Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops
Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...
Agriculture and food 2050: visions to promote transformation driven by science and society
Contributor(s):: Gebhard, E., Hagemann, N., Hensler, L., Schweizer, S., Wember, C.
Today's food production and consumption go hand in hand with immense damages to humans and nature. Change is needed, but where to start and which direction to go? This article tries to give an interdisciplinary answer by taking recourse to a vision, that is, an ideal image of the future which is...
Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development
Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.
Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...
Food security: one of a number of 'securities' we need for a full life: an Australian perspective
Contributor(s):: Farmar-Bowers, Q.
Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates 'collateral damage' to the natural...
Local food and international ethics
Contributor(s):: Navin, M. C.
Many advocate practices of 'local food' or 'locavorism' as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In...
Are there ideological aspects to the modernization of agriculture?
Contributor(s):: Hardeman, E., Jochemsen, H.
Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Food insecurity in Pakistan: causes and policy response
Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.
There is evidence of continued food insecurity and malnutrition in Pakistan despite significant progress made in terms of food production in recent years. According to "Vision 2030" of the Planning Commission of Pakistan, about half of the population in the country suffers from absolute to...
Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests
Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.
Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...
Integrity and cynicism: possibilities and constraints of moral communication. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Bakker, E. de
Paying thorough attention to cynical action and integrity could result in a less naive approach to ethics and moral communication. This article discusses the issues of integrity and cynicism on a theoretical and on a more practical level. The first part confronts Habermas' approach of...
Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace
Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.
An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...
On finding solutions to ethical problems in agriculture
Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Jr.
This paper aims to build on the typology of ethical problems introduced by Nash by presenting a more extensive characterization of the differences between Type I and Type II ethical problems and by examining the types of solutions necessary to resolve them. A distinction is made between these two...
Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies
Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.
Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...
Science and the consequences of mistruct: lessons from recent GM controversies. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Scott, D.
In 2001, it was announced that transgenic DNA had introgressed into traditional strains of maize in Mexico. A controversy 'erupted and raged' throughout 2001 and 2002. This episode represents an acute breakdown in scientific discourse. The following inquiry looks into the causes of this...
Systems in organic dairy production
Contributor(s):: Oudshoorn, F. W., Renes, R. J., Boer, I. J. M. de
The aim of this study was to explore stakeholder perceptions of the contribution of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) to sustainable development of organic dairy production in Denmark and the Netherlands. In addition, reasons for the current difference in AMS use on organic dairy farms between...
Strategies to overcome barriers to the development of sustainable agriculture in Canada: the role of agribusiness
Contributor(s):: Macrae, R. J., Henning, J., Hill, S. B.
Strategies to involve agribusiness in the development of sustainable agricultural systems in Canada have been limited by the lack of a comprehensive conceptual framework for identifying the most critical supportive policies, programmes and regulations. This paper proposes an efficiency/...