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  1. Mild environmental aversion is detected by a discrete-choice preference testing method but not by a free-access method

    Contributor(s):: Browne, William J., Caplen, Gina, Statham, Poppy, Nicol, Christine J.

    Preference tests are a widely used method in animal welfare science but the influence of specific methodologies has not been widely investigated, and methods are often selected arbitrarily. In these experiments we assessed the environmental preferences of 72 individual laying hens, where...

  2. Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs

    Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...

  3. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  4. Veterinarians' role in clients' decision-making regarding seriously ill companion animal patients

    | Contributor(s):: Christiansen, S. B., Kristensen, A. T., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

  5. Factors Which Influence Owners When Deciding to Use Chemotherapy in Terminally Ill Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Jane Williams, Catherine Phillips, Hollie Marie Byrd

    Chemotherapy is a commonly integrated treatment option within human and animal oncology regimes. Limited research has investigated pet owners’ treatment decision-making in animals diagnosed with malignant neoplasia. Dog and cat owners were asked to complete an online questionnaire to...

  6. The human-animal bond between domestically abused women and their companion animals do pets: affect a woman's decision making?

    | Contributor(s):: Debbie McBride

    This research will investigate the dynamics of human-perpetrated violence towards women and their companion animals. A small body of research indicates that abusers often threaten, hurt, or kill family pets as a means of coercing and controlling their female partners and women often delay seeking...

  7. Assessing Contingent Valuation as a Decision Making Tool for the Endangered Species Act

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly Redden

    The purpose of this project is to examine how utilizing the contingent valuation method could help or hinder the decision making process for the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Contingent valuation is a technique which uses surveys to measure people’s willingness to pay for a specific good or...

  8. Sensitivity analysis to aid shelter management decisions: how does altering expenditure affect operational viability?

    | Contributor(s):: Widmar, N. O., Lord, E., Litster, A.

    Streamlining purchasing in nonhuman animal shelters can provide multiple financial benefits. Streamlining shelter inputs and thus reducing shelter costs can include trading paid labor and management for fewer, more involved volunteers or purchasing large quantities of medical supplies from fewer...

  9. Willingness of Dutch broiler and pig farmers to convert to production systems with improved welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Lans, I. A. van der, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O., Saatkamp, H. W.

    The present study investigated 15 broiler and 13 fattening pig farmers' willingness-to-convert to alternative production systems with higher animal welfare standards compared to conventional production systems in The Netherlands, and explored the main barriers to the adoption of these alternative...

  10. A conceptual approach for a quantitative economic analysis of farmers' decision-making regarding animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Saatkamp, H. W., Lauwere, C. C. de, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O.

    Decisions related to animal welfare (AW) standards depend on farmer's multiple goals and values and are constrained by a wide range of external and internal forces. The aim of this paper is twofold, i.e., (1) to develop a theoretical framework for farmers' AW decisions that incorporates farmers'...

  11. Establishing 'quality of life' parameters using behavioural guidelines for humane euthanasia of captive non-human primates

    | Contributor(s):: Lambeth, S. P., Schapiro, S. J., Bernacky, B. J., Wilkerson, G. K.

  12. Public attitudes toward the use of animals in research: effects of invasiveness, genetic modification and regulation

    | Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E. H., Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.

  13. Surgery or euthanasia - about dealing with stressed horse owners in a sensitive way - while considering animal welfare Operation oder Euthanasie - vorm sensiblen Umgang mit dem gestressten Tierbesitzer unter Tierschutzgesichtspunkten

    | Contributor(s):: Schule, E.

  14. Argus Institute

    The Argus Institute is a specialized service offering client support within the CSU Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Founded in 1984, our unique program is one of the longest standing, most comprehensive programs of its kind. Our clinical counselors offer support to people who are facing difficult...

  15. Economics and animal welfare in small animal veterinary practice: the case of genetic welfare problems

    | Contributor(s):: Yeates, J.

  16. Foot disorders in dairy cattle: impact on cow and dairy farmer

    | Contributor(s):: Bruijnis, M. R. N., Beerda, B., Hogeveen, H., Stassen, E. N.

  17. Validation of a structured questionnaire as an instrument to measure chronic pain in dogs on the basis of effects on health-related quality of life

    | Contributor(s):: Wiseman-Orr, M. L., Scott, E. M., Reid, J., Nolan, A. M.

  18. A veterinarian's role in helping pet owners with decision making. (Special Issue: Palliative medicine and hospice care.)

    | Contributor(s):: Shanan, A.

    End-of-life care frequently requires owners and veterinarians to make decisions of monumental consequences while feeling they sorely lack essential information. This feeling can be distressing to owners and veterinarians and lead to strains in their relationship. This article illustrates an...

  19. Communicating with special populations: children and older adults. (Effective Communication in Veterinary Practice.)

    | Contributor(s):: Brandt, J. C., Grabill, C. M.

    This article highlights the importance of human-animal bond for children and older adults, addresses issues of pet loss and provides suggestions for meeting the communication needs of both populations. This article is divided into 2 sections. The first section focuses on the developmental...

  20. Veterinary opinions on refusing euthanasia: justifications and philosophical frameworks

    | Contributor(s):: Yeates, J. W., Main, D. C.