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Tags: Conditioning + Behavior and behavior mechanisms

All Categories (1-20 of 35)

  1. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  2. Pen trial of estrogen-induced conditioned food aversion to eggs in raccoons (Procyon lotor)

    Contributor(s):: Dueser, Raymond D., Martin, Joel D., Moncrief, Nancy D.

    Aversive conditioning is a promising but unproven non-lethal approach to reducing mammalian depredation on the eggs of ground-nesting birds, terrapins and sea turtles. This research tested the efficacy of oral estrogen concealed in a bland carrier as an aversive agent for wild-caught raccoons...

  3. Overview and critique of stages and periods in canine development

    Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.

  4. Pavlovian conditioning enhances resistance to disruption of dogs performing an odor discrimination

    Contributor(s):: Hall, Nathaniel J., Smith, David W., Wynne, Clive D. L.

  5. The development of an operant conditioning training program for New World primates at the Bronx Zoo. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Savastano, G., Hanson, A., McCann, C.

    This article described the development of an operant conditioning training programme for 17 species of New World primates at the Bronx Zoo, New York, USA. To apply less invasive techniques to husbandry protocols, the study introduced behaviours such as hand feeding, syringe feeding, targeting,...

  6. The use of positive reinforcement training techniques to enhance the care, management, and welfare of primates in the laboratory. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Laule, G. E., Bloomsmith, M. A., Schapiro, S. J.

    Handled frequently and subjected to a wide range of medical procedures that may be particularly invasive, nonhuman animals in a laboratory setting have unique needs. To produce the most reliable research results and to protect and enhance the well-being of the animals, it is desirable to perform...

  7. Training nonhuman primates to cooperate with scientific procedures in applied biomedical research. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, L., Pearce, P., Fairhall, S., Muggleton, N., Smith, J.

    This report provides a brief overview of aspects of training nonhuman primates who have been, and continue to be, used in this laboratory. The research context involves applied behavioral studies in which animals are trained to perform complex operant behavioral sequences, often in their homecage...

  8. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  9. [Training methods in dogs with and without electric training collars]

    Contributor(s):: Schalke, E., Ott, S., Hackbarth, H.

  10. Dogs in animal shelters: Problems, suggestions, and needed expertise

    Contributor(s):: Tuber, David S., Miller, Deborah D., Caris, Kimberly A., Halter, Robin, Linden, Fran, Hennessy, Michael B.

  11. How equitation science can elucidate and refine horsemanship techniques

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., McGreevy, P., Waran, N., McLean, A.

  12. Psychopathology in great apes: concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders

    Contributor(s):: Brune, M., Brune-Cohrs, U., McGrew, W. C., Preuschoft, S.

  13. Stockperson behaviour and animal behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    This chapter discusses the way the attitudes and behaviour of stockpersons develop and how these affect the productivity, behaviour and welfare of farm animals.

  14. Commentary: Interpersonal violence as a mediator of stress-related disorders in humans

    Contributor(s):: Jasnow, Aaron M., Ressler, Kerry J.

  15. Ethological vignette: Social stress as a formative experience

    Contributor(s):: Huhman, Kim L.

  16. Formative Experiences: The Interaction of Caregiving, Culture, and Developmental Psychobiology

    Contributor(s):: Wilce, James

  17. A prospective study of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone for the treatment of firework fears in dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Levine, E. D., Ramos, D., Mills, D. S.

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) for the treatment of firework fears in dogs and to evaluate the training progress and owner compliance. Fifty-four...

  18. Feeding motivation in pregnant sows: effects of fibrous diets in an operant conditioning procedure

    Contributor(s):: Ramonet, Y., Bolduc, J., Bergeron, R., Robert, S., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    The effect of fibrous diets fed to pregnant sows on their feeding motivation was studied by an operant conditioning procedure. Fifteen multiparous pregnant sows were assigned to three dietary treatments, which differed in the nature of the fibrous components, according to a 3 x 3 Latin square...

  19. Overcoming food neophobia in domestic ruminants through addition of a familiar flavor and repeated exposure to novel foods

    Contributor(s):: Launchbaugh, K. L., Provenza, F. D., Werkmeister, M. J.

    Food neophobia, observed as a decreased intake of novel foods, can cause significant livestock production losses. In the transition from rangeland to feedlot, livestock are usually offered novel diets that they sample cautiously, gradually increasing intake. This familiarization period can slow...

  20. Postingestive feedback from starch influences the ingestive behaviour of sheep consuming wheat straw

    Contributor(s):: Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.

    Plant species present a complex array of biochemicals to herbivores that in conjunction with a plant's physical structure influence intake. The role of postingestive feedback from macronutrients on the ingestion of a low-quality forage by sheep was investigated. The ingestive behaviour of 2...