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  1. Human-Dog Interactions & Municipal Policy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan

    In 2009, a nationwide survey in Bosnia asking people about the threats in their local communities found that some communities were concerned about roaming dogs (rather than mine fields, crime or some other social ill). More specifically, the complaints mentioned dog attacks on people and...

  2. Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Immediate- and Modified-Release Mycophenolic Acid Preparations in Healthy Beagle Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael Klotsman, Sebastien Coquery, Gayatri Sathyan, Vatsala Naageshwaran, Paddy Shivanand, Amanda J. Fairchild4, Amanda J. Fairchild, Oliver A. Garden, Wayne H. Anderson

    Background: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a broad-acting immunomodulating agent that may be therapeutically beneficial for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases in canine patients. Objectives: To determine the suppressive effects of MPA on T-cell proliferation, and to assess the...

  3. Effectiveness of Canine Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia Improvement Programs in Six UK Pedigree Breeds

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: H. K. James, F. McDonnell, Thomas W. Lewis

    Hip and elbow dysplasia are common disorders in larger dog breeds and crosses, and a known contributory factor to osteoarthritis, lameness and reduced mobility. Screening schemes evaluating the severity of hip and elbow dysplasia in the UK are administered by the British Veterinary Association...

  4. Human–Animal Interaction Knowledge is not Just for the "Animal People" in Social Work

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mary E. Rauktis, Janet Hoy-Gerlach

    Human–animal interaction (HAI) within social work is often relegated to being a specialty or “niche” area practiced by social workers who are “animal people” and confined to activities such as animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and social work support in veterinary...

  5. Intake Vaccinations Reduced Signs of Canine Respiratory Disease During an Outbreak at an Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Allison Andrukonis, Kelsea M. Brown, Nathaniel J. Hall, Alexandra Protopopova

    Animal shelters provide an ideal environment for the spread of disease. Dogs are often housed in close quarters with others of unknown vaccine histories, and experience high levels of sustained stress. As a result, Canine Infection Respiratory Disease (CIRD) is often prevalent and difficult to...

  6. Cats vs. Dogs: The Efficacy of Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM Products in Multispecies Homes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miriam Rebecca Prior, Daniel Simon Mills

    Seven percent of UK households are estimated to own both a cat and a dog, despite a popular view that the two do not live well together. This is the first study to evaluate the effects of pheromone products Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM on cat-dog interactions, in homes where owners perceived...

  7. Aggressiveness, ADHD-like behaviour, and environment influence repetitive behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Sulkama, S., Salonen, M., Mikkola, S., Hakanen, E., Puurunen, J., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  8. You get what you give: Pet relationships in a communal orientation framework

    | Contributor(s):: Liu-Pham, Ryan, Patterson, Lauren, Keefer, Lucas A.

  9. From Regulating Emotions to Less Lonely Screen Time: Parents' Qualitative Perspectives of the Benefits and Challenges of Adolescent Pet Companionship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charmaraman, L., Cobas, S., Weed, J., Gu, Q., Kiel, E., Chin, H., Gramajo, A., Mueller, M. K.

    Adolescence is a prime developmental period to explore human-pet relationships, particularly given that teens are often relying less on their families, and more on other attachment figures such as peers and pets. However, most research on pet companionship is conducted with adults and young...

  10. Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Illness in Cats and Dogs(1)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bienzle, D., Rousseau, J., Marom, D., MacNicol, J., Jacobson, L., Sparling, S., Prystajecky, N., Fraser, E., Weese, J. S.

    We tested swab specimens from pets in households in Ontario, Canada, with human COVID-19 cases by quantitative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and surveyed pet owners for risk factors associated with infection and seropositivity. We tested serum samples for spike protein IgG and IgM in household pets and...

  11. Mothers' Reflections on Cat Ownership for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow

    Animal- assisted interventions are increasingly used as a complementary therapy in clinical practice to support people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with promising outcomes compared to traditional therapies. Less is understood about the therapeutic benefits of more accessible and...

  12. Interactions Between Sex and Pet Ownership on Attitudes Toward Children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aya Dudin, Mayra Linne Almanza-Sepulveda, Katherine T. Cost, Geoffrey B. Hall, Alison S. Fleming, Jonathan Freedman

    Background: Many people are attached to their pets. This attachment shares characteristics with the parental attachment to children. Previous studies have established a sex difference in attitudes about children; women compared to men report more positive attitudes about children. However,...

  13. Psychological Correlates of Attitudes toward Pet Relinquishment and of Actual Pet Relinquishment: The Role of Pragmatism and Obligation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rita Jacobetty, Diniz Lopes, Jaume Fatjó, Jonathan Bowen, David L. Rodrigues

    Understanding pet relinquishment is essential to inform interventions and assess their impact. In a cross-sectional study, we explored how attitudes of lack of obligation and pragmatism toward pet relinquishment correlated with, and differed according to, sociodemographic characteristics (age,...

  14. It's Not Just A Dog: The Role of Companion Animals in the Family's Emotional System

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra Leow

    Past studies have looked into the role of companion animals in families. This study intended to explore the role of companion animals in the family’s emotional system through the lens of Bowen Family Systems Theory. Data from a study on companion animal loss and grief were used. A...

  15. Partners in Sickness and in Health? Relationship-Centered Veterinary Care and Self-Educated Pet Owners in Germany: A Structural Equation Model

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alina M. Küeper, Roswitha Merle

    In recent years, the web has become a widely used source for health information. Pet owners seem to respond to the supply of medical information on the Internet by increasing their self-education. However, after more than a decade of the digital revolution, little is known about the...

  16. Therapy Dogs in the College Classroom: The Effect of Dogs on Stress, Anxiety, and Spanish L2 Phonological Learning and Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elaine Maralee Henry

    Anxiety and stress invoked by the second language classroom setting has the ability to cause numerous detrimental physiological changes which impair the learning process. A more natural, “immersion” type atmosphere is often desired when teaching a second language; however, this is...

  17. Plasma Concentration of Advanced Glycation End-Products From Wild Canids and Domestic Dogs Does Not Change With Age or Across Body Masses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Gabriela Jimenez

    Dogs provide a physiological paradox: In domestic dogs, small breeds live longer lives than large breed dogs. Comparatively, a wild canid can be a similar size than many large breed dogs and outlive their domestic cousin. We have previously shown that oxidative stress patterns between domestic...

  18. Domestic Cat Ethology: Evaluating Social Media for Data Collection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Casey

    This study looked at whether user-submitted videos of cats could be used to increase understanding of their behavior. The findings suggest that the behaviors observed were consistent with prior research, and contain typical cat behavior. Depending on the research question, user-submitted videos...

  19. Do Dog Owners REALLY Make Better Lovers?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

    What does science say about the connection between love, sex and owning a dog?

  20. Characterizing Human–Dog Attachment Relationships in Foster and Shelter Environments as a Potential Mechanism for Achieving Mutual Wellbeing and Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A.R. Udell

    This study aimed to characterize attachment relationships between humans and dogs living in animal shelters or foster homes, and to contextualize these relationships in the broader canine attachment literature. In this study, 21 pairs of foster dogs and foster volunteers and 31 pairs of shelter...