Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
A comparison of Bahamian cat and dog caregivers on New Providence
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.
This article offers the first comparison of actions and attitudes of Afro-Caribbean caregivers who keep only cats or only dogs. A total of 330 Bahamian caregivers found that women primarily keep cats; men primarily keep dogs. Cat keepers were more attached to their companion animals but no more...
Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature
Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.
There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....
The historic importance of the dingo in aboriginal society in Victoria (Australia): a reconsideration of the archival record
Contributor(s):: Cahir, F., Clark, I.
"Return" and extension actions after ethnobotanical research: the perceptions and expectations of a rural community in semi-arid northeastern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, U. P. de, Nascimento, L. G. de S., Vieira, F. J., Almeida, C. M. de A. D., Ramos, M. A., Silva, A. C. O. da
The ethics of food for tomorrow: on the viability of agrarianism - how far can it go? Comments on Paul Thompson's Agrarian Vision
Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.
Assessing fisheries - using an ethical matrix in a participatory process. (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)
Contributor(s):: Kaiser, M., Forsberg, E. M.
The Norwegian National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology, collaborating with the Norwegian Fisherman's Association and the Research Council of Norway, started in 1999 a project aiming at an ethical assessment of Norwegian fisheries for the year 2020. The project was to...
Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.
Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...
Ethical analysis of the use of GM fish: emerging issues for aquaculture development. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Tomkins, S.
Improvements in production methods over the last two decades have resulted in aquaculture becoming a significant contributor to food production in many countries. Increased efficiency and production levels are off-setting unsustainable capture fishing practices and contributing to food security,...
Ethical considerations in agro-biodiversity research, collecting, and use
Contributor(s):: Engels, J. M. M., Dempewolf, H., Henson-Apollonio, V.
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of...
Ethical tools to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Beekman, V., Brom, F. W. A.
This special issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics presents so-called ethical tools that are developed to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. This paper clarifies the intended connotations of the term 'ethical...
Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms
Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.
In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...
Opening up for participation in agro-biodiversity conservation: the expert-lay interplay in a Brazilian social movement
Contributor(s):: Delgado, A.
In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision...
Place and civic culture: re-thinking the context for local agriculture
Contributor(s):: DeLind, L. B., Bingen, J.
This article considers the qualitative concept of place - what it means, how it feels, how it is expressed, and how it is managed across time and space as (1) the appropriate context within which to study and promote local agriculture and (2) the locus of relationships, both cultural and...
The US' Food and Drug Administration, normativity of risk assessment, GMOs, and American democracy
The process of risk assessment of biotechnologies, such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs), has normative dimensions. However, the US' Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seems committed to the idea that such evaluations are objective. This essay makes the case that the agency's regulatory...