The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities
Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.
Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating...
Turning point of transformation: consumer communities, identity projects and becoming a serious dog hobbyist
Contributor(s):: Syrjala, H.
The present paper aims to delineate the turning point of the transformation that takes place when a casual enthusiast becomes a serious hobbyist within the subculture of dog agility devotees. Thereby, this paper participates in prior discussions in consumer research that have deliberated on...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
Community partnering as a tool for improving live release rate in animal shelters in the United States
Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Patronek, G., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Medicus, K.
Collaboration among all shelters and nonhuman animal welfare groups within a community along with the transparent, shared reporting of uniform data have been promoted as effective ways to increase the number of animals' lives saved. This article summarizes the shelter intakes, outcomes, and live...
Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Decker, S. M., Lord, L. K., Walker, W. L., Wittum, T. E.
Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of...
Pet ownership, other domestic relationships, and satisfaction with life among seniors: results from a Canadian National Survey
Contributor(s):: Himsworth, C. G., Rock, M.
The historic importance of the dingo in aboriginal society in Victoria (Australia): a reconsideration of the archival record
Contributor(s):: Cahir, F., Clark, I.
"Return" and extension actions after ethnobotanical research: the perceptions and expectations of a rural community in semi-arid northeastern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, U. P. de, Nascimento, L. G. de S., Vieira, F. J., Almeida, C. M. de A. D., Ramos, M. A., Silva, A. C. O. da
The ethics of food for tomorrow: on the viability of agrarianism - how far can it go? Comments on Paul Thompson's Agrarian Vision
Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.
Assessing fisheries - using an ethical matrix in a participatory process. (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)
Contributor(s):: Kaiser, M., Forsberg, E. M.
The Norwegian National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology, collaborating with the Norwegian Fisherman's Association and the Research Council of Norway, started in 1999 a project aiming at an ethical assessment of Norwegian fisheries for the year 2020. The project was to...
Beneath the straw: in defense of participatory adaptive management
Contributor(s):: Evans, J. M., Wilkie, A. C., Burkhardt, J.
Our recent paper (Evans et al., Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics (JAEE) (2008) 21(6), 512-539) advocating adaptive management of invasive nonnative (aquatic plant) species (INS) in Kings Bay, Florida received detailed responses from both Daniel Simberloff (JAEE (2009) 22(1),...
Conflict and engagement: an empirical study of a farmer-extension partnership in a sustainable agriculture program
Contributor(s):: Grudens-Schuck, N.
Stakeholder engagement is a crucial concept of extension education. Engagement expresses democratic values of the land-grant mission by providing opportunities for stakeholders to influence programme planning, including setting the agenda and negotiating resource allocations. In practice, the...
Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.
Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...
Ethical analysis of the use of GM fish: emerging issues for aquaculture development. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Tomkins, S.
Improvements in production methods over the last two decades have resulted in aquaculture becoming a significant contributor to food production in many countries. Increased efficiency and production levels are off-setting unsustainable capture fishing practices and contributing to food security,...
Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms
Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.
In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...
Ethological farm programs and the "market" for animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Mann, S.
Ethological farm programmes as they exist in Switzerland (namely, programmes paying farmers for controlled pasturage or for keeping animals in animal-friendly housing) are compared with environmental farm programmes in respect of demand and supply. Because animal welfare is not a public good but...
Opening up for participation in agro-biodiversity conservation: the expert-lay interplay in a Brazilian social movement
Contributor(s):: Delgado, A.
In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision...
Place and civic culture: re-thinking the context for local agriculture
Contributor(s):: DeLind, L. B., Bingen, J.
This article considers the qualitative concept of place - what it means, how it feels, how it is expressed, and how it is managed across time and space as (1) the appropriate context within which to study and promote local agriculture and (2) the locus of relationships, both cultural and...
Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies
Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.
Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...
The US' Food and Drug Administration, normativity of risk assessment, GMOs, and American democracy
The process of risk assessment of biotechnologies, such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs), has normative dimensions. However, the US' Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seems committed to the idea that such evaluations are objective. This essay makes the case that the agency's regulatory...