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Tags: Cortisol + Animal physiology

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  1. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  2. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...

  3. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    | Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  4. A combination of behavioral and physiological indicators for assessing pig welfare on the farm

    | Contributor(s):: Candiani, D., Salamano, G., Mellia, E., Doglione, L., Bruno, R., Toussaint, M., Gruys, E.

    The purpose of this research was to identify pig welfare indicators that could help in recognizing stressful practices on farm. The study evaluated behavioral and physiological indicators (cortisol and negative acute phase proteins) in 2 groups of 20 female pigs 4 months old after a 48-hr...

  5. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  6. Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): a factor to consider during welfare assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Liminana, R., Mauri, M.

    Elevated glucocorticoid levels during an extended time period might be a stress indicator in nonhuman animals. Therefore, knowledge of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is very important to correctly interpret data obtained for welfare assessment of animals in captivity through salivary...

  7. Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    | Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.

    Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...

  8. Physiological arousal for companion dogs working with their owners in animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D. K., Kirchengast, S.

    This study investigated the physiological reactions of companion dogs (Canis familiaris) used in animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy by measuring salivary cortisol concentrations. The dog caregivers (owners) collected saliva samples (a) at 3 control days without therapeutic...

  9. Physiological responses in wild broodstocks of the Caspian Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) subjected to transportation stress

    | Contributor(s):: Nikoo, M., Falahatkar, B.

  10. Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)

    | Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.

    Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...

  11. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  12. Physiological and behavioral assessment in dogs used in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT)

    | Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, K. C. M., Silva, E. Y. T., Costa, K. N., Souza, M. S., Silva, M. L. M., Albuquerque, V. B., Pinheiro, D. M., Bernabe, D. G., Oliva, V. N. L. S.

  13. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  14. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Herens cows kept in loose housing

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, I. M. L., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

  15. Influence of teeth resection on the skin temperature and acute phase response in newborn piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Llamas Moya, S., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.

  16. Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Palme, R.

  17. Plasma cortisol and noradrenalin concentrations in pigs: automated sampling of freely moving pigs housed in the PigTurnReg. versus manually sampled and restrained pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Matthews, D. L., Poletto, R., McCain, R. R., Mann, D. D., DeGraw, R. T., Hampsch, J. M., Peters, S., Knipp, G. T., Kissinger, C. B.

  18. Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.

  19. Human interaction and cortisol: can human contact reduce stress for shelter dogs?

    | Contributor(s):: Coppola, C. L., Grandin, T., Enns, R. M.

    Animal shelters are an extremely stressful environment for a dog, most specifically due to social isolation and novel surroundings. The stress response of dogs housed in this environment may be alleviated through human interaction shortly after arrival. During their second day in a public animal...

  20. Human-animal interaction, stress, and embryo production in Bos indicus embryo donors under tropical conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Macedo, G. G., Zuccari Neto, C. E. S., Abreu, U. G. P. de, Negrao, J. A., Costa e Silva, E. V. da

    This study investigated the effect of human-animal interaction (HAI) and the stress response on the quality of embryo production in superovulated Nelore (Bos indicus) cattle, under tropical conditions. Thirty-two females underwent a superovulation protocol for 5 days. Cortisol concentrations were...