Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards
Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.
The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
The mini-cup jelly court cases: a comparative analysis from a food ethics perspective
Contributor(s):: Kim, SukShin
This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on "mini-cup jelly" (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the...
Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective
Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.
Consensus conferences - a case study: publiforum in Switzerland with special respect to the role of lay persons and ethics. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Skorupinski, B., Baranzke, H., Ingensiep, H. W., Meinhardt, M.
This paper presents a case study dealing with the Switzerland's consensus conference called "PubliForum", which tackled the issue of "Genetic Technology and Nutrition" (1999). Societal and ethical aspects of genetically modified foods can be seen as prototypes of topics depending on the...
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.
A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...
Ethical and value-based aspects of the European Commission's precautionary principle. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Carr, S.
In February 2000, the European Commission adopted a communication on the precautionary principle. This states how the commission intends to apply the principle and establishes guidelines for its application. The document is intended to inform discussions on international agreements. In...
Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo
Contributor(s):: Raoult-Wack, A. L., Bricas, N.
After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and...
Ethical rooms for maneuver and their prospects vis-a-vis the current ethical food policies in Europe
Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.
In this paper I want to show that consumer concerns can be implemented in food chains by organizing ethical discussions of conflicting values that include them as participators. First, it is argued that there are several types of consumer concerns about food and agriculture that are...
Finding a precautionary approach to technological developments - lessons for the evaluation of GM crops. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Mayer, S., Stirling, A.
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to be precautionary in nature, the decisions that have been taken have not gathered public confidence. Key attributes of a...
Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.
I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...
Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market
Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.
As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...
Public health, ethics, and functional foods. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)
Contributor(s):: Schroeder, D.
Functional foods aim to provide a positive impact on health and well-being beyond their nutritive content. As such, they are likely candidates to enhance the public health official's tool kit. Or are they? Although a very small number of functional foods (e.g., phytosterol-enriched margarine)...
Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.
This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...
The homiletics of risk. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Busch, L.
Today there is considerable disagreement between the USA and the EU with respect to food safety standards. Issues include genetically modified organisms, beef hormones, unpasteurized cheese, etc. In general, it is usually asserted that Europeans argue for the precautionary principle (with...
The struggle over functional foods: justice and the social meaning of functional foods. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
The social and scientific debate over functional foods has two focal points. One is the issue of the reliability and trustworthiness of the claims connected with functional foods. The second issue is the issue of the sociocultural dimension of functional foods and their detrimental effect on the...
An ethicist's commentary on the case of determining withdrawal time for off-label drug usage in sheep
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
An ethicist's commentary on the case of shipping animals that have experienced heavy metal toxicosis
An ethicist's commentary on the raw milk case