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Tags: Conditioning + Animal welfare

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  1. Characterization of anticipatory behaviour in domesticated horses (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Peters, Suzanne M., Bleijenberg, Elise H., van Dierendonck, Machteld C., van der Harst, Johanneke E., Spruijt, Berry M.

    In animal welfare science there is a strong need for objective parameters for the assessment of animal welfare. Anticipatory behaviour is a potential indicator of welfare since it reflects reward-sensitivity which is in its turn related to previous experiences of animals: negative experiences are...

  2. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  3. A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )

    Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.

    Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...

  4. Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques

    Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.

    Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...

  5. Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training

    Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...

  6. The effects of environmental control on cognition in rats ( Rattus norvegicus )

    Contributor(s):: Alliger, A. A., Moller, P.

    The aim of this study was to allow nonhuman animals to control their environment using operant conditioning procedures and to assess the effect of control on cognitive tasks. The study tested 4 predictions: (a) rats (Rattus norvegicus) will control a light stimulus; (b) animals will exhibit...

  7. The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )

    Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.

    To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...

  8. The use of classical and operant conditioning in training Aldabra tortoises ( Geochelone gigantea ) for venipuncture and other husbandry issues

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Wilson, S.

    A variety of nonhuman animals in zoo and research settings have been the subjects of classical and operant conditioning techniques. Much of the published work has focused on mammals, husbandry training and veterinary issues. However, several zoos are training reptiles and birds for similar...

  9. The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)

    Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.

    Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...

  10. The use of positive reinforcement training techniques to enhance the care, management, and welfare of primates in the laboratory. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Laule, G. E., Bloomsmith, M. A., Schapiro, S. J.

    Handled frequently and subjected to a wide range of medical procedures that may be particularly invasive, nonhuman animals in a laboratory setting have unique needs. To produce the most reliable research results and to protect and enhance the well-being of the animals, it is desirable to perform...

  11. Effects of 2 training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog ( Canis familiaris) and on the dog-owner relationship

    Contributor(s):: Deldalle, S., Gaunet, F.

    Instrumental learning plays an important role in dog-human interactions. The recent demand for pet dog training has resulted in the development of various training methods. The present exploratory study aims to compare the effects of 2 training methods on both the behavioral welfare of the dog...

  12. Conditioning beaver to avoid desirable plants

    Contributor(s):: Julie Harper, Dale Nolte, Thomas DeLiberto, David Bergman

    Conditioned food aversion can be used to train animals to avoid select foods. Generally, aversive conditioning is best applied when animals first encounter a food item. However, almost by definition damage is inflicted to desirable plants very familiar to the culprit. We assessed the potential...

  13. Motivation for cribbing by horses

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A.

  14. [Training methods in dogs with and without electric training collars]

    Contributor(s):: Schalke, E., Ott, S., Hackbarth, H.

  15. Dogs in animal shelters: Problems, suggestions, and needed expertise

    Contributor(s):: Tuber, David S., Miller, Deborah D., Caris, Kimberly A., Halter, Robin, Linden, Fran, Hennessy, Michael B.

  16. How equitation science can elucidate and refine horsemanship techniques

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., McGreevy, P., Waran, N., McLean, A.

  17. Stockperson behaviour and animal behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    This chapter discusses the way the attitudes and behaviour of stockpersons develop and how these affect the productivity, behaviour and welfare of farm animals.

  18. Trace classical conditioning as an approach to the study of reward-related behaviour in laying hens: a methodological study

    Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Nordgreen, J., Janczak, A. M., Spruijt, B. M., Zanella, A. J., Bakken, M.

    Positive affective states may be as important for animal welfare as the absence of suffering. Thus, there is a need for knowledge of the mechanisms underlying positive affective states, including how they can be induced and assessed. Studies of behaviour during the anticipation of a signalled...

  19. Veterinary behavioural medicine. Selected papers presented at the 5th Biennial International Conference on Veterinary Behavioural Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 14-16 July 2005

    Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Landsberg, G.

    This issue contains papers on normal behaviour and behavioural problems of dogs and approaches on how to manage these problems, including training and drug therapy.

  20. Some effects of repeated handling and the use of a mask on stress responses in zebu cattle during restraint

    Contributor(s):: Andrade, O., Orihuela, A., Solano, J., Galina, C. S.

    The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of repeated handling and the use of a mask on the order of entry, temperament, cortisol concentration and heart and respiratory rates of Brahman cattle during restraint in a squeeze chute. In the first experiment, 18 cows were...