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  1. Impacts of shade on physiological and behavioural pattern of Dehong buffalo calves under high temperature

    Contributor(s):: Gu, ZhaoBing, Yang, ShuLi, Leng, Jing, Xu, ShaoHong, Tang, ShouKun, Liu, ChuanBin, Gao, YaJun, Mao, HuaMing

    Shade shelter is widely used to reduce heat load for farm animals, but little research focus on the cooling effects for Dehong buffalo calves. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the impacts of shade cooling on the physiological and behavioural parameters for Dehong buffalo calves. Shade...

  2. Temperature-dependent consumption of drinking water in piglet rearing

    Contributor(s):: Hoeck, J., Buscher, W.

    This study focussed on examining the temperature-specific consumption of drinking water by piglets. To this end, a drinking trough system was developed to offer the animals water at three different temperatures (warm (+10°C then barn temperature), barn temperature (actual barn temperature) and...

  3. Ontogeny of daily activity and circadian rhythm in the Iberian lynx ( Lynx pardinus)

    Contributor(s):: Yerga, J., Calzada, J., Manteca, X., Vargas, A., Perez, M. J., Palomares, F., Rivas, A.

    The aim of this paper is to describe the ontogeny of the circadian activity rhythms in captive-born Iberian lynx ( Lynx pardinus) from birth to subadult age and to verify if they develop a bimodal circadian pattern similar to the one they show in the wild. The amount of daily activity and the...

  4. Wintertime use of natural versus artificial shelter by cattle in nature reserves in temperate areas

    Contributor(s):: Laer, E. van, Ampe, B., Moons, C., Sonck, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    The current study contributes scientific observation to the ongoing debate about whether and when artificial shelter (man-made), in addition to natural shelter (vegetation), should be provided to cattle grazing in nature reserves during temperate winters. In several year-round grazing projects in...

  5. The effect of a view to the surroundings and microclimate variables on use of a loafing area in housed dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Haskell, M. J., Maslowska, K., Bell, D. J., Roberts, D. J., Langford, F. M.

  6. The effect of rearing environment on feather pecking in young and adult laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Gilani, A. M., Knowles, T. G., Nicol, C. J.

  7. Nursing females are more prone to heat stress: demography matters when managing flying-foxes for climate change

    Contributor(s):: Snoyman, S., Munich, J., Brown, C.

  8. The concept of farm animal welfare: citizen perceptions and stakeholder opinion in Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Poucke, E. van, Pieniak, Z., Nijs, G., Tuyttens, F.

    Several attempts to conceptualize farm animal welfare have been criticized for diverging reasons, among them often the failure to incorporate the public concern and opinion. This paper's objective is to develop a conception of farm animal welfare that starts from the public's perception and...

  9. A note on sheltering behaviour by ewes before and after lambing

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Shaw, K. J., Littlejohn, R. P.

    The effects of lambing and lamb rearing on sheltering behaviour was investigated in multiparous Romney x Perendale crossbred ewes with either 9 (5 ewes) or 3 months (5) of wool growth during daylight hours for 6 weeks over the lambing period, in a pasture with little vegetative shelter but with a...

  10. Factors affecting the welfare of ruminants in livestock farming

    Contributor(s):: Mounier, L., Marie, M., Lensink, B. J.

    Ruminant production is characterized by a large diversity in husbandry systems and management practices that can influence animal welfare. For example, housing conditions are important. In outdoor rearing systems, climate changes can provoke thermal stress and health problems. Indoors, factors...

  11. Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality

    Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.

    A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...

  12. Factors controlling reproduction in the budgerigar

    Contributor(s):: Messent, P. R.

  13. Factors influencing the grazing behaviour of sheep in a Mediterranean climate

    Contributor(s):: Dudzinski, M. L., Arnold, G. W.

    3 studies were made on the effect of climatic conditions on diurnal grazing patterns and total grazing time for sheep grazing dry pastures in summer in Mediterranean environments in Australia. With Border Leicester X Merino sheep the times of starting and ending morning and afternoon grazing...

  14. Resting habits of zebu cattle in a nocturnal enclosure

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Mutiso, F. M., Reinhardt, A.

  15. Sheltering behaviour and lamb mortality amongst shorn Merino ewes lambing in paddocks with a restricted area of shelter or no shelter

    Contributor(s):: Lynch, J. J., Mottershead, B. E., Alexander, G.

    A flock of 380 pregnant Merino ewes was shorn and divided between two 12-ha paddocks. An area of shelter containing five grass hedges 90 m long, 0.5 m wide and 10 m apart was located in the middle of one paddock at a site that was not previously used as a preferred resting area. Sheep used this...

  16. The influence of environment on daily maintenance behaviour of free-ranging Shorthorn cows in central Australia. I. General introduction and descriptive analysis of day-long activities. II. Multivariate analysis of duration and incidence of activitie

    Contributor(s):: Low, W. A., Tweedie, R. L., Edwards, C. B. H., Hodder, R. M., Malafant, K. W. J., Cunningham, R. B.

  17. Influences of intermittent daily draught on the behaviour of weaned pigs

    Contributor(s):: Scheepens, C. J. M., Hessing, M. J. C., Laarakker, E., Schouten, W. G. P., Tielen, M. J. M.

    The influence of time-unpredictable draught (forced cold air) on the behaviour of pigs was observed in a climate-controlled pig house with 2 identical rooms each with 5 pens. Two days after farrowing, pigs were matched pairwise to correct for genetic, weight and sex differences, and weaning at an...

  18. A review of some factors affecting the expression of libido in beef cattle, and individual bull and herd fertility

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.

    This paper examines some of the factors that affect the expression of libido in beef cattle, focusing on the male and the free-ranging situation. The ways in which bull libido is assessed and the relationship between libido test results and fertility are discussed. Genetics play a role in...

  19. The ear skin temperature as an indicator of the thermal comfort of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Andersen, H. M. L., Jorgensen, E., Dybkjaer, L., Jorgensen, B.

    The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the ear skin temperature and the behaviour of pigs. Fifty-four pigs weighing 75+or-5 kg were used in three replications (18 pigs per replication) and housed in pens (six pigs per pen) in a controlled climate facility. The room...

  20. A review of welfare in cattle, sheep and pig lairages, with emphasis on stocking rates, ventilation and noise

    Contributor(s):: Weeks, C. A.

    Appropriate space allowances for animals are yet to be specifically determined for lairage. Space allowances that may be suitable for animals in lairage are suggested, based on reviewed studies of animals in transport, lairage and on farm. The longer animals are in lairage the more space they...