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Tags: Constraints + Ethics

All Categories (1-12 of 12)

  1. Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops

    Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.

    Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...

  2. Agriculture and food 2050: visions to promote transformation driven by science and society

    Contributor(s):: Gebhard, E., Hagemann, N., Hensler, L., Schweizer, S., Wember, C.

    Today's food production and consumption go hand in hand with immense damages to humans and nature. Change is needed, but where to start and which direction to go? This article tries to give an interdisciplinary answer by taking recourse to a vision, that is, an ideal image of the future which is...

  3. Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development

    Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.

    Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...

  4. Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...

  5. Fish consumption: choices in the intersection of public concern, fish welfare, food security, human health and climate change

    Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H.

    Future global food insecurity due to growing population as well as changing consumption demands and population growth is sometimes suggested to be met by increase in aquaculture production. This raises a range of ethical issues, seldom discussed together: fish welfare, food security, human...

  6. Food security: one of a number of 'securities' we need for a full life: an Australian perspective

    Contributor(s):: Farmar-Bowers, Q.

    Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates 'collateral damage' to the natural...

  7. Local food and international ethics

    Contributor(s):: Navin, M. C.

    Many advocate practices of 'local food' or 'locavorism' as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In...

  8. Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.

  9. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  10. Integrity and cynicism: possibilities and constraints of moral communication. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Bakker, E. de

    Paying thorough attention to cynical action and integrity could result in a less naive approach to ethics and moral communication. This article discusses the issues of integrity and cynicism on a theoretical and on a more practical level. The first part confronts Habermas' approach of...

  11. On finding solutions to ethical problems in agriculture

    Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Jr.

    This paper aims to build on the typology of ethical problems introduced by Nash by presenting a more extensive characterization of the differences between Type I and Type II ethical problems and by examining the types of solutions necessary to resolve them. A distinction is made between these two...

  12. Systems in organic dairy production

    Contributor(s):: Oudshoorn, F. W., Renes, R. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    The aim of this study was to explore stakeholder perceptions of the contribution of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) to sustainable development of organic dairy production in Denmark and the Netherlands. In addition, reasons for the current difference in AMS use on organic dairy farms between...