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  1. Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity

    Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.

    There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood animal...

  2. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

    Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.

    We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...

  5. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  6. Coexistence : the human/grizzly bear interface in a rural community of British Columbia

    Contributor(s):: Gillian L. Sanders

    Environmental Education is becoming increasingly important as human populations expand into wildlife habitat, often resulting in human/wildlife conflicts. Meadow Creek British Columbia has experienced a long history of conflicts with grizzly bears resulting in significant bear mortalities. This...

  7. Tracking the Elephant (Lexodonta africana) Corridor and the Human-Wildlife Conflict in Selela Village

    Contributor(s):: Nicole Chlebek, Laura Stalter

    The beastly journey of long-distance migration for the African Elephant (Lexodonta Africana) is important for upholding their connections between diminishing protected areas, especially in northeastern Tanzania. However, human development is encroaching into these corridors, creating a...

  8. Does Gender Matter? Human Elephant Conflict in Sri Lanka: A Gendered Analysis of Human Elephant Conflict and Natural Resource Management in a Rural Sri Lankan Village

    Contributor(s):: Katherine Eileen Griffin

    This study is a gendered analysis of natural resource management at the local scale of a poor rural Sri Lankan village in a conservation buffer zone. This village experiences destruction of forests and human elephant conflict. The objective of this study is to gain an in-depth knowledge of...

  9. How do Suburban Coyote Attacks Affect Residents' Perceptions? Insights from a New York Case Study

    Contributor(s):: William F. Siemer, Daniel J. Decker, James E. Shanahan, Heather A. Wieczorek Hudenko

    Understanding the human dimensions of human-coyote conflicts in metropolitan areas has taken on greater importance as coyotes (Canis latrans) have established themselves as the top predator in many urban ecosystems across North America. Though uncommon, coyote attacks on humans do occur in...

  10. Local Attitudes towards Bear Management after Illegal Feeding and Problem Bear Activity

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Sara Dubois, David Fraser

    The “pot bears” received international media attention in 2010 after police discovered the intentional feeding of over 20 black bears during the investigation of an alleged marijuana-growing operation in Christina Lake, British Columbia, Canada. A two-phase random digit dialing survey...

  11. Understanding Human-Large Carnivore Conflict in Chobe, Botswana

    Contributor(s):: Sahil Nijhawan

    Large carnivores most often get in conflicts with people because they compete for resources that humans require-space and food. Throughout Africa, large carnivores have been eliminated or significantly reduced because of livestock predation. This study is part of the Large Carnivore Research...

  12. The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases

    Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.

    Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...

  13. The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.

    Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...

  14. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  15. Social dimensions of the human-avian bond: parrots and their persons

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, P. K.

    Though birds are among the most popular companion animals in the United States, little scholarly research has focused on the human- companion parrot relationship. This study uses an ethnographic approach and qualitative analysis to examine the parrot-pet owner relationship. Two and one half weeks...

  16. The relationship between types of human-animal interaction and attitudes about animals: an exploratory study

    Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K.

    Existing theory and research suggests that understanding the nuances of particular instantiations of human-animal relationships is important in promoting positive, mutually beneficial relationships between people and animals. One such aspect of human-animal interaction (HAI) involves species of...

  17. "Nudging them back to reality": toward a growing public acceptance of the role dogs fulfill in ameliorating contemporary veterans' PTSD symptoms

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, M. F., Edwards, M. E., Pooley, J. A.

  18. 'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs

    Contributor(s):: Harding, S.

  19. Animals in war, animals on war: new perspectives from a theater of species

    Contributor(s):: Chaudhuri, U.

  20. Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.