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  1. The Effect of a Dog Assisted Reading Program on the Reading Ability and Motivation of Children with Dyslexia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leilani B. Goodmon, Pippa R. Burnett, Renee Pack, Rebecca Powell

    Dog assisted reading programs have been shown to improve children’s reading skills and attitudes toward reading (Kirnan et al., 2016; Levinson et al., 2017; Linder et al., 2018) and on-task behavior in children who struggle with reading (Bassette & Taber-Doughty, 2013). The purpose of...

  2. The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff

    Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...

  3. Methods for Managing Human–Deer Conflicts in Urban, Suburban, and Exurban Areas

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Geoff D. Westerfield, Justin M. Shannon, Orrin V. Duvuvuei, Thomas A. Decker, Nathan P. Snow, Erin D. Shank, Brian F. Wakeling, H. Bryant White

    This monograph identifies challenges and benefits associated with many human–deer conflict mitigation actions as well as methods to monitor the response of deer populations to management actions. Deer exploit urban, suburban, and exurban areas where human populations provide anthropogenic...

  4. Re-Evaluating Captive Chimpanzee "Dominance": Dominance Hierarchy and Chimpanzee-Caregiver Relationships at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jake Alan Funkhouser

    This thesis is composed of two journal-ready articles and an accompanying appendix with additional data and interpretation. Overall, this thesis describes and statistically analyzes dominance relationships in two nonhuman primate groups with novel methods, possible correlations between...

  5. Can a dog be jealous?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yaoguang Jiang, Annamarie W. Huttunen, Michael L. Platt

    Whether humans alone experience complex emotions like jealousy or envy remains hotly debated, partly because of the difficulty of measuring them without a verbal report. Cook, Berns and colleagues use functional brain imaging to identify in dogs neural responses very similar to those evoked by...

  6. People. Animals. Love. (PAL)

    Full-text: Available

    PAL's mission is to use the human-animal bond to comfort the lonely, ease the pain of the sick and enrich the world of children.

  7. Reported Acquisition Practices of Australian Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simone A. Blackman, Bethany J. Wilson, Alistair R. Reed, Paul D. McGreevy

    In Australia, the UK and the US dog ownership is prevalent with an estimated 40% of Australian households, 25% of UK households, and 50% of US households owning a dog. Once acquired, a dog usually becomes a family companion so, unlike a faulty product, it can rarely be returned or resold...

  8. Contagious Yawning in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana): Responses to Other Elephants and Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zoë T. Rossman, Clare Padfield, Debbie Young, Benjamin L. Hart, Lynette A. Hart

    While spontaneous yawning is common across all vertebrate classes, contagious yawning is less common and has been observed only in a few species of social animals. Interspecific contagious yawning in response to yawning by humans has been observed only by chimpanzees and dogs. After...

  9. A Comparison of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) Responses to Caregiver Use of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) and Species-Specific Behaviors (SSB)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney D. Emge

    The present study compared the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) and unstructured interactions (UI) on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. In the PRT condition, a caregiver interacted with a chimpanzee to condition behaviors for 10 min. In the UI condition, a caregiver...

  10. Animals and Humans on Stage: Live Performances at Sea World on the Gold Coast

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca Scollen

    The purpose of this study is to investigate animal and human relations as constructed, and as demonstrated, through the live performances at Sea World on the Gold Coast, Australia. Particular attention is placed upon the meanings generated by the intersection of the starring animals and humans...

  11. Expression of Behavioural Traits in Goldendoodles and Labradoodles

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Victoria L. Shouldice, A. Michelle Edwards, James A. Serpell, Lee Niel, J. Andrew B. Robinson

    As crossbred dogs gain in popularity, how they express inherited behaviour traits in comparison to their purebred constituent breeds is of interest. We investigated behaviours exhibited by crossbred dogs by focusing on the popular Goldendoodle and Labradoodle crossbreds and comparing them to...

  12. Response of Three Species of Monkeys to Caregiver Use of Species-Typical Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lillian Anna Stolar

    Caregivers are a primary part of captive monkey environments. When addressing psychological well-being of captive nonhuman primates, social environment should be considered. Chimpanzees, gorillas, New World monkeys, and Old World monkeys responded positively to interactions with caregivers....

  13. The European Union One Health 2019 Zoonoses Report

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: European Food Safety Authority, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

    This report of the EFSA and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2019 in 36 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and eight non-MS). The first and second most reported zoonoses in humans were...

  14. The Good Life, the Good Death: Companion Animals and Euthanasia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eva Meijer

    In this paper, I investigate the relevance of a relational approach to nonhuman animal euthanasia, focusing on companion animals. Recent scholarship in animal ethics, political philosophy and different fields of animal studies argues for viewing other animals as subjects, instead of as objects...

  15. The urban horse: Equestrian Traffic and Horse Husbandry in Late Medieval Cities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabienne Meiers

    Just like cattle, sheep and pigs, horses were part of the still agrarian influenced late medieval townscapes. Written and iconographic sources as well as archaeological evidence give proof of the extensive presence of horses inside and outside the city walls and their indispensability for urban...

  16. H.O.P.E. Ranch

    Full-text: Available

    H.O.P.E. Ranch is located on a 10-acre ranch in the bluffs just southeast of Rochester, Minnesota. We specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional problems through traditional psychotherapy methods and equine-assisted psychotherapy. Our team of EAGALA Certified...

  17. Paws for Thought Counselling

    Full-text: Available

  18. Ethnoprimatology of Urban Cebus Yuracus: An evaluation of Human-non-human interactions and local perceptions in Misahualli, Ecuador

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sofia Castro-Loza

    Little is known about the group of white-fronted capuchins (Cebus yuracus) coexisting alongside humans in the town of Misahuallí, Tena, Ecuador. This ethnoprimatological study focuses on the human-nonhuman interactions and the perceptions of the local people about the capuchin group....

  19. Bad dog: feral and free-roaming dogs as agents of conflict

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie K. Young, D. L. Bergman, M. Ono

    Domestic dogs are ubiquitous where humans reside. While typically considered a companion animal, their ability to thrive as feral and free-roaming animals often results in conflict with wildlife and is an impediment to conservation goals (Gompper, 2013). Home, Bhatnagar & Vanak (2018)...

  20. Only When It Feels Good: Specific Cat Vocalizations Other Than Meowing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaciana Luzia Fermo, Maria Alice Schnaider, Adelaide Hercília Pescatori Silva, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento

    Our objective was to identify and characterize the types of vocalization other than meowing (VOM) in two contexts, a pleasant and an aversive situation, and to study the effect of the sex of the animal. A total of 74 cats (32 tom cats and 42 queens) living in the city of Curitiba, Brazil,...