The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst
Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.
Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?
Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.
Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...
The effects of past training, experience, and human behaviour on a dog’s persistence at an independent task
Contributor(s):: Brubaker, Lauren, Udell, Monique A. R.
Past research has shown that many factors, including training history, informal experience and genetics, play a role in how certain populations of dogs behave during a problem-solving task. Less understood is how a dog’s relationship with an attending human, as well as the actions of the human...
How tall should a mink cage be? Using animals’ preferences for different ceiling heights to improve cage design
Contributor(s):: Díez-León, María, Quinton, Margaret, Mason, Georgia
Regulations and guidelines assume that taller cages are better for mink, because they permit more diverse postures (e.g. standing upright) and freedom to move. New Canadian Codes of Practice therefore stipulate cage ceiling heights of at least 38cm, while in Europe cages must be 46cm or taller....
Dogs’ coping styles and dog-handler relationships influence avalanche search team performance
Contributor(s):: Diverio, Silvana, Menchetti, Laura, Riggio, Giacomo, Azzari, Costanza, Iaboni, Martina, Zasso, Renato, Di Mari, Walter, Santoro, Michele Matteo
Avalanche search dogs are valuable resources in the event of environmental disasters. The aim of this study was to determine whether dog search strategies and dynamics of interaction with his handler influence team performance during a simulated avalanche search trial. This consisted in...
Opinion of applied ethologists on expectation bias, blinding observers and other debiasing techniques
Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, Frank A. M., Stadig, Lisanne, Heerkens, Jasper L. T., Van laer, Eva, Buijs, Stephanie, Ampe, Bart
There is increasing evidence that the field of applied ethology is prone to expectation biases invalidating research outcomes. Nevertheless, outcome assessors are rarely blinded. We surveyed delegates of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) 2014 congress shortly before (n=39...
Quality of life and animal behaviour
Contributor(s):: Yeates, James
QOL is an intrinsically evaluative concept of how valuable (positive or negative) each animal’s life is for that animal from the animal’s point of view. QOL relates to animals’ experiences and their causes; is a “broad” concept in terms of content; extends over time; and relates to the particular...
Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations
Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.
A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...
Foster parenting, human imprinting and conventional handling affects survival and early weight of ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: MD Wang, SWP Cloete, K Dzama, M Bonato, IA Malecki
The effects of human imprinting and foster parenting by adult ostriches on the survival and growth performance of ostrich chicks were compared to conventional chick-rearing practices in two separate experiments. In the first experiment, the growth rate and survival of chicks imprinted onto...
Urban Animal Management: a naturalistic perspective
| Contributor(s):: David William Paxton
The thesis uses a naturalistic perspective derived from Darwin’s theory of the origin of species by natural selection to propose that human beings and dogs co-evolved in an interdependent relationship which needs to be taken into account by makers of public policies about urban dogs. An...
The Secret Life of Dogs | Julia Espinosa | TEDxUofT
| Contributor(s):: Julia Espinosa
Julia Espinosa challenges the anthropocentric view of how nonhuman animals sense and perceive the world, using domestic dogs as an example. Humans often view dogs as little humans. Yet, they are vastly different in some sensory abilities, such as sight and smell. By critically examining our...
Using the mini C-BARQ to investigate the effects of puppy farming on dog behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to, Animals, Williams, Joanne M.
High demand for dogs in countries like the UK can lead to illegal intensive breeding and illegal importation of puppies for the pet trade. The current study investigates the effects of intensive breeding or 'puppy farming' on canine behaviour, explores new ways of predicting negative outcomes and...
Animal emotion: Descriptive and prescriptive definitions and their implications for a comparative perspective
| Contributor(s):: Paul, Elizabeth S., Mendl, Michael T.
In recent years there has been a growing research interest in the field of animal emotion. But there is still little agreement about whether and how the word "emotion" should be defined for use in the context of non-human species. Here, we make a distinction between descriptive and prescriptive...
Evaluation of a canine and feline behavioural welfare assessment tool for use in companion animal veterinary practice
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, Lauren C., Dewey, Cate E., Stone, Elizabeth A., Guerin, Michele T., Niel, Lee
Veterinary care can both positively and negatively impact animal welfare in terms of behavioural welfare. This occurs both in the veterinary clinic through interactions with patients and management of their stress, fear and aggression, and In the animal's home through the provision of behaviour...
The behavioural effects of olfactory stimulation on dogs at a rescue shelter
| Contributor(s):: Binks, Johnathan, Taylor, Sienna, Wills, Alison, Montrose, V. Tamara
Many domestic dogs are kept in rescue and rehoming shelters which are frequently stressful and under-stimulating environments. Dog welfare is often compromised within these environments and there is a need to determine new practical and effective methods of improving the welfare of these...
Paws for Progress: The development and evaluation of the first prison based dog training programme in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Rebecca Jean Leonardi
The most common type of human animal interaction (HAI) programme used in prisons involves prisoners caring for and training unwanted dogs from rescue shelters, to prepare the dogs for rehoming. Such programmes have been previously developed specifically aimed towards male young offenders, and...
Cats and owners interact more with each other after a longer duration of separation
| Contributor(s):: Matilda Eriksson, Linda J. Keeling, Therese Rehn
Little is known about the cat’s (Felis silvestris catus) need for human contact, although it is generally believed that cats are more independent pets than e.g. dogs. In this study, we investigated the effect of time left alone at home on cat behaviour (e.g. social and distress-related)...
The Problem with Treating a Dog Like a Pet | Kim Brophey | TEDxUNCAsheville
| Contributor(s):: Kim Brophey
Applied Ethologist and Dog Behavior Specialist, Kim Brophey, analyzes the issues with the pet industry and outlines a new dog training program that values a relationship based on mutual understandings rather than one based on dominance and control. Kim Brophey, CDBC, is an applied ethologist...