Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Student perceptions of animal use in society
| Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.
The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...
Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois
| Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.
This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...
Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes
| Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.
Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...
Use of and satisfaction of pet owners with a clinical behavior service in a companion animal specialty referral practice
| Contributor(s):: Herron, M. E., Lord, L. K.
Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth
| Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van
Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices
| Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.
Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control
| Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.
This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...
Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants
| Contributor(s):: Wittemyer, G.
Declines in economic activity and associated changes in human livelihood strategies can increase threats of species overexploitation. This is exemplified by the effects of economic crises, which often drive intensification of subsistence poaching and greater reliance on natural resources. Whereas...
Overcoming food neophobia in domestic ruminants through addition of a familiar flavor and repeated exposure to novel foods
| Contributor(s):: Launchbaugh, K. L., Provenza, F. D., Werkmeister, M. J.
Food neophobia, observed as a decreased intake of novel foods, can cause significant livestock production losses. In the transition from rangeland to feedlot, livestock are usually offered novel diets that they sample cautiously, gradually increasing intake. This familiarization period can slow...
Pregnancy in goats does not influence intake of novel or familiar foods with or without toxins
| Contributor(s):: Knubel, B. F. R., Panter, K. E., Provenza, F. D.
Some hypothesize that mammals decrease intake of foods that contain toxins during pregnancy to protect the fetus. We conducted a longitudinal study of feeding behavior to determine if pregnancy-related changes in food selection and intake occurred in goats. Goats eat modest amounts of toxic...
Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals
| Contributor(s):: Bengsen, A. J., Leung, L. K. P., Lapidge, S. J., Gordon, I. J.
Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting...
Conditioned aversion in sheep induced by Baccharis coridifolia
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, M. B. de, Schild, A. L., Brasil, N. D. A., Quevedo, P. de S., Fiss, L., Pfister, J. A., Riet-Correa, F.
In Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, the invasive weed Baccharis coridifolia often poisons naive animals. Farmers prevent B. coridifolia poisoning using several unconventional methods to reduce ingestion: (1) burning plant material under an animals' nose, and having the animal...
Feed preference by Baladi goats
| Contributor(s):: Abdel-Moneim, A. Y., Abd-Alla, M. S.
Eight adult (24-48 months) and 8 juvenile (6-12 months) Baladi does were maintained on a diet of Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum) or darawa (Zea mays) supplemented with concentrates. After an overnight starve, goats were given the choice of 2 green forages (clover, darawa and sorghum...
Use of space in a non-naturalistic environment by chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) and lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )
| Contributor(s):: Ross, S. R., Lukas, K. E.
Chimpanzees and gorillas are the two most common species of great ape in captive facilities in North America. This study examined patterns of space use by 14 gorillas and six chimpanzees housed in similar non-naturalistic environments at Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago, IL. The location of each...
Comparison of the behaviour of captive white-faced capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus ) in the presence of four kinds of deep litter
| Contributor(s):: Ludes, E., Anderson, J. R.
Captive white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) were placed in a large indoor room without or with deep litter made of wood chips, dried ground maize cob, wood wool or garden peat. Feed was scattered on the bare floor or on the litter and the behaviour of the monkeys was observed. When...
Evaluation of different observational sampling regimes for use in zoological parks
| Contributor(s):: Margulis, S. W., Westhus, E. J.
Observational sampling methods provide clearly-defined guidelines for collection and analysis of behavioral data. In some situations, use of formal sampling regimes may be impractical or impossible. A case in point is data collection conducted by animal care staff at zoological parks and aquaria....
Acceptance of fat and lecithin containing diets by horses
| Contributor(s):: Holland, J. L., Kronfeld, D. S., Rich, G. A., Kline, K. A., Fontenot, J. P., Meacham, T. N., Harris, P. A.
The acceptability of various fat sources was compared in horses using maize oil as a standard. In 3 trials, 10 fat-containing concentrates were fed to horses in cafeteria-style preference trials and ranked from highest to lowest as follows: maize oil, blend no. 3, hydrolysed tallow, peanut oil,...
Acid-base responses of fat-adapted horses: relevance to hard work in the heat
| Contributor(s):: Kronfeld, D. S., Custalow, S. E., Ferrante, P. L., Taylor, L. E., Wilson, J. A., Tiegs, W.
Feeding and training may affect acid-base responses to strenuous exercise. Acidosis usually correlates with higher blood lactate concentrations during intense exercise, but alkalosis has been found in horses, and higher lactate responses during sprints have been found in fat adapted horses. A...
The effect of type of rooting material and space allowance on exploration and abnormal behaviour in growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Studnitz, M., Pedersen, L. J.
The experiment aimed to investigate the effect of type of rooting material and space allowance on explorative and abnormal behaviour in growing pigs. Thirty-six pens with partly slatted concrete floor were allocated to one of four treatments: (1) low space allowance and maize silage as rooting...