Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children’s developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: 1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? 2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and 3) Does a developmental...
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental...
Attitudes of Australian and Turkish students of veterinary medicine toward nonhuman animals and their careers
| Contributor(s):: Izmirli, S., Yigit, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
We examined attitudes toward nonhuman animal welfare and rights and career aspirations in Australian and Turkish veterinary students. A representative university was selected in each country, with 190 first- and third-year students sampled in each. Survey questions addressed attitudes toward...
Hunting restraint by Creoles at the Community Baboon Sanctuary, Belize: a preliminary survey
| Contributor(s):: Jones, C. B., Young, J.
This study surveyed 33 male hunters between the ages of 17 and 54 years at the Community Baboon Sanctuary (CBS), Belize, to evaluate attitudes and behaviours in relation to hunting black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra). The study defined hunting restraint as a learned predisposition not to hunt 1...
Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment
| Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.
This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...
Obstacles and anticipated problems with acquiring assistance dogs, as expressed by Japanese people with physical disabilities
| Contributor(s):: Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Mitsuaki Ohta, Koji Matsumoto, Nobuyo Ohtani
In western countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, many people with disabilities benefit from the help their assistance dogs provide. In contrast, assistance dogs have not become widespread in Japan. This study explores the perspectives of Japanese people with disabilities,...
Culture, reform politics, and future directions: a review of China's animal protection challenge
| Contributor(s):: Li, P. J., Davey, G.
Provincial life with animals
| Contributor(s):: Donovan, J.
Religious slaughter: data from surveys and spot-check visits in Italy and animal welfare issues
| Contributor(s):: Cenci-Goga, B. T., Sechi, P., Cuccurese, A., Poeta, A., Angelis, G. de, Marini, P., Mattiacci, C., Rossi, R., Pezzato, R., Salamano, G., Santori, P.
Religion, philosophy and ethics - how these affect our treatment of animals
| Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C.
Convergence of culture, ecology, and ethics: management of feral swamp buffalo in Northern Australia
| Contributor(s):: Albrecht, G., McMahon, C. R., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Bradshaw, C. J. A.
This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field...
Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation
| Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.
Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...
Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo
| Contributor(s):: Raoult-Wack, A. L., Bricas, N.
After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and...
Naturalness and conservation in France
| Contributor(s):: Schnitzler, A., Genot, J. C., Wintz, M., Hale, B. W.
This article discusses the ecological and cultural criteria underlying the management practices for protected areas in France. It examines the evolution of French conservation from its roots in the 19th century, when it focused on the protection of scenic landscapes, to current times when the...
Of bodies, place, and culture: re-situating local food
| Contributor(s):: Delind, L. B.
In the USA, an increasingly popular local food movement is propelled along by structural arguments that highlight the inequity and unsustainability of the current agri-food system and by individually based arguments that highlight personal health and well-being. Despite clear differences in their...
Place and civic culture: re-thinking the context for local agriculture
| Contributor(s):: DeLind, L. B., Bingen, J.
This article considers the qualitative concept of place - what it means, how it feels, how it is expressed, and how it is managed across time and space as (1) the appropriate context within which to study and promote local agriculture and (2) the locus of relationships, both cultural and...
Beyond the terms of the contract: mothers and farmers
| Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.
At the heart of the recent Canadian agricultural policy review is the concept of partnership. The formation of partnerships between various members of the agri-food sector, it is claimed, will provide a framework in which all parties will benefit. The paper describes the contract assumptions...
Consent and consensus in policies related to food - five core values
| Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H.
When formulating a policy related to food in a heterogeneous context within a nation or between nations, oppositional positions are more or less explicit, but always have to be overcome. It is interesting to note, though, that such elements as culture and religion have seldom been the focus in...