Affiliation in human-animal interaction
Contributor(s):: Beetz, Andrea, Bales, Karen, Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Contributor(s):: Beetz, Andrea, Bales, Karen
Dogs' body language relevant to learning achievement
Contributor(s):: Hasegawa, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
The facial expressions and body postures of dogs can give helpful information about their moods and emotional states. People can more effectively obedience train their dogs if we can identify the mannerisms associated with learning in dogs. The aim of this study was to clarify the dog's body...
African elephants ( Loxodonta africana) can detect TNT using olfaction: implications for biosensor application
Contributor(s):: Miller, A. K., Hensman, M. C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K., Reid, P., Shore, M., Brown, J., Furton, K. G., Lee, S.
The impact of war on local wildlife can be devastating, the effects of which are often felt well beyond the terminus of the initial threat. In areas where wildlife experiences unrestricted movement through previously affected zones, residual, unexploded landmines present a significant and...
Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training
Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.
Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...
Overview and critique of stages and periods in canine development
Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.
Does temperament affect learning in calves?
Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.
The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...
Key considerations for the experimental training and evaluation of cancer odour detection dogs: lessons learnt from a double-blind, controlled trial of prostate cancer detection
Contributor(s):: Elliker, K. R., Sommerville, B. A., Broom, D. M., Neal, D. E., Armstrong, S., Williams, H. C.
Olfactory detection of prostate cancer by dogs sniffing urine: a step forward in early diagnosis
Contributor(s):: Cornu, J. N., Cancel-Tassin, G., Ondet, V., Girardet, C., Cussenot, O.
Prostate cancer: eNose--man's new best friend?
Contributor(s):: Phillips, R.
A conditioned response overrides social attraction in common carp: a possibility for low stress sorting strongly schooling fish?
Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. O., Borcato, F. L., Huntingford, F. A.
In this study we investigated whether a conditioned response to a light cue can override the strong schooling tendency of common carp, with a view to identifying a possible system for low stress control of movement for captive fish. Carp were trained in groups of three to approach and bite a...
Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.
Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...
Persistency of the piglet's reactivity to the handler following a previous positive or negative experience
Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Bergeron, R., Tallet, C., Hotzel, M. J., Devillers, N.
A central question in the stockman-animal relationship is how animals perceive humans depending on previous interactions with them. This study aimed at measuring the influence of a previous experience with humans on subsequent reactivity to humans of weaned piglets. Treatments differing in type...
Impact of individual training parameters and manner of taking breath odor samples on the reliability of canines as cancer screeners
Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Ensminger, J.
Operant conditioning parameters in cancer detection dogs.
Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Adamkiewicz, E.
To jump or not to jump? Strategies employed by leisure and sport horses
Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Jastrzebska, E., Muszynska, A., Jedrzejewska, E., Jaworski, Z., Jezierski, T., Murphy, J.
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques
Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.
Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...
Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training
Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.
Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...
The development of an operant conditioning training program for New World primates at the Bronx Zoo. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)
Contributor(s):: Savastano, G., Hanson, A., McCann, C.
This article described the development of an operant conditioning training programme for 17 species of New World primates at the Bronx Zoo, New York, USA. To apply less invasive techniques to husbandry protocols, the study introduced behaviours such as hand feeding, syringe feeding, targeting,...