjects in research and scholarship. Compassionate conservation is a multidisciplinary field of study that broadly attends to the ethical dimensions of conservation by merging conservation biology and animal...

  2. Auditory–Visual Matching of Conspecifics and Non-Conspecifics by Dogs and Human Infants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Eszter Petró, Katalin Oláh, József Topál

    We tested whether dogs and 14–16-month-old infants are able to integrate intersensory information when presented with conspecific and heterospecific faces and vocalisations. The looking behaviour of dogs and infants was recorded with a non-invasive eye-tracking technique while they were...

  3. K-9 Catch-22: The Impossible Dilemma of Using Police Dogs in Apprehension of Suspects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ann L. Schiavone

    In the past several years, the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania has seen two canine police dogs (K-9s) killed in the line of duty, Rocco in January 2014, and Aren in January of 2016.  Both were killed by stab wounds while attempting to apprehend suspects. The man who killed Rocco received...

  4. The Other End of the Leash: An Experimental Test to Analyze How Owners Interact with Their Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Cimarelli, Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsófia Virányi

    It has been suggested that the way in which owners interact with their dogs can largely vary and influence the dog-owner bond, but very few objective studies, so far, have addressed how the owner interacts with the dog. The goal of the present study was to record dog owners' interaction...

  5. Who's a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of...

  6. Share Reading Dogs Program

    Full-text: Available

    Share Reading Dogs Program aims to motivate and encourage students with difficulty reading. Share (Special Human-Animal Relationships in Education) involves a dog and its handler working with students in need of extra help with their reading class.

  7. Story Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    The mission of Story Dogs is to make reading fun for children, so they become confident lifelong readers. 

  8. Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.

    To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...

  9. Survey of Massachusetts Animal Shelter Record-Keeping Practices in 2015

    | Contributor(s):: Vinic, Theresa, Dowling-Guyer, Seana, Lindenmayer, Joann, Lindsay, Anne, Panofsky, Richard, McCobb, Emily

    The animal sheltering industry lacks standardized methods of data collection and analysis. The resulting lack of available data limits our understanding of the homeless animal population. The objective of this study was to better understand record-keeping practices and attitudes toward shelter...

  10. An Estimate of the Number of Dogs in US Shelters in 2015 and the Factors Affecting Their Fate

    | Contributor(s):: Woodruff, Kimberly, Smith, David R.

    The objective of this study was to estimate the total number of shelters in the United States; estimate the number of dogs entering US shelters annually; determine what happens to the dogs that enter shelters; and identify the characteristics of shelters affecting the outcome of the dogs in their...

  11. Exploring the influence of service dogs on participation in daily occupations by veterans with PTSD: A pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: McLaughlin, K., Hamilton, A. L.

  12. The effects of the Spanish COVID-19 lockdown on people, their pets and the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Bowen, J., García, E., Darder, P., Argüelles, J., Fatjó, J.

  13. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...

  14. Beijing Dog Politics: Governing Human–Canine Relationships in China

    | Contributor(s):: Jeffreys, Elaine

    This paper uses a governmentality approach to examine the political history of human–canine relationships in the People’s Republic of China, focusing on the evolution of household dog regulations in Beijing. In doing so, it ties the micropolitics of human–canine relations to transformations in...

  15. The Effects of Dogs on Learning: A Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Reilly, Katie M., Adesope, Olusola O., Erdman, Phyllis

    Integrating dogs into learning environments is becoming more prevalent as growing evidence demonstrates positive benefits of dogs on human functioning. To date, there is no known quantitative review of research that specifically investigates the impacts of dogs within school/classroom...

  16. Investigating putative depression-like states in the domestic dog: Does greater time spent displaying waking inactivity in the home kennel co-vary with negative judgment of ambiguity?

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Moesta, Alexandra, Wongsaengchan, Chanakarn, Harris, Hannah, Craigon, Peter J., Fureix, Carole

    Exposure to chronic stressors and/or traumatic events can trigger depression-like forms of waking inactivity in non-human species (mice, horses, primates) as well as clinical depression in humans. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of waking inactivity in the home...

  17. Scent dog identification of samples from COVID-19 patients – a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Claudia Schulz, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Erasmus Osterhaus, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Christiane Ernst, Marylyn Martina Addo, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, early, ideally real-time, identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals is pivotal in interrupting infection chains. Volatile organic compounds produced during respiratory infections can cause specific scent imprints, which can be...

  18. Battle of the Sexes in Best of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs' Success in the Show Ring

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany J.Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy

    Much of the research on pedigree dog breeding has been directed towards understanding the implications of reduced genetic diversity and the prevalence of inherited disorders. An example is the potential role of the popular sire effect in perpetuating genetic defects. If male dogs are more...

  19. Hellhounds and Helpful Ghost Dogs: Conflicting Perceptions of "Man's Best Friend" Encoded in Supernatural Narrative

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kiersten Carr

    Black dogs are a type of spectral entity that, according to legend, have been haunting the British Isles for centuries. While the legends have many regional variations, the common feature remains a large black dog, often with eyes “large as saucers” or sometimes, flaming, who...

  20. Dogs Are Expensive: Cost-Benefit Perspectives on Canid Ownership at Housepit 54, Bridge River, British Columbia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ben Boss Chiewphasa

    The presence of dogs in the Housepit 54 (HP 54) faunal assemblage of the Bridge River site (EeRl4) raises questions regarding their roles within Canadian Plateau prehistory, specifically their contributions to networked household economies. Ethnohistoric sources often cite dogs as “jacks...