Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Student perceptions of animal use in society
| Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.
The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...
Abstracts of the proccedings on "animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008
| Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Johnson, A. K., O'Connor, A. M., Zanella, A. J.
Abstracts of the proccedings on "Animal Welfare and Epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008
Conference on "Animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008
Papers and abstracts from the Conference on Animal Welfare and Epidemiology: Across Species, Across Disciplines, and Across Borders, Ames, Iowa, 14-16 July 2008.
Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois
| Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.
This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...
Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters
| Contributor(s):: Decker, S. M., Lord, L. K., Walker, W. L., Wittum, T. E.
Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of...
Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes
| Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.
Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...
Use of and satisfaction of pet owners with a clinical behavior service in a companion animal specialty referral practice
| Contributor(s):: Herron, M. E., Lord, L. K.
Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices
| Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.
Animal Welfare and Epidemiology - Across species, Across disciplines, and Across Borders
| Contributor(s):: Adroaldo J. Zanella, Anna K. Johnson
Are farmers of the middle distinctively "good stewards"? Evidence from the Missouri Farm Poll, 2006
| Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Hendrickson, M. K.
In this paper we consider the question of whether middle-scale farmers, which we define as producers generating between $100,000 and $250,000 in sales annually, are better agricultural stewards than small and large-scale producers. Our study is motivated by the argument of some commentators that...
Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning
| Contributor(s):: Adams, J.
A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...
Coexistence of plants and coexistence of farmers: is an individual choice possible?
| Contributor(s):: Binimelis, R.
The introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Europe has been characterized by controversy. In 2002, the European Union introduced the concept of "coexistence" as a compromise solution that, through the establishment of science-based technical measures, should allow the market to...
Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control
| Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.
This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...
Science and the consequences of mistruct: lessons from recent GM controversies. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
| Contributor(s):: Scott, D.
In 2001, it was announced that transgenic DNA had introgressed into traditional strains of maize in Mexico. A controversy 'erupted and raged' throughout 2001 and 2002. This episode represents an acute breakdown in scientific discourse. The following inquiry looks into the causes of this...
Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy
| Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.
This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...
Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants
| Contributor(s):: Wittemyer, G.
Declines in economic activity and associated changes in human livelihood strategies can increase threats of species overexploitation. This is exemplified by the effects of economic crises, which often drive intensification of subsistence poaching and greater reliance on natural resources. Whereas...
Threshold concentrations of an anthraquinone-based repellent for Canada geese, red-winged blackbirds, and ring-necked pheasants
| Contributor(s):: Werner, S. J., Carlson, J. C., Tupper, S. K., Santer, M. M., Linz, G. M.
Wildlife repellents provide a non-lethal alternative for managing the monetary impacts of agricultural depredation. For the purpose of developing of an effective avian repellent, we established repellency thresholds of an anthraquinone-based repellent for Canada geese (Branta canadensis),...
Conditioned aversion in sheep induced by Baccharis coridifolia
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, M. B. de, Schild, A. L., Brasil, N. D. A., Quevedo, P. de S., Fiss, L., Pfister, J. A., Riet-Correa, F.
In Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, the invasive weed Baccharis coridifolia often poisons naive animals. Farmers prevent B. coridifolia poisoning using several unconventional methods to reduce ingestion: (1) burning plant material under an animals' nose, and having the animal...
Economics and energetics of organic and conventional farming
| Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.
Using data from published information on the production of US maize and potatoes employing different technologies and energy inputs, it is shown that the organic production of grains, such as maize, requires less fossil energy than conventional crop production. For some crops, the organic...